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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2022
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7712-3
... The 82-story-tall Amoco building (now Aon Center) in Chicago, Illinois, was originally clad with approximately 44,000 marble panels. After the marble lost significant strength from exposure to the weather, all of the marble panels were removed and replaced with granite panels. During the design...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2021
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7710-9
... Protection Agency (EPA) during Superfund investigations (activity-based sampling), by industrial hygienists to determine the appropriateness of different types of personal protective equipment (exposure assessments), and in litigation to investigate the possible significance of historical exposures (work...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2019
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7673-7
... Chronic exposures to toxic combustion products found in the fireground environment are believed to contribute significantly to the higher rates of cancers experienced by firefighters. When used during fire suppression and overhaul stages, the self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) protects...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2886-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2886-6
... A probabilistic analysis of exposure and effect data was used to identify chemicals most likely responsible for ecological risk. The mean and standard deviation of the natural log-transformed chemical data were used to estimate the probability of exposure for an area of concern and a reference...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2866-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2866-8
... conclusions. barometric pressure bioaerosols carbon monoxide (CO) carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) exposure formaldehyde ozone (O 3 ) particulate matter quality assurance semi-volatile organic compound (SVOC) total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) volatile organic compound (VOC) Niren L. Nagda...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2616-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2616-9
... to accurately predict airborne exposure concentrations. Adjustable parameters (i.e. fudge factors) are not required. asbestos measurement analytical method soils bulk materials risk assessment site assessment exposure sensitivity precision emissions dispersion modeling dust D. Wayne...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2618-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2618-3
... Bisphenol-a is an estrogenic compound which is a degradation product of the polymer bisphenol-a glycidyl methacrylate (BIS-GMA) used in dental materials. Human exposure to bisphenol-a may also arise from epoxy resins used as coatings in food and beverage cans. Bisphenol-a is an industrial...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2030-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2030-3
... the coefficient of variation of concentration (standard deviation/mean) throughout the volume becomes less than 0.1. We show that, with this definition, the assumption of uniform mixing for the entire volume may not lead to serious errors in predictions of exposures if t γ > > ( t α + t β...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2030-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2030-3
... assessment related to activity patterns and health effects of pollutants are not discussed. source testing risk assessment exposure IAQ modeling source modeling Leslie E. Sparks, l Lars Mr 2 and Sten Dueholm 3 Source Testing and Data Analysis for Exposure and Risk Assessment of Indoor Pollutant...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2048-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2048-8
... identified by comparison of the factor analysis results with information in the Canadian Indoor Source Profile database and the scientific literature. organics occurrence Canadian residential indoor air sources factor analysis exposure Rein Otson 1 Vapor-Phase Organic Compounds in Canadian...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1863-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1863-8
... Surface temperatures for a series of colored specimens were determined under typical exterior exposure and laboratory accelerated test conditions. The temperature separation of colored specimens exposed outdoors depends primarily on the total solar irradiance. Linear regression models can...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1863-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1863-8
... extremely difficult is the variation in the materials tested. accelerated weathering exposure geotextile geosynthetic ultraviolet light L. DAVID SUITS i ACCELERATED WEATHERING OF GEOSYNTHETICS REFERENCE: Suits, L D., "Accelerated Weathering of Geosynthetlcs." Accelerated and Outdoor.Durability...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1863-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1863-8
... the spectral energy distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation in indoor exposure test scenarios. solar ultraviolet radiation UV-B radiometers ozone exposure weathering outdoor exposure indoor exposure testing Gene A. Zerlaut I SOLAR ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION: ASPECTS OF IMPORTANCE...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1485-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1485-2
... Chlorophyll fluorescence has been used extensively as a tool to investigate photosynthetic events, screen for photosynthetic mutants, evaluate the impact of toxic substances and other stresses on photosynthetić function, and to detect exposure to various hazardous materials. The method is rapid...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1485-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1485-2
... avian field studies. Abandonment of the encyclopedic approach to field studie must be accompanied by focused assessment of appropriate exposure and nazard endpoints. The research challenge is to provide a sound basis for the identification and evaluation of appropriate biomarkers for terrestrial...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1873-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1873-7
... of the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System was used to collect athletic exposures and injury data. The results of this study were, for the most part, inconsistent with the previous studies that were analyzed, showing the need for further studies with good epidemiologic data. Only...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1875-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1875-1
... The assessment of environmental tobacco smoke exposure is complicated by the presence of significant amounts of organic material in both the gas and the particulate phase and by changes in the relative composition of the two phases with time. An understanding of both the chemical nature of fresh...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1875-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1875-1
... of these models are presented that provide some validation of the theory. indoor air quality adsorption desorption sorption filtration multi-zone model exposure James W. A x l e y I and David Lorenzetti 1 Sorption Transport Models for Indoor Air Quality Analysis REFERENCE: Axley, J. W...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1875-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1875-1
... Individual exposure to air pollutants is determined by the behavior of indoor sources and sinks and activity patterns. This paper discusses a model that allows analysis of individual exposure for a wide range of sources and sinks. Emphasis of the discussion is on exposures to volatile organic...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1993
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1875-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1875-1
... This paper reports on a demonstration study of the use of dispersion and exposure modeling to estimate carcinogenic risk to residents of the South Coast Air Quality Management District from benzene emitted into the atmosphere from outdoor sources. Exposures in indoor and outdoor environments...