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ASTM Manuals
Petroleum Refining and Natural Gas Processing
By
M. R. Riazi
M. R. Riazi
Editor
1
Professor
of Chemical Engineering at
Kuwait University
, and
consultant
and invited
speaker
to more than 50 oil companies and research institutions in Canada, the U.S., Europe, India, China, Malaysia, Australia, the Middle East and North Africa, including invited
speaker
to the
World Economic Forum
,
author/co-author
of more than 100 publications, including three books mainly in the areas of petroleum and chemical technology, founding and
Editor-in-Chief
of
IJOGC
and an
associate editor
of some other international journals, member of
AIChE
and the
Research Society of North America
Search for other works by this author on:
Semih Eser
Semih Eser
Editor
2
Professor
of Energy and Geo-Environmental Engineering at
Penn State University
, and teaches courses on petroleum refining and energy engineering at
John and Willie Department of Energy and Mineral Engineering
and directs the Carbon Materials Program at the
EMS Energy Institute
at
Penn
State
Search for other works by this author on:
Suresh S. Agrawal
Suresh S. Agrawal
Editor
3
Founder and president
of
Offsite Management Systems LLC
and a Bachelors Degree in Chemical Engineering from
Indian Institute of Technology (I.I.T.)
,
Mumbai,
IN
.
Search for other works by this author on:
José Luis Peña Díez
José Luis Peña Díez
Editor
4
Consultant
at the
Technology Center at Repsol
in
Madrid,
ES
, and
part-time associate professor
in chemical engineering at the
Rey Juan Carlos University
of
Madrid
, and
author
of forty technical articles and presentations at international conferences in the fields of petroleum fluids characterization, process engineering and control, and process simulation
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN:
978-0-8031-7022-3
No. of Pages:
828
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
2013

Modern refineries have to respond to stiffer competition, lower margins, and increasingly stringent product and environmental specifications. The application of information technology (IT) via computer-aided process operation systems has been a key to the survival of refineries in the present competitive age of globalized economy. This chapter purports to examine the increasing roles of computers in refineries and the resulting impacts on operation, safety, quality control, and overall profitability as discussed with respect to the related concepts, benefits, challenges, and present status of applications. The chapter concludes by shedding light on the remaining issues to be addressed in the increasing implementation of computerized systems in refineries, including the resulting human impact brought especially to the role of a person operator.

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