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Keywords: fire safety
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2023
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7731-4
... Time-resolved mass loss rate (MLR) is a calculated quantity used in fire safety science as a surrogate for the burning rate across various scales and standardized testing procedures. MLR data is generally characterized by a high degree of noise and is often smoothed when presented in literature...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2021
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7698-0
... compatibility ASTM G74 fire safety oxygen nonmetal ignition enthalpy FLAMMABILITY AND SENSITIVITY OF MATERIALS IN OXYGEN-ENRICHED ATMOSPHERES: 15TH VOLUME 181 STP 1626, 2021 / available online at www.astm.org / doi: 10.1520/STP162620200028 Maria Ryan,1 Theodore A. Steinberg,1 Barry Newton,2 and Hollie...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2021
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7698-0
... the energy released from the PTFE samples at a given pressure. Therefore, a kindling chain reaction would be more likely to occur from the ignition of a Nylon 6/6 material. gaseous fluid impact adiabatic compression ignition kindling chain ASTM G74 nonmetal fire safety FLAMMABILITY...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7637-9
.... This research is currently ongoing. Future work will validate the model experimentally before determining maximum safe compression rates to prevent the ignition of different classes of nonmetallic materials. The significance of this research is to increase the fire safety of oxygen systems by establishing...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2006
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3405-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3405-8
... are particularly noteworthy considering that the International Space Station employs CO 2 as fire extinguishers; our results suggest that helium may be a better suppressant agent on both mass and mole bases at microgravity even though CO 2 is much better on a mole basis at earth gravity. fire safety flame...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2620-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2620-6
... Since ASTM adopted its guide to the writing of fire hazard assessment standards, there have been several initiatives aimed at producing an actual standard for a specific product class and occupancy. I have been the leader in several of them, from a draft for fire safety in rail cars to a draft...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2620-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2620-6
... are referenced. Experience with developing this product has identified several obstacles in the evolution of performance-based fire safety codes. Proposals are suggested for considering these obstacles as opportunities for ASTM standards development. ASTM codes and standards fire safety life safety...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2401-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2401-1
... fire safety hydrogen methane intra-abdominal surgery George W. Sidebotham, 1Frank Cantelmi, ~Douglas M. Stoffa,~Elie Fried, 2 and Gerald L. Wolt~ FLAMMABILITY OF INTESTINAL GASES DURING NITROUS OXIDE ANESTHESIA REFERENCE: Sidebotham, G.W., Cantelmi, E, Stoffa, D.M., Fried, E., and Wolf, G.L...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1447-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1447-0
... Fire risk rating schedules (FRRS) are heuristic models of fire safety. They constitute various processes of modeling and scoring fire hazards and other risk parameters to produce a rapid and simple estimate of relative risk. Selected examples of FRRSs are briefly described to illustrate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1992
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1447-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1447-0
.... Entry into the system was voluntary during the first years of activity; participation became mandatory when the savings became clear and no significant opposition was present. The method relies on the understanding of equivalency concepts for code compliance. measurement equivalency fire safety...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1991
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1461-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1461-6
... environment and thereby support the second flame type (secondary jet diffusion flame). If the LOI is exceeded outside the tube, an extraluminal flame (the third flame type) can occur, and be supported by natural convection. flame spread underventilated endotracheal tube oxygen index fire safety...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1990
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1386-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1386-2
.... The tests demonstrated that mechanical pressurization of the elevator shaft or lobbies can be effective in preventing smoke contamination of these shafts and lobbies. elevator pressure smoke control testing fire safety weather high rise George T. Tamurs and John H. Klotez Experimental Fire...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1988
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0992-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0992-6
... and for planning fire safety improvements. Estimating the extent of future fire events is now largely dependent on experienced judgment; a sound mathematical model can provide better, more reliable answers. The desirability of such a model is also shown by ASTM Committee E-5's fire risk analysis development...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1985
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0426-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0426-6
.... engineering fire safety fire protection engineering mathematical methods technology technology transfer Harold E. Nelson^ The Potential of Scientifically Based Fire Protection Engineering? REFERENCE: Nelson, H. E., "The Potential of Scientifically Based Fire Protection Engineering?" Fi're 5o/efv...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1985
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0426-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0426-6
... and disadvantageous interactions are offered. Fire safety performance interacts with all other aspects and is distinguished by not being part of the day-to-day environment. All fire safety problems cannot be solved by the application of conventional elements of fire safety technology, and, therefore, the performance...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1983
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0214-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0214-9
... system. The end result is that both systems complement each other and were never intended to replace one another. fire protection fire resistant materials steel construction sprinkler building codes fire safety fire resistive coatings Gregory T. Anderson^ Automatic Sprinklers Versus Direct...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1983
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0260-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0260-6
... It is shown that traditional fire test methods have in many cases represented physical models of real prototype fires. The results of applying them serve in a significant way to predict the behavior of a prototype system when exposed to fire. Consequently, the fire safety community has thought...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1982
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0724-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0724-3
... the results of fire tests were used. These results were found to be lacking, and new standards giving better data are advocated. fire protection fires fire resistance fire tests fire growth fire spread fire safety probability analysis fire risk assessment and stochastic processes W. C. T...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1982
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0724-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0724-3
..., and determination of the potential for harm are discussed. fire risk fire risk assessment fire hazard fire safety H. J. Roux^ A Discussion of Fire Risk Assessment REFERENCE: Roux, H. J., "A Discussion of Hue Risi< Assessment," Fire Risk Assessment, ASTM STP 762, G. T. Castino and T. Z. Harmathy, Eds...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1981
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0606-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0606-2
... Conflicts between fire safety and security for buildings arise from the public official's demands that a building incorporate sufficient safeguards to protect the public from fire, while the occupant's primary interest may lie in protecting himself from personal attacks and his property from...