Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Dimension Stone Use in the Built Environment
By
Steven G. Naggatz
Steven G. Naggatz
Symposium Chair and STP Editor
1
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.
,
Chicago, IL,
US
Search for other works by this author on:
Charles J. Muehlbauer
Charles J. Muehlbauer
Symposium Chair and STP Editor
2
Natural Stone Institute
,
Oberlin, OH,
US
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN:
978-0-8031-7702-4
No. of Pages:
264
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
2021

Lightweight composite stone-faced honeycomb panels, typically consisting of nominally ¼ in. (6 mm) thick stone adhered to a honeycomb panel, have been successfully used in exterior cladding applications since the mid-1980s. However, as new manufacturers of these products are regularly introduced into the market, failures of these types of panels have occurred, revealing a need for quality-control standards for both the stone facing and composite panels. The stone facing typically does not contribute significantly to the strength of the composite; however, the selection of an inappropriate stone facing can lead to aesthetic and, potentially, life-safety concerns. This paper provides guidance on the selection of a thin stone facing for stone-faced honeycomb composite panels and a review of a mid-rise building where the stone facing used on a composite panel system exhibited rapid deterioration as a result of poor stone facing material selection. This paper also provides an approach for the evaluation of stone-faced honeycomb composite panels prior to selection for use as an exterior cladding, as there are a number of panel attributes that vary by manufacturer that can significantly affect the strength and durability of these panels. A stone-faced honeycomb composite panel failure that resulted from unanticipated panel warping is also presented. The information provided in this paper provides a recommended framework for establishing ASTM guidelines or minimum requirements for the stone facing to be used in these thin veneer applications, as well as for the stone-faced honeycomb composite panels.

1.
Kneezel
D. S.
and
Scheffler
M. J.
, “
Stone-Faced Aluminum Honeycomb Composites—Quality Control and Testing
” (paper presentation, RCI 29th International Convention and Trade Show,
Anaheim, CA
, March 20–25,
2014
).
2.
Standard Specification for Marble Dimension Stone
, ASTM C503-15 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved December 1,
2015
),
3.
Standard Specification for Limestone Dimension Stone
, ASTM C568-15 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved December 1,
2015
),
4.
Standard Specification for Granite Dimension Stone
, ASTM C615-18 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved September 1,
2018
),
5.
Standard Specification for Quartz-Based Dimension Stone
, ASTM C616-15 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved December 1,
2015
),
6.
Standard Specification for Travertine Dimension Stone
, ASTM C1527-11 (
2018
) (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved January 1,
2018
),
7.
Standard Test Method for Core Shear Properties of Sandwich Constructions by Beam Flexure
, ASTM C393/C393M-16 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved April 1,
2016
),
8.
Standard Test Method for Flatwise Tensile Strength of Sandwich Constructions
, ASTM C297/C297M-16 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved April 1,
2016
),
9.
Standard Test Method for Strength of Individual Stone Anchorages in Dimension Stone
, ASTM C1354/C1354M-15 (
West Conshohocken, PA
:
ASTM International
, approved May 1,
2015
),
10.
Scheffler
M. J.
and
Kneezel
D. S.
, “
Testing of Composite Stone Faced Aluminum Honeycomb Panels
,”
Journal of ASTM International
4
, no.
7
(
2007
),
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal