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Keywords: membranes
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2022
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7716-1
..., consistency, and confidence of modular construction. modular construction moisture management membranes critical barriers modular prefabricated volumetric 252 BUILDING SCIENCE AND THE PHYSICS OF BUILDING ENCLOSURE PERFORMANCE: 2ND VOLUME STP 1635, 2022 / available online at www.astm.org / doi...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1495-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1495-1
... on the macroscopic, microstructural, and atomic scales. These are taken from work on long- and short-range diffusion of hydrogen in amorphous alloys, grain-boundary sliding in metallic films, and point-defect reorientation in doped layers of silicon. New experimental approaches using the vibrating-membrane...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1460-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1460-9
... of outer membrane constituents and probably interference with cell membrane function. Data from the INT bioassays, comparative oxygen demand studies, assays of INT response in bacteria with different outer membrane characteristics, and transmission electron microscopy are presented in support...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1384-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1384-8
... Deterioration of reinforced concrete building decks has developed into a multimillion dollar problem. Penetrating hydrophobic sealers and membrane coatings are available that seal the concrete surfaces and can slow or prevent deterioration. Field and laboratory tests can be used to determine...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0956-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0956-8
... Commercially-available ethylene propylene diene terpolymer (EPDM), neoprene, and chlorosulphonated polyethylene (CSME) roofing membrane specimens with adhesive-bonded seams were tested in tension in a lap-shear configuration. Some T-peel tests of an EPDM material were also conducted. The lap...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0956-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0956-8
... In cold climates, roofing membranes are subjected to at least two forms of critical loading: 1. In a fully adhered system, significant forces and deformations can be induced in the membrane by thermal deformation and movement at the joint in the substrate. 2. In severe climates, ice can form...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1986
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0931-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0931-5
... This paper presents an overview of synthetic liners, called flexible membrane liners (FMLs), as used in the containment of solid wastes and their leachates in landfills. Details of FML manufacturing and properties are presented. This is followed by methods to evaluate chemical compatibility...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1980
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0775-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0775-5
.... The resulting asphalt rubber was used initially or special pavement surface treatments, but usage has expanded to interlayers for overlays, for crack and joint sealing, membraning for the control of expansive clays, and very recently as a binder for asphalt concrete mixtures for thin interlayers and overlays...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1980
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0325-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0325-2
... A development study of test methods and criteria for evaluating new roofing materials is described: prefabricated polymeric and elastomeric sheets, prefabricated modified bituminous membranes, and liquid applied membranes. Results are summarized for a number of materials selected as typical...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1977
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0301-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0301-6
... to compacting low-slump concrete into place using vibrating screeds. corrosion concretes reinforcing steels bridge decks highway bridges concrete finishes grout maintenance protective treatments membranes E. J. O'Connor^ Iowa Method of Partial-Depth Portland Cement Resurfacing of Bridge Decks...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1977
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0301-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0301-6
... A two-component asphalt-extended urethane membrane was developed which satisfies the requirements demanded of a waterproofing membrane for protecting reinforcing steel in concrete bridge decks from corrosion. A technique for application of the membrane is described which essentially eliminates...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1977
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0301-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0301-6
... of the moisture and chlorides has resulted in the application and evaluation of 29 different membrane systems since 1971. A number of the protective membranes have been in service for sufficient time to draw conclusions on their effectiveness. The results of followup evaluations show that several systems have...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1976
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0559-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0559-1
... In protected membrane roofs, the thermal insulation is placed above the main waterproof membrane where it is exposed to precipitation. The severity of the wetting problem can be reduced by protective measures. Fibrous and closed cell plastic insulations, ranging from 150 to 610 mm square and 51...