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Keywords: freeze-thaw
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2021
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7718-5
... additive manufacturing (AM) 3D-printed mortar freeze-thaw interlayer adhesion viscosity buildability STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT FOR CEMENT AND CONCRETE FOR USE IN ADDITIVE CONSTRUCTION 99 STP 1636, 2021 / available online at www.astm.org / doi: 10.1520/STP163620200085 Kho P. Verian,1 Jarron Ashcroft,1...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2013
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7556-3
... used to investigate the effect of freezethaw cycles on the stiffness of unbound road base/subbase layers. Effects of freezethaw cycling on the mechanical behavior of three gradations (coarse, medium, fine) of recycled materials were systematically evaluated to determine how climatic factors and aging...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2013
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7556-3
... The hydraulic conductivity of silty till increases when the till is subjected to freezethaw cycles. A dramatic increase normally occurs after the first freezethaw cycle, and the magnitude generally depends on the initial or molding water content. Freezing of silty till causes aggregations...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3419-5
... to ensure freeze-thaw resistance of ternary concrete containing ordinary portland cement (OPC), 20 % of fly ash (FA), and 5 % of silica fume (SF). It was observed that, due to adverse effect of high superplasticizer dosage on air-void system quality (particularly on specific surface), the majority of high...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3419-5
... containing fly ashes with various AEA demands. These mixtures are evaluated for changes in AEA demand with water reducer, mixing temperature, fly ash replacement level, and type of AEA. freeze-thaw concrete durability quality control admixtures air entrainment M. Tyler Ley1 Reprinted from JAI...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2010
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3419-5
... Specifications relating to frost resistance of concrete are generally based on laboratory tests of laboratory-produced concrete. Quality control for laboratory-produced concrete is usually significantly better than what can be achieved in the field, and laboratory freeze-thaw tests generally...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2007
ISBN-10: 0-8031-4492-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-4492-7
... of travertine on buildings, and provides guidance on how to successfully design travertine on buildings. This paper also provides information that will help to clear up the preconceived notions and mischaracterizations of travertine. travertine marble limestone freeze-thaw flexural strength modulus...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2005
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3489-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3489-8
... This research project aims to use reactive powder concrete, RPC. as a new repair material and evaluate its bond strength and bond durability to existing concrete. One accelerated aging environment, namely a freeze-thaw cycle acceleration deterioration test, was selected for the evaluation...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3481-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3481-2
... method developed here appears to be useful for evaluating the effects of freeze-thaw on backfill materials for utility trenches. Additional work is needed to demonstrate whether these laboratory results correspond to actual field conditions. fly ash gas permeability freeze-thaw utility lines...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3484-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3484-3
... slightly with an increasing number of freeze-thaw cycles. It is shown that under the conditions examined, the GCL performed very well. geosynthetic clay liners arctic diesel jet fuel hydraulic conductivity freeze-thaw Journal of ASTM International, Feb. 2004, VoL 1, No. 2 Paper ID JAIl 1741...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2497-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2497-4
... tolerant fungi freeze-thaw wind loading snow accumulation defibering salts Janet D. Hughes 1 Conservation Investigation for Preservation of a Historic Timber Hut in Antarctica Reference: Hughes, J. D., "Conservation Investigation for Preservation of a Historic Timber Hut in Antarctica," Wood...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2856-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2856-9
... The importance of weathering of building stone is becoming widely recognized, and there is a need in modern thin stone design (less than 2 inches) to be able to estimate their durability. Stone deterioration processes include a number of agents, including salts, air pollution, freeze-thaw...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2470-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2470-7
... An investigation was made to study the suitability of using coal fly ash-stabilized sand mixtures as capping materials for sanitary landfills. Sand mixtures stabilized with 15 and 20 percent Class C fly ash were investigated. Compaction, permeability, unconfined compressive strength, freeze-thaw...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2044-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2044-0
... of the silicone attached granite panel. The structural silicone adhesives were found to be unaffected by the freeze-thaw cycling experienced by the panels. Ultimate performance of the aged composite panels were essentially unchanged from the initial performance. Flexural strength of the granite was found to have...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2037-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2037-2
... to: a control set (no freeze-thaw treatment), and prism sets for 5, 10 and 25 freeze-thaw cycles. Each freeze-thaw cycle consisted of water saturation, draining, freezing for 12 h, and thawing at room temperature. Flexural bond strength data were obtained from 30 joints per prism set, in accordance with ASTM...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1442-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1442-5
... Several laboratory studies have shown that the hydraulic conductivity of compacted clay may increase up to three orders of magnitude when subjected to freeze-thaw. In this paper, methods to freeze and thaw specimens of compacted clay are reviewed and compared. Methods to measure the hydraulic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1442-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1442-5
... not correlate well with hydraulic conductivity. However, high material strength appeared to increase resistance to freeze-thaw effects, thus demonstrating resistance to deterioration of the desired low permeability. Compositional variations such as proportion of surface reactive agents, water to cement ratio...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1881-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1881-2
... with the inclusion of petroleum contaminated soils. petroleum contaminated soils hot mix asphalt solid waste recycling stability durability freeze-thaw wet-dry hydraulic conductivity Namunu J. Meegoda 1, Robert T. Mueller2, De-Rong Huang3, Bonnie H. DuBose3, Yaoqing Chen3 and Kuen-Yuan Chuang3...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1988
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1164-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1164-6
.... anchorage anchor holes bond breakers caulking cleaning epoxy finish freeze-thaw granite jointing limestone marble natural stone panels permeability precast concrete properties repair responsibilities safety factors samples sandwich panels shear capacity shop drawings sizes thickness...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1987
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0970-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0970-4
... of the United States; thus a robust formulation was required to maintain product homogeneity and integrity for storage in a wide range of climatic conditions. formulations freeze-thaw herbicides imazaquin liquid handling properties pH stability freezing point depressant cold temperature storage...