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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Building Facade Maintenance, Repair, and Inspection
By
JL Erdly
JL Erdly
1
Masonry Preservation Systems, Inc.
?
Bloomsburg, PA
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TA Schwartz
TA Schwartz
2
Simpson Gumpertz & Heger, Inc.
?
Waltham, MA
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ISBN-10:
0-8031-3475-4
ISBN:
978-0-8031-3475-1
No. of Pages:
334
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
2004

In Chicago, IL, there are hundreds of high-rise buildings that were constructed starting in the 1890s. The exterior facade on these buildings includes terra cotta panels, thick stone panels, thin stone panels, brick veneer, precast concrete, poured-in-place concrete, steel panels, aluminum panels, and glass/aluminum curtain wall. After pieces of a terra cotta facade fell from a building in 1974 and killed a pedestrian, Chicago prepared its 1978 facade inspection. This ordinance was the first facade inspection ordinance in the United States. This ordinance was subsequently repealed. Due to subsequent facade failures, Chicago prepared its 1996 facade ordinance and amended this ordinance in 2000, 2001, and 2002. The amended ordinance is currently the most comprehensive facade ordinance in the United States. Approximately 70% of eligible buildings in Chicago have complied with the ordinance. This paper presents information on the evolution and development of the ordinance.

1.
Lowe
,
David
, “
The Great Chicago Fire
,”
Dover Publications, Inc.
,
New York, NY
,
1979
, p. 1.
2.
Randal
,
Frank A.
, “
History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago
”,
University of Illinois Press
,
Urbana and Chicago, IL
,
1999
, p. 11.
3.
Randal
,
Frank A.
, “
History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago
,” Second Edition,
University of Illinois Press
,
1999
, p. 12.
4.
Loop Building Tile Falls, Kills Woman
,” Chicago Tribune,
23
10
1974
.
5.
Guidelines for the Critical Examination of Building Exterior Walls and Enclosures as Required in Subsections 78-3(e), 78-3(f), and 78-3(g), Building Exterior Walls and Enclosures
,” published in
Journal - City Council - Chicago, Illinois
,
13
09
1978
, pages 8357 and 8358,
G-1
.
6.
Journal - City Council - Chicago, Illinois
,
13
09
1978
, p. 8357.
7.
Guidelines for the Critical Examination of Building Exterior Walls and Enclosures
,” published in
Journal - City Council - Chicago, Illinois
,
13
09
1978
, p. 8357 and 8358,
G-2
.
8.
Journal -City Council-Chicago, Illinois
,
10
08
1979
, p. 687.
9.
It's Not Only Mercury That's Falling in Loop
,”
Chicago Sun Times
,
10
08
1994
.
10.
Fatal Glass Accident Prompts City Probe
,”
Chicago Sun Times
,
09
10
1999
.
11.
Loop Facade Breaks Off; No One Hurt
,”
Chicago Sun Times
,
03
07
2000
.
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