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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Hydraulic Failure Analysis: Fluids, Components, and System Effects
By
GE Totten
GE Totten
1
Union Carbide Corporation
?
Tarrytown, NY,
USA
Symposium Co-Chairman and Editor
Search for other works by this author on:
DK Wills
DK Wills
2
Sauer-Danfoss
?
Ames, IA,
USA
Symposium Co-Chairman and Editor
Search for other works by this author on:
DG Feldmann
DG Feldmann
3
Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg
?
Hamburg,
Germany
Symposium Co-Chairman and Editor
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ISBN-10:
0-8031-2883-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-2883-5
No. of Pages:
611
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
2001

Hydraulic piston pump failures may be related to either hardware or fluid problems. In some cases, apparent hardware failures have been traced to various fluid problems. In this paper, selected examples of pump failures will be provided to illustrate some common modes of axial piston pump failures. In most cases, these will represent actual failures including: misalignment, insufficient fluid lubrication, particle contamination, brinelling, corrosion, and cavitation. Various examples of these and other pump failure modes are provided.

1.
Feldmann
,
D.
,
Hinrichs
,
M.
,
Kessler
,
M.
, and
Nottrodt
,
J.
, “
Ermittlung der Anwendungseigenschaften von Biologisch Schnell Abbaubaren Hydraulikflüssigkeiten durch Labortests
,”
Industrial and Automotive Lubrication, 11th Int. Colloquium at Techniche Akademie Esslingen
,
1998
, M-2952-S.
2.
Xie
,
L.
,
Bishop
,
R. J.
, and
Totten
,
G. E.
, “
Bench and Pump Testing of Hydraulic Fluids
”, Chapter 10 in
Handbook of Hydraulic Fluid Technology
, Ed.,
Totten
G. E.
,
Marcel Dekker, Inc.
,
New York
,
1999
, pp. 523–575.
3.
Rolling Bearing Damage: Recognition of Damage and Bearing Inspection
,” Bulletin No. 82 102/2EA, FAG OEM and Handel AG.
4.
Lemberger
,
S.
, and
Totten
,
G. E.
, “
Failure Analysis
,” Chapter 12 in
Handbook of Hydraulic Fluid Technology
, Ed.,
Totten
G. E.
,
Marcel Dekker, Inc.
,
New York
,
1999
, pp. 601–673.
5.
Totten
,
G. E.
, and
Bishop
,
R. J.
, “
The Hydraulic Pump Inlet Condition: Impact on Hydraulic Pump Cavitation Potential
”, SAE Technical Paper Series, Paper Number 1999-01-1877.
6.
Totten
,
G. E.
,
Webster
,
G. M.
, and
Yeaple
,
F. D.
, “
Physical Properties and Their Determination
”, Chapter 4 in
Handbook of Hydraulic Fluid Technology
, Ed.,
Totten
G. E.
,
Marcel Dekker, Inc.
,
New York
,
1999
, pp. 195–304.
7.
Hodges
,
P.
,
Hydraulic Fluids
,
John Wiley & Sons Inc.
,
New York
,
1996
.
8.
Wedeven
,
L. D.
, and
Ludema
,
K. C.
, “
Lubrication Fundamentals
,” Chapter 6 in
Handbook of Hydraulic Fluid Technology
, Ed.,
Totten
G. E.
,
Marcel Dekker, Inc.
,
New York
,
1999
, pp. 339–392.
9.
Sasaki
,
A.
, “
A Study of Hydraulic Valve Problems
,”
Lubr. Eng.
 0024-7154
1989
,
45
(
3
), pp. 140–146.
10.
Sasaki
,
A.
, “
A Review of Contamination Related Hydraulic Pump Problems in ing, Extrusion and Rubber Molding Industries
,” in
Tribology of Hydraulic Pump Testing—STP 1310
, Ed.,
Totten
G. E.
,
Kling
G. H.
, and
Smolenski
D. J.
,
American Society for Testing and Materials
;
Conshohocken, PA
,
1996
, pp. 277–287.
11.
Backé
,
W.
, and
Lipphardt
,
P.
, “
Influence of Dispersed Air on the Pressure Medium
,”
Proc. Contamination in Fluid Power Systems
,
C97/76
,
1997
, pp. 77–84.
12.
Roberten
,
R. S.
, and
Allen
,
J. M.
, “
Study of Oil Performance in Numerically Controlled Hydraulic Systems
”,
Proc. Natl. Conf. Fluid Power, Annual Meeting 30th
, Vol.
28
,
1974
, pp. 435–454.
13.
Koch
,
R.
, “
Remedy to Black Oil Problems in Centrifugal Pumps with Ball Bearings
”,
Lub. Eng.
 0024-7154, Vol.
55
, No.
5
,
1999
, pp. 17–20.
14.
Damage Analysis—The INA Damage Archives
”, Bulletin No. 204 802-7, INA Walzlager Schaeffler KG, D-91072 Herzogenaurach, Germany.
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