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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2022
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7727-7
... As part of accepted practice in sustainable concrete production, a high percentage of cement is commonly replaced with waste materials such as fly ash. This practice has only recently been investigated for use with grout in concrete masonry unit (CMU) construction. An initial comprehensive...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7671-3
... In this paper, we show a new technique to characterize fly ashes using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Chemical composition of millions of points is measured by SEM–energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and plotted in a ternary frequency plot. This new and straightforward way of displaying...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Monographs
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2014
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7044-5
... Elemental analysis of coal, coke, fly ash, and related products is discussed in detail with examples of multi-element multi-technique analysis of these products. elemental analysis coal coke fly ash mercury sulfur radioactivity 5 Elemental Analysis of Coal, Coke, and Fly Ash COAL...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7540-2
... afforded by additives such as fly ash and organoclays. The objective of this study is to examine the sorption levels of naphthalene to several cement-treated soil mixtures with and without organic additives (i.e., fly ash and organoclay) using batch testing. It is found that the sorption values...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7540-2
... The aim of this study was to determine the possibility of using fly ash for the solidification/stabilization (S/S) of Ni and Zn contaminated sediment from the Krivaja river basin (Serbia), which represents an extraordinary risk to the environment and belongs to the last quality class...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7543-3
... The objective of the research was to determine if fly ash not meeting ASTM C618 can be used successfully in an aggregate-lime fly ash-stabilized base course (ALFASB). The Tennessee Dept. of Transportation (TDOT) Specification 312 for ALFASB includes hydrated lime, fly ash, and TDOT grading C...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2012
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7543-3
... of properly screened LKD to act as a mineral filler, and the presence of fly ash in the dust that provides potential pozzolans for applications where strength is important. This paper explores the important properties of lime kiln dust and how these properties can be used in a variety of applications...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3481-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3481-2
... is a function of the bentonite content of the foundry sand, to general, as the bentonite content of the foundry sand increases, the water content of the mixture should increase correspondingly. The amount of fly ash has only a modest effect on the amount of water required. The most important factor affecting...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3481-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3481-2
... Mine stabilization with coal combustion by-products such as fly ash is common throughout the United States. However, the use of the dry scrubber ash as opposed to fly ash has created some unique challenges in permitting and monitoring. The dry scrubber ash is a mixture of fly ash and residue...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3481-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3481-2
... with Type F fly ash. Our work also examined the susceptibility of these materials to frost heave and thaw weakening. An apparatus and standard test method for performing permeability during freezing and after subsequent thawing did not exist. We developed a method by adapting the ASTM Standard Test Method...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2002
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3450-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3450-8
... in fly ash modified mortars and stuccos, and specifications have been written that limit the amount of fly ash that can be added to a mortar. By combining expertise in masonry with expertise in pozzolans, we have worked with masons and plasterers to develop a line of high-pozzolan masonry cements, mortar...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2873-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2873-6
... Deterioration of concrete structures due to reinforcement corrosion because of chloride ingress is a growing problem in many countries throughout the world. Partial replacement of portland cement by mineral additions, such as ground granulated blast furnace (GGBS), silica fume and fly ash...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2618-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2618-3
... Little Scary Creek (LSC), a 2nd-order tributary of the Kanawha River in West Virginia, receives treated fly ash produced during coal combustion. Selenium and other trace metals were determined in water column and sediment samples, caddisflies, and bluegill sunfish liver and gonads during 1995–96...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2477-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2477-6
.... controlled low-strength material (CLSM) K-Krete CDF flowable fill fly ash backfill void filling test methods Jennifer L. Hitch ~ TEST METHODS FOR CONTROLLED LOW-STRENGTH MATERIAL (CLSM): PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE REFERENCE: Hitch, J. L., "Test Methods for Controlled Low-Strength Material (CLSM...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2477-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2477-6
... A controlled low-strength material (CLSM) has been successfully used in two microtunneling applications. This CLSM, developed at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station (WES), is a mixture of ASTM Class C fly ash, ASTM Type I portland cement, bentonite, and water. The CLSM was first...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2477-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2477-6
.... CLSM buried pipe field installation fly ash compressive strength Young's modulus backfill trench flowable fill Mark C. Webb, ~ Timothy J. McGrath, 2 Ernest T. Selig 3 FIELD TEST OF BURIED PIPE WITH CLSM BACKFILL REFERENCE: Webb, M. C., McGrath, T. J., and Selig, E. T., "Field Test of Buried...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2477-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2477-6
... fill backfill modulus of soil reaction bedding factor triaxial testing fly ash Timothy J. McGrath I and Robert J. Hoopes2 BEDDING FACTORS AND E' VALUES FOR BURIED PIPE INSTALLATIONS BACKFILLED WITH AIR-MODIFIED CLSM REFERENCE: McGrath, T. J. and Hoopes, R. J., "Bedding Factors and E' Values...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2477-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2477-6
... specification is suggested based on the consensus of the ones reviewed. Flowable fill flowable mortar controlled low-strength material backfill fly ash Eugene H. Riggs' and Roy H. Keck2 SPECIFICATIONS AND USE OF CONTROLLED LOW-STRENGTH MATERIAL BY STATE TRANSPORTATION AGENCIES REFERENCE: Riggs, E...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2492-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2492-9
... The use of asphalt emulsion with hot lime slurry in cold in-place recycled (CIR) mixtures was evaluated as an alternative to the use of conventional asphalt emulsions (AE) or class C fly ash. Reclaimed asphalt pavement was mixed with 1.5% AE, 8% and 12% class C fly ash, 1.5% AE with 1.5...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2470-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2470-7
... A laboratory study is described in which the engineering properties of subgrade soils were modified by treatment with fly ash derived from low-sulfur western coal. A wide range of soil types including gravel-sand, silty sand, sandy silt, and highly plastic clay exhibited substantial improvements...