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Keywords: heat exchangers
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7515-0
... of the alternative, but often inferior, corrosion resistant alloys. Explosion cladding has enabled CPI companies to cost effectively benefit from the superior performance features of zirconium in heavy-wall pressure vessels and heat exchangers. Explosion cladding is a unique technology that uses the energy...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Manuals
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7018-6
..., but often inferior, corrosion resistant alloys. Explosion cladding has enabled CPI companies to cost effectively benefit from the superior performance features of zirconium in heavy-wall pressure vessels and heat exchangers. Explosion cladding is a unique technology that uses the energy of an explosive...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2032-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2032-7
... are not able to indicate real-time corrosion activity beneath surface deposits. Traditionally, corrosion information has been derived from destructive evaluation of heat exchanger tubes, weight loss coupons, and probes under nonheat flux conditions. To overcome these shortcomings, a monitoring system has been...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1995
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2014-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2014-3
... Aluminum 1100 alloy fins in small heat exchangers are press fit onto copper tubing and require a protective coating to prevent excessive galvanic corrosion. This program was conducted to determine whether use of the ASTM Standard Practice for Cyclic Acidified Salt (Fog) Testing (G 85-A2), could...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1995
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2026-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2026-6
... The primary goal in the development of advanced structural ceramics has been to provide high-strength, corrosion-resistant materials for use in high-temperature, aggressive environments. Much of the developmental effort has focused on heat exchangers for use in industrial gas- or coal-fueled...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1991
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1411-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1411-1
.... The utility of the resulting data, however, extends well beyond the guiding application. The first phase of the development of the SCD is focused on the material, property, and information requirements that derive from the specific application of a materials property database to ceramic heat exchangers...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1988
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0981-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0981-0
... of potential-independent current density and linearly potential-dependent current density. The distribution of galvanic corrosion has been calculated within a heat-exchanger system consisting of a cathodic tube-bundle and tubeplate connected via a copper-alloy header to a 7-m long copper-alloy pipe...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1988
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0981-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0981-0
... Galvanic corrosion predictions for heat exchanger tube/tubesheet galvanic couples are presented and discussed. The predictions were performed using finite element analysis using two programs, WECAN and MARC, and by Wagner number analysis under conditions of secondary and tertiary current...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1984
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0203-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0203-3
... niobium tantalum-base alloys niobium-base alloys service life corrosion resistance acid resistance tests hydrogen embrittlement anodic protection heat exchangers vessels cathodic protection platinized niobium getters furnace ware surgical implants Robert H. Burns, ^ Fred S. Shuker, Jr...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1983
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0230-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0230-9
... pollutants and the major methods of control are reviewed. air pollution contaminants public health regulations air pollution control dust control ventilation heat exchangers David Lord^ Indoor Air Pollution, Energy Conservation, and the Use of Building Materials REFERENCE: Lord, David...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1981
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0745-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0745-8
... Zirconium tubed heat transfer equipment has been used successfully in the viscose rayon process since 1970. Heating coils are used to heat sulfuric acid solutions to 373 K, shell-and-tube and bayonet heat exchangers to heat spinning baths to 343 K, and thermosiphon evaporators to remove water...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1980
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0331-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0331-3
... with the type and rate of actual corrosion mechanism (pitting, crevice attack, intergranular corrosion), they should not be used for lifetime predictions. corrosion tests aluminum heat exchangers pitting crevice corrosion intergranular corrosion R. C. Donvard' Evaluating the Corrosion Resistance...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1976
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0586-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0586-7
... Thermal fatigue of mild steel has received little attention until recently even though this material is used extensively in heat exchangers for gas-fired appliances. A survey of the thermal fatigue problem of thin shell mild steel structures subjected to arbitrary temperature fields is given...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1976
ISBN-10: 0-8031-6199-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-6199-3
... Pitting problems have been encountered in titanium tubes in heat exchangers handling hot saturated brines. These pits appear to be of two types. One type results in symmetrical holes about one-fourth inch diameter. These are associated with scratches in which iron is found to have been smeared...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0538-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0538-6
... This is a general discussion of liquefied natural gas, sources of supply, costs of gas, and a description of the process most commonly used for base-load liquefied natural gas facilities. The cryogenic heat exchanger and materials for pipe, fittings, valves, equipment, and hardware...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1937
ISBN-10: 0-8031-6198-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-6198-6
... The beneficial aspects of cleaning stainless steel condenser and other heat exchanger tubing are well known. Chemical or manual cleaning, which is usually performed after tubes have become dirty, requires a complete or partial plant shutdown, and both of these methods are rather inefficient...