Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Standards for Preservation and Rehabilitation
By
SJ Kelley, AIA, SE
SJ Kelley, AIA, SE
1
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.
,
Chicago, IL 60606
;
editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-2006-0
ISBN:
978-0-8031-2006-8
No. of Pages:
454
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1996

When restoring historic structures, a paramount concern is maintaining the integrity and character of the original structure. When original materials cannot be retained, replacement materials must be introduced. In this case, the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects require that, “In the event replacement [of original material] is necessary, the new material should match the material being replaced in composition, design, color, texture, and other visual qualities.” For historic brick masonry structures, this means finding brick that provides the color, texture, size, and shape of the original brick. This paper discusses a means of selecting replacement brick for historic structure rehabilitation projects. The issues most important for a successful replication of the original brick masonry are addressed. The process is one that has applications to the selection of many building materials for historic structure repair projects.

1.
Bidwell
,
T. G.
,
Conservation of Brick Buildings; The Repair, Alteration, and Restoration of Old Brickwork
,
Brick Development Association
,
London
,
1977
.
2.
London
,
M.
,
Respectful Rehabilitation; Masonry; How to Care for Old and Historic Brick and Stone
,
The Preservation Press, National Trust for Historic Preservation
,
Washington, DC
,
1988
.
3.
Nash
,
W. G.
,
Brickwork Repair and Restoration, Attic Books
,
The Folly, Rhosgoch
,
Painscastle, Builth Wells, Powys, UK
,
1986
.
4.
Sowden
,
A. M.
,
The Maintenance of Brick and Stone Masonry Structures
,
E. & F.N. Spon, Van Nostrand Reinhold
,
New York
,
1990
.
5.
Livingston
,
R. A.
,
Fitz
,
S.
, and
Baer
,
N. S.
, “
The NATO-CCMS Pilot Study on the Conservation of Brick Monuments
,”
Proceedings
, Fifth North American Masonry Conference,
Abrams
D. P.
, Ed.,
The Masonry Society
,
Boulder, CO
,
1990
, pp. 805–812.
6.
Brownell
,
W. E.
,
Structural Clay Products
,
Springer-Verlag
,
New York
,
1976
.
7.
Gurcke
,
K.
,
Bricks and Brickmaking; A Handbook for Historical Archaeology
,
University of Idaho Press
,
Moscow, ID
,
1987
.
8.
McKee
,
H. J.
,
Introduction to Early American Masonry; Stone, Brick, Mortar, and Plaster
,
National Trust for Historic Preservation
,
Washington, DC
,
1973
.
9.
Brick Sales and Marketing Report
,
Brick Institute of America
, Reston, VA,
1993
.
10.
Salvaged Brick
,”
Technical Notes on Brick Construction
, No. 15 Revised,
Brick Institute of America
,
Reston, VA
,
05
1988
.
11.
Directory of Brick Manufacturers
,
Brick Institute of America
,
Reston, VA
,
1993
.
12.
Baker
,
I. O.
,
A Treatise on Masonry Construction
,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1904
.
13.
Subasic
,
C. A.
and
Borchelt
,
J. G.
, “
Clay and Shale Brick Material Properties: A Statistical Report
,”
Proceedings
, Sixth North American Masonry Conference,
Hamid
A.
and
Harris
H.
, Eds.,
The Masonry Society
,
Boulder, CO
,
1993
, pp. 283–294.
14.
Livingston
,
R. A.
, “
Geochemical Methods Applied to the Reproduction of Handmolded Brick
,”
Proceedings
, 8th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference,
deCourcy
J. W.
, Ed.,
Elsevier Applied Science
,
New York
,
09
1988
, pp. 83–91.
15.
Weldon
,
B.
, “
The Arts and Mysteries of the Colonial Brickmaker
,”
Colonial Williamsburg
,
The Journal of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
, Williamsburg, VA, Summer
1990
, pp. 7–15.
16.
Baker
,
L. R.
and
Jessop
,
E. L.
, “
Moisture Movement in Clay Brickwork: A Review
,”
The International Journal of Masonry Construction
, Vol.
2
, No.
3
,
1982
, pp. 103–109.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal