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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7543-3
... Paper making is one of the largest industries in the United States. The application of lime in the paper manufacturing process can be traced back almost 2000 years. Constant improvements over time have made it possible for lime today to have applications in pulping, papermaking, and paper mills...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... this need, and the historical documentation that supports this premise. In particular, the critical importance and potential applications of lime are addressed. Past and present repairs using cement and lime, why they differ, and the effect they have had will be addressed. The structures these studies focus...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... This paper presents the investigation and characterization of Type S hydrated lime in aged solutions with sand and with subsequent addition of Portland cement. The plastic mortar workability and flow as prescribed by ASTM Standards C207 and C270, the rheological properties, the microstructure...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... Alone, neither a pozzolan nor hydrated lime is capable of setting under water. They are not hydraulic. When combined and mixed with water, however, the resulting reaction products are hydraulic. There is a renewed interest in pozzolan-lime binders, in particular for historic masonry. ASTM C593...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... Low cost building materials prepared with ash of burnt agriculture waste and lime represent an alternative binder/construction system. Pure lime and Portland cement (OPC) are energy intensive to manufacture, and are expensive and scarce in developing countries. However, pozzolanic binders...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2606-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2606-0
.... There is a great need for preservation standards and only limited resources to address the situation. A well orchestrated and major collective effort is required to adjust and develop testing standards for the preservation of our masonry heritage. historic mortar lime repointing durability compressive...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2020-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2020-4
..., arsenic and trivalent chromium leachabilities were significantly reduced as a result of the quicklime treatment, while at the same time significant strength gains were evidenced for the treated soils. However, more hexavalent chromium was released from lime treated mixes than from the untreated solid due...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1492-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1492-0
... ASTM Standard Specification for Mortar for Unit Masonry (ASTM C 270) requires mortar to be specified either by proportion specifications or property specifications. For portland cement-lime (PCL) mortars, it has been suggested that a significant difference exists between the properties...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1475-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1475-3
... for routine quality control in soil treatment, amendment uniformity, and product analysis is discussed. neutralization potential acidity soil rock tailings ash overburden analysis minespoil treated wastes lime cement Walter E. Grube, Jr., 1 John T. A m m o n s , 2 and John R. Freeman3...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1443-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1443-2
... mobility, but too much alkalinity can also be harmful. Examples are given of the application of GANC test results and concepts to metal-spiked samples and to lead-contaminated soils from a Superfund site. waste stabilization portland cement lime lead copper fly ash kiln dust dolomite...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1436-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1436-4
... improvements in process control chemicals, a decrease in the availability and corresponding increase in the cost of high quality wood fiber and key mineral fillers, and heightened customer sensitivity to paper permanence (storage longevity). The total lime required for manufacturing PCC to be used by the paper...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1436-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1436-4
... in. (254.00–330.20 mm) of aggregate base course and underlain by a granular subgrade. Three of the six pavements possess aggregate base courses which have been stabilized with 1 % hydrated lime. The other three pavements incorporate the same aggregate base course but without lime stabilization. Resilient...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1436-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1436-4
... mechanism for bonding cement hydration products to the silicate aggregate surface. construction aggregates lime cementation concrete interfacial bond mineral surface properties aggregate treatment Robin E. Graves, 1 James L. Eades, 2 and Larry L. Smith 3 Calcium Hydroxide Treatment...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1436-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1436-4
... This document will review the developments relating to a number of projects utilizing lime and fly ash and other waste materials. It is intended to describe requirements and control in construction applications. Several ASTM standards, released in 1990, will be referenced in relation...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1436-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1436-4
..., required by these regulations. Of all the methods available, the combination of lime stabilization and pasteurization, using the heat of hydration as the sole heat source for pasteurization, has distinct advantages and disadvantages. The applicability of this innovative technique shall be proven...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1396-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1396-1
... It is now well-known that the geotechnical characteristics of wet cohesive soils are improved rapidly by adding lime (immediate effects) and that, subsequently, the mechanical characteristics of the compacted mixture generally develop in course of time (long-term effects). Whereas the pozzolanic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1453-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1453-1
... Eight laboratories participated in a round robin to evaluate variations in aggregate gradation when tested using Masonry cement and Portland cement-lime masonry mortars. A control gradation was used which,was near the center of C144 gradation limits and five other gradations were used which...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1453-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1453-1
... The results of an experimental program designed to evaluate the influence of constituent proportions on the stress-strain relationship of Portland cement-lime mortar and grout are reported. Grout specimens consisting of 76 millimeter by 152 millimeter cylinders and mortar specimens of 50...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0499-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0499-0
... because lime can remove metals in source waters which might be considered as pollutants. The area of application in air pollution control is the reduction of sulfur oxides in the stack gases of coal-fired boilers or other operations producing sulfur dioxide as a potential air pollutant. While...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0499-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0499-0
... with most present commercial CO 2 scrubbers. Lime utilization efficiency was compared with three cylinder rotational velocities, two lime slurry concentrations, and three cylinder air velocities. Only the cylinder rotational velocity was found to have a significant effect on lime efficiency, which...