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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2000
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2497-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2497-4
... during the building process. authenticity conservation restoration traditional construction techniques wood log construction log pillar wooden shingles Maija Kairamo l The Restoration of Sodankyl~i Old Church 1992-1995 Reference: Kairamo, M., "The Restoration of Sodankyl~i Old Church...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2606-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2606-0
... Conservation, strengthening and restoration of Architectural Heritage require first of all a full understanding of the structural behaviour, of the materials characteristics and of the causes of decay and damage. Then safety levels can be evaluated and remedial measures decided. Unfortunately...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... to show how the Standards are applied during project work to achieve differing practical and interpretive ends, and, in so doing, reveals some of the more problematic and challenging aspects of treatment. conservation cultural resources historic preservation designation National Register...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... A strategic management framework to establish different standards for conservation depending on their level of abstraction is proposed. According to a model developed by one of the authors, the problems that decision-makers must solve vary depending on the system level at which...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... Although architects, developers, conservators, scientists, historians, politicians, and city officials have been in the forefront of the preservation movement, it is the conservation engineer who possesses the knowledge and skills necessary to solve many of the special problems associated...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... The conservation of historic stained glass windows in America requires highly specialized expertise. The stained glass condition analysis must cover all of the materials of a stained glass window, that is, glass, came, decorative treatments, supports, frames, and protective materials...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... that the decorative terra cotta, stone, and metal elements of the four facades would be retained and used as part of the new Phase II facades. The authors' firm was asked to provide consulting services for the conservation, preservation, repair, and restoration of the salvaged terra cotta, stone, and metal elements...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... context; and the final section focuses on the importance of retaining and preserving twentieth-century materials and systems. building materials building products building systems historic preservation twentieth-century architecture documentation conservation preservation recent past...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2006-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2006-8
... Recently, there has been a growing awareness of environmental issues as they relate to the conservation of building facades. Specifically, there is a need to properly dispose of the waste created when cleaning or stripping paint from historic buildings. Regulations do exist to govern...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1983
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0230-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0230-9
... is that the annual thermal load for all surfaces above or below grade may be calculated using the same average annual air temperature. economic analysis thermal insulation conservation solar heating solar energy life-cycle cost economic analysis residential buildings thermal insulation air...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1981
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0760-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0760-1
... with these other professions in light of the difficulties is the theme of this paper. science law politics fact theory hypothesis food technology conservation pesticides library research biological science graduates sloganeering cooperation advocacy compromise vertebrate pest control /. R...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1980
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0607-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0607-9
... is caulked. The data indicate a general parabolic dependence of infiltration on wind (and a linear dependence on temperature difference) with consistently lower values of infiltration rate for the board-sheathed home than for the caulked home. energy conservation air infiltration mobile homes...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... demand. Also, in the past 3 years our annual deficit in the mineral balance of trade has increased from only $6 billion in 1972 to $24 biilion in 1974. If this trend is not reversed it will approach $100 billion by the year 2000. We must begin now to conserve our natural resources or we may very well...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... than arbitrarily imposed incentive/disincentive plans, should determine how long the transition takes. It could be speeded, however, if several present disincentives to materials recovery and reuse were removed. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural resources E. M. Estes...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... aspect of the municipal solid waste management program. A plea is made for a “fairness” doctrine and more openess in the procurement process. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural resources J. G. AberP Procurement and Contracting REFERENCE: Abert, J. G., "Procurement...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
.... As the implementation effort has matured, it has become apparent that technology and markets are not the only problems. The other problems include economics, marketing, financing, management, and complex legal issues. This paper addresses these issues. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
.... The extent to which this program has been successful in promoting the implementation of resource recovery systems by state and local governments and by the private sector is discussed. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural resources J. H. Skinner 1 Demonstration of Systems...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... operate on size, density, magnetism, lift/drag, electrical conductance, and light reflectance to achieve separation. The materials so recovered can be utilized by industry as raw materials, thereby conserving natural resources. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural resources J. F...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... future. conservation reclamation materials recovery natural resources H. V. M a k a r ~and R. S. DeCesare' Unit Operations for Nonferrous Metals Recovery* REFERENCE: Makar, H. V. and DeCesare, R. S., "Unit Operations for Nonferrous Metals Recovery," Resource Recovery and Utilization, ASTM STP...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1975
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0558-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0558-4
... and aluminum (because they have not been incinerated they do not contain copper). Densification of the detinned steel produces a premium furnace feed. Alternatively, the unprocessed scrap can be used in amounts ranging up to 10 percent of the cast iron or steel produced. conservation reclamation...