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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2006
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3408-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3408-9
... In coastal landfill facilities that are constructed to contain municipal and industrial wastes in Japan, natural marine clay layers serve as bottom liners to prevent pollutant migration. Leachates from landfills are rich in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) that can be used by micro-organisms...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2855-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2855-2
... of the abandoned sand mining pits have been used for waste disposal. Due to the unique hydrogeology of the region, the use of slime cut-off walls has become an essential consideration in the design of waste containment facilitiesin abandoned sand mining pits. One technique to isolate the landfills from adjoining...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2861-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2861-3
.... This paper summarizes the LANL/NMED scoping checklist and gives examples of its application at the LANL Environmental Restoration (ER) sites. conceptual model ecological risk screening radionuclides federal facilities New Mexico landfill sediments Randall T. Ryti I and Elizabeth Kelly2 Using...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2604-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2604-6
... The Fresh Kills Landfill, located in Staten Island, New York, serves as the repository of all municipal solid waste from the five boroughs of New York City. Because of the existence of compressible soils under most of the filling areas and the urban environment surrounding the landfill...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2470-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2470-7
... An investigation was made to study the suitability of using coal fly ash-stabilized sand mixtures as capping materials for sanitary landfills. Sand mixtures stabilized with 15 and 20 percent Class C fly ash were investigated. Compaction, permeability, unconfined compressive strength, freeze-thaw...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2048-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2048-8
... and diffusion through a geomembrane to be evaluated accurately along with the influence of concentrations above and below the geomembrane on the transport behavior. geomembrane landfill loss organic chemicals permeability test high-density polyethylene very-low-density polyethylene polyvinyl...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2047-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2047-1
... The New York City Department of Sanitation has retained consultants to design a leachate collection system for the Fresh Kills Landfill in New York City. Fresh Kills Landfill is regarded as the world's largest landfill. Because of an Order on Consent the landfill is required to have a leachate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2043-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2043-3
... The use of remote sensing imagery to facilitate the management of landfill sites in urban areas has, to date, been primarily confined to the use of conventional aerial photography. The potential of airborne video thermography, and the high resolution and the range of spectral bands offered...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1442-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1442-5
... produce a higher overall flow in barriers due to conduit flow within the resulting desiccation cracks. water content hydraulic conductivity kaolinite landfill compacted clay layer desiccation volumetric strain Mark A. Phifer ~, Eric C. Drumm ~, and Glenn V. Wilson ~ EFFECTS OF POST...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1442-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1442-5
... of tests was conducted on a compacted weathered shale being used as a primary liner in a gold mine tailings facility. The second site was a test fill constructed as a demonstration for material suitability to be used as a tertiary liner in a low level mixed waste commercial landfill. In the second test...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1462-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1462-3
... of the distribution of any potential contaminants in shallow soils and shallow ground water. geophysics magnetometer gradiometer terrain conductivity ground penetrating radar chemical agents landfill Richard P. Allen and Mark A. SeelenI THE USE OF GEOPHYSICS IN THE DETECTION OF BURIED TOXIC AGENTS...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1462-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1462-3
... This paper points out the importance of quality assurance in soil gas surveys through the implementation of quality control measures. A soil gas survey was undertaken at the Cortese Landfill to assess vapor migration. Soil gas samples were analyzed from 54 locations for 15 volatile organic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... The closing of landfills has become commonplace. In many instances these closed facilities are desirable building sites because of close proximity to urban areas. Much of the subsurface investigation for foundation design parameters in landfills is more difficult and more expensive than...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... may be used as a fill material, including backfill for retaining structures, highway embankments, and structural fills. bottom ash boiler slag embankment landfill waste materials leaching test leachates ash disposal Wei-Hsing Huang* and C. William Lovell* BOTTOM ASH AS EMBANKMENT...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... A project to stabilize acidic hydrocarbon sludge lagoons for landfill deposition is described. The sludge will be microencapsulated in a clay matrix, neutralized and cemented with a lime and fly ash pozzolanic mixture. The mechanical improvement and contaminant immobilization provide dimensional...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... Refuse settlement in sanitary landfills is a complex process, which is dominated by secondary compression. Two mathematical models are used to model refuse settlement at four different sites. A data bank of empirical parameters was obtained and the trends observed. refuse settlement...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... of the results. Since density is the most important waste property governing its overall behaviour, compaction procedures are important for the successful operation of a landfill from both a technical and an economical point of view. A traditional soil mechanics approach to waste investigation is presented...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1285-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1285-8
... An abandoned 38 acre sanitary landfill approximately 100 feet (31 m) deep was closed, covered, sealed, and converted to a marine container storage and repair facility. An impermeable cover material was developed using crushed miscellaneous base, silt and asphalt emulsion. A large number of field...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1456-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1456-2
... In order to evaluate the feasibility of construction and the adequacy of design of a landfill final cover incorporating a geomembrane, a three-phase investigation was conducted. The frictional characteristics of a sand-geomembrane interface was determined using a tilt apparatus. Stability...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1989
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1261-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1261-2
... The 1984 Amendments to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) specify that bulk liquid wastes which have been stabilized /solidified for land disposal must not release the liquid under the mechanical pressures experienced in a landfill. How to determine this property has not yet been...