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Keywords: biomechanics
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eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2020
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7694-2
... boots: biomechanics and injury reduction, textiles and leather of the upper (foot covering portion of the boot), boot water and vapor management, and general design requirements. A research and development plan, written with input and support from all involved stakeholders, guided the effort. The plan...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2018
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7657-7
... This chapter begins with providing an overview of the history and development of various orthopedic trauma devices, including dynamic compression plates, limited contact dynamic compression plates, and intramedullary nails. It then transitions into a discussion of the specific biomechanical...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2011
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7511-2
... Video recordings of a ski slope were used in combination with a video-based tracking software to analyze the riding behavior of skiers and snowboarders. It was shown that the methodology is a powerful tool to measure biomechanical parameters such as the speed and curve radii of individual skiers...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3482-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3482-9
... laboratories retained by both the defendant and plaintiff; (e) technical considerations (the biomechanics of walking mishaps, the pathophysiologic consequences of injuries and surgeries, et al); and (f) the author's opinion, to wit, that the plaintiffs detailed description of the alleged incident...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3473-8
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3473-7
... biomechanical parameters, especially among developing hockey players. However, there is evidence to suggest that the potential confounding effects of height and weight should be considered in such biomechanical evaluations. Considering the range of variability for the height and weight of ten year-old children...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2004
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3471-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3471-3
... Cartilage injury often results in matrix degradation and in secondary osteoarthritis. This study was designed to correlate cell death and matrix degradation with biomechanical properties of cartilage. Full-thickness mature bovine femoral articular cartilage was harvested as 5 mm diameter...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3463-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3463-8
... conclude that the mechanical properties of the intervertebral disc are not sufficiently defined and further testing is warranted. biomechanics lumbar spine intervertebral disc mechanical properties David B. Spenciner x, P.E., James A. Paiva 1, and Joseph J. Crisco, Ph.D. 2 Testing of Human...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3463-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3463-8
... Spinal instrumentation is commonly used to stabilize the multi-level strut- grafted cervical spine. There are no standard tissue-based testing protocols for evaluating spinal devices. An improved biomechanical testing protocol was developed to study the strut-graft mechanics of the instrumented...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3459-2
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3459-1
...!), polymer and serum. Arthroplasty Biomechanics Bone Resorption Corrosion Crevice Corrosion Fretting Foreign-Body Reaction Hip Prosthesis Macrophages Metals Microscopy Electron Middle Age Particle Size Polymethylmethacrylate Steel Stainless Dieter Wirz 1, Bruno Zurfluh2, Beat...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1999
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2612-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2612-1
... muscular conditions, may lead to an ACL rupture. ACL injury backward fall BIAD biomechanics EMG knee injury muscle activity alpine skiing Mirko Barone, 1 Veit Senner, 2 and Peter Schaff 3 ACL Injury Mechanism in Alpine Skiing: Analysis of an Accidental ACL Rupture REFERENCE: Barone, M...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2403-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2403-5
... of 20–50 microstrain can easily be obtained. Some preliminary results are presented showing the sensitivity of the results obtained to the contact force between the extensometer and the specimen. strain measurement extensometer soft materials biomechanics soft tissues Nigel Shrive, 1 Erich...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2403-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2403-5
..., results demonstrated that small changes in the alignment of the knee joint have a great influence on the stress pattern of the proximal tibia. thermoelastic stress analysis biomechanics tibia knee joint Koji Hyodo,t Masahiro Yamada,2 and Tetsuya TateishP THERMOELASTIC STRESS ANALYSIS...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0429-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0429-7
... children experience incidence of tibial fractures six to nine times greater than adults during alpine skiing. age factors bending biomechanics electrical nerve stimulation energy absorbing capacity fracture muscle loading skiing injuries Arne Ekeland 1 and Lars Nordsletten 2 Muscle...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0429-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0429-7
... transducer were computed with the method and were found to be large enough to suggest that these errors must be accounted for during in vivo tests. ultrasound kinematics joint mechanics motion analysis soft tissue motion biomechanics M. T. Friedrich I and C. D. Mote, JF. 2 Automatic Tracking...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0429-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0429-7
... stimulates muscle activity and may protect the knee—in particular the ACL. biomechanics skiing knee injury ACL injury backward fall ski boot EMG muscle activity Mirko D. O. Barone, 1 Veit Senner, 2 Peter Schaff 2 and Bernd Rosemeyer 3 Muscle Activity During the Backward Fall Protection...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0429-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0429-7
...-induced anterior drawer biomechanics dynamic analysis Jonathan D. Webster 1 and Christopher A. Brown I Computer Simulation of the Loads on the ACL During Backward Falls Based on an Open Kinematic Chain Model REFERENCE: Webster, J. D. and Brown, C. A., "Computer Simulation of the Loads on the ACL...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-0429-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-0429-7
... ski bindings are smaller than the release torques recommended by snow ski binding release standards. water ski water ski bindings release/retention release tests epidemiology biomechanics injuries skiing safety water ski binding design instrumentation Raymond Merala I and R. L...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1897-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1897-3
... fixation internal fixation biomechanics Sadatoshi Kate,' Loren L. Latta, 1 and Theodore Malinin,' THE WEAKEST LINK IN THE BONE - PLATE - FRACI'URE SYSTEM; CHANGES WITH TIME REFERENCE: Kato, S., Latta, L. L., and Malinin, T., "The Weakest Link in the Bone - Plate - Fracture System; Changes with Time...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1897-X
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1897-3
..., but all fixation systems incrested in strength and stiffness with intact soft tissues. Lateral plates were comparable in strength and stiffness to dorsal plates in dorsal bending only when soft tissues were intact. Fracture fixation hand fractures internal fixation external fixation biomechanics...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1994
ISBN-10: 0-8031-1894-5
ISBN: 978-0-8031-1894-2
.... The applicability of the model to the bone is also discussed and the orientational dependence of the viscoelastic characteristics of the bone is determined. biomechanics compact bone viscoelasticity split-Hopkinson pressure-bar (SHPB) technique stress wave propagation inverse problem Yuji Tanabe...