1-20 of 30
Keywords: adjuvants
Close
Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2018
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7649-2
... to bare soil or to wheat. Maximum tomato injury from dicamba volatility was observed 14 days after initial exposure. Adjuvants in the spray solution could increase or decrease herbicide volatility. The diglycolamine salt of dicamba was applied to two different soils in greenhouse studies. Volatility...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7635-5
... weed control from glyphosate (no adjuvant formulation) applied with non-ammonium sulfate (AMS) water conditioning (WC) adjuvants in distilled water and water with 1,000 ppm hardness. WC adjuvants were applied as recommended at 0.4 % to 1.25 % v/v and compared to treatment standards. Velvetleaf...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7635-5
...-than-normal spray pressures on two typical aerial application nozzles in the presence of a formulated herbicide spray solution, with and without additional adjuvants. Generally, the spray solution effects followed trends seen in previous studies, with crop oil-containing adjuvants resulting...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7619-5
... Glyphosate and dicamba are weak acid herbicides that can bind with antagonistic salts in the spray carrier. Ammonium sulfate (AMS) is commonly used as an adjuvant with glyphosate to enhance activity and overcome antagonistic salts. Dicamba use in resistant soybean will restrict addition of AMS...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2013
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7544-0
... Studies were conducted in 2009–2011 in ND, NE, KS, and IL to evaluate phytotoxicity from glyphosate (no adjuvant formulation) applied with commercial acidic ammonium sulfate (AMS) replacement (AAR) adjuvants in distilled water and in water with 1000 ppm hardness. Commercial AAR adjuvants were...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2009
ISBN: 978-0-8031-7506-8
... Multiple experiments using low volume aerial applications with nine different adjuvants in combination with fungicide were conducted to compare coverage, droplet spectra, yield, and disease control. Four locations were scattered over three states: Arkansas, Kansas, and Illinois. Four aircraft...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2008
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3403-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3403-4
... The effects of adjuvants on spreading of small droplets after spray application and of larger drops with volumes in the microliter range was studied. The characterization of spreading as affected by adjuvants is done often with lab tests on artificial surfaces. In these tests much larger drops...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2008
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3403-7
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3403-4
... of these studies was to determine the influence of eight spray adjuvants on the droplet size spectrum produced by two nozzles in a high-speed wind tunnel when characterized using three different droplet size measurement systems. The adjuvant, nozzles, and airspeeds used in these studies are commonly used by aerial...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3453-3
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3453-9
... Commercial air inclusion and standard flat fan nozzles were used to examine some solutions containing either blank formulation components or adjuvants. Droplet-size (Dv 0.5 ) measurements and corresponding retention and field studies were made. In-flight temporal sampling revealed...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2003
ISBN-10: 0-8031-3468-1
ISBN: 978-0-8031-3468-3
... Application techniques, spray adjuvants, buffer zones, and windbreaks are all important tools for management of spray drift. However, a wide variety of vegetative types may be used for both buffer zones and windbreaks and therefore it is expected that these might capture the driftable fraction...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2891-6
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2891-0
... This paper describes studies that were conducted to investigate the effects of different surfactant and emulsion adjuvant chemistries and formulations on spray characteristics and drift potential of a commercial herbicide. Previous research has shown that surfactant, emulsion, and polymer...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2877-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2877-4
... The potential of selected surfactants and other adjuvants to increase cuticular penetration of foliar applied active ingredients was investigated under defined environmental conditions (RH, T). The herbicide cyanazine and the weak acid NAA were selected as model compounds. The time course...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2877-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2877-4
... Many agricultural spray adjuvants utilize one or more organosilicone surfactants in their composition. These materials have been shown to provide biological efficacy enhancement to agrichemicals and/or correct spray application problems. Commercial adjuvant products that utilize organosilicone...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 2001
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2877-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2877-4
... Many groups of nonionic surfactants, such as alkylphenol ethoxylates, linear alcohol ethoxylates, sorbitan derivatives and block copolymers have been used as tank mix adjuvants and in pesticide formulations. These surfactants are widely used in spreader-sticker-wetter type adjuvants, and crop...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1998
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2491-0
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2491-2
... The literature on the effects of active ingredients, adjuvants and surface active agents on the droplet size of agricultural sprays is reviewed. The effects of various agricultural adjuvants on the droplet size distributions of a herbicide sprayed in a wind tunnel simulating an aerial...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2469-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2469-1
... Adjuvants are increasingly used as a means of reducing pesticides in the environment by providing biological enhancement. Incorporation of adjuvants with the active ingredients can produce added value and product differentiation. Examples of solid forms of adjuvants that can provide multiple...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2469-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2469-1
... and redroot pigweed, with high HLB LAE to green foxtail and with low HLB LAE to kochia. Neither droplet spread nor surfactant phytotoxicity correlated with glyphosate or imazethapyr efficacy. Adjuvants droplet spread glyphosate herbicide efficacy HLB imazethapyr F r a n k A. Manthey, 1 E d w a r...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1997
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2469-4
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2469-1
... of glyphosate and fluazifop-P phytotoxicity. adjuvants scanning electron micrographs spray deposit John D. Nalewaja 1 and Robert Matysiak1 LINEAR ALCOHOL ETHOXYLATES AFFECT GLYPHOSATE AND FLUAZlFOP-P DEPOSITS REFERENCE: Nalewaja, J. D., and Matysiak, R., "Linear Alcohol Ethoxylates Affect Glyphosate...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2007-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2007-5
... Many pesticides of both synthetic and biological origin undergo UV-induced photodegradation, resulting in reduced efficacy. Efficacy can also be reduced by rain washoff of the active ingredient. A tank mix additive (adjuvant) which functions as a UV protectant and rainfast agent would provide...
eBook Chapter
Series: ASTM Select Technical Papers
Publisher: ASTM International
Published: 1996
ISBN-10: 0-8031-2007-9
ISBN: 978-0-8031-2007-5
... Specific dearomatized hydrocarbon fractions with boiling ranges between 220 and 310°C can significantly increase the performance of active ingredients in certain herbicides, fungicides and insecticides when they are incorporated, in combination with surfactants, in the formulations (co-adjuvants...