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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Pervious Concrete
By
Heather J. Brown
Heather J. Brown
Symposium Co-Chairperson and STP Editor
1
MTSU/Concrete Industry Mgmt.
,
Murfreesboro, TN,
US
Search for other works by this author on:
Matthew Offenberg
Matthew Offenberg
Symposium Co-Chairperson and STP Editor
2
W. R. Grace
,
Canton, GA,
US
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN:
978-0-8031-7537-2
No. of Pages:
114
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
2012

ASTM C1688-08 currently contains only a single-operator standard deviation for the density criterion for determining allowable range. The adequacy of this criterion was put to the test in recent research undertaken for the Tennessee Concrete Association (TCA). Twenty replications of three pervious mixtures were used. The control mixture had 356-kg/m3 (600-lb/yd3) of cementing materials with a 0.3 w/cm ratio, 1533-kg/m3 (2584-lb/yd3) of No. 89 limestone coarse aggregate and no fine aggregate. The second mixture had 3.5 % river sand replacement of the coarse aggregate (by total aggregate volume) and a 0.31 w/cm ratio. The third mixture had 7 % river sand in the combined aggregate gradation and a w/cm ratio of 0.32. Coarse aggregate content was reduced to accommodate the changes in the second and third mixtures. Twenty replications of each TCA mixture yielded coefficients of variation of ASTM C1688 density values of 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7 %, respectively for the control mixture, the 3.5 % sand mixture, and the 7 % sand mixture. All three mixtures met current allowable ASTM C1688 range criteria based on ASTM C670-03 multipliers. However, the variability in density increased substantially as sand and w/cm ratios were increased, possibly indicating that the variability criterion for density may need to be revised. Other findings include a good correlation between C1688 voids and pervious properties such as effective (water accessible) voids (ASTM D7063-05) and compressive strength (ASTM C39-06) indicating that C1688 voids may be useful as a mix design and adjustment tool. Twenty replications of each TCA mixture yielded coefficients of variation of ASTM C1688 void values of 1.1, 2.5, and 3.6 %, respectively, for the control mixture, 3.5 % sand mixture, and 7 % sand mixture. Information on compressive strength and effective void variability is also provided.

1.
ASTM C1688-08,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Density and Void Content of Freshly Mixed Pervious Concrete
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
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2.
Medley
,
M. L.
, II,
2010
, “
Pervious Concrete Mixture Design by the Unit Weight Method
,” M.Sc. thesis,
Tennessee Technological Univ.
, Cooke-ville, TN 38505.
3.
Hendrix
,
J. P.
,
2011
, “
Utilizing TCA Mix Design and Adjustment Method to Improve Pervious Concrete
,” M.Sc. thesis,
Tennessee Technological Univ.
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4.
ASTM C33/C33M-08,
2009
, “
Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
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,
ASTM International
,
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, pp. 1–12.
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7.
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8.
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11.
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12.
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,”
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,
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,
Smith
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,
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,
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, and
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, “
Pervious PCC Compressive Strength in the Laboratory and the Field: The Effects of Aggregate Properties and Compactive Effort
,”
NRMCA Concrete Technology Forum: Focus on Pervious Concrete
, May
2006
.
15.
Tennis
,
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,
Lemming
,
M.
, and
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, “
Pervious Concrete Pavements
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Portland Cement Association
, Skokie, IL, and
National Ready Mixed Concrete Association
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16.
Mahboub
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K. C.
,
Canler
,
J.
,
Rathbone
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,
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,
T.
, and
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Pervious Concrete: Compaction and Aggregate Gradation
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, pp. 523–528.
17.
Green in Practice 107 – Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCMs)
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18.
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19.
Bury
,
M.
,
Mawby
,
C.
, and
Fisher
,
D.
, “
Making Pervious Concrete Placement Easy Using a Novel Admixture System
,”
2006 Concrete Technology Forum
, National Ready Mixed Concrete Association,
2006
.
20.
McCain
G.
and
Dewoolkar
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M.
, “
Porous Concrete Pavements: Mechanical and Hydraulic Properties
,”
TRB 2010 Annual Meeting
.
21.
ASTM C150-09,
2010
, “
Standard Specification for Portland Cement
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.01
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 155.
22.
ASTM C618-08a,
2009
, “
Standard Specification for Coal Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolans for Use in Concrete
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 331.
23.
ASTM C117-04,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Materials Finer than 75 lm (No. 200) Sieve in Mineral Aggregates by Washing
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 65.
24.
ASTM C136-06,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Sieve Analysis of Fine and Coarse Aggregates
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 93.
25.
ASTM C127-07,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 76.
26.
ASTM C192/C192M-07,
2009
, “
Standard Practice for Making and Curing Concrete Test Specimens in the Laboratory
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 136.
27.
ASTM C42-04,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Obtaining and Testing Drilled Cores and Sawed Beams of Concrete
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 32.
28.
ASTM D7063-05,
2010
, “
Standard Test Method for Effective Porosity and Effective Air Voids of Compacted Bituminous Paving Mixture Samples
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.03
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 918.
29.
ASTM C617-09,
2009
, “
Standard Practice for Capping Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 326.
30.
ASTM C39-05,
2009
, “
Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 23.
31.
ASTM C670-03,
2009
, “
Standard Practice for Preparing Precision and Bias Statements for Test Methods for Construction Materials
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
04.02
,
ASTM International
,
West Conshohocken, PA
, p. 355.
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