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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Standards for Preservation and Rehabilitation
By
SJ Kelley, AIA, SE
SJ Kelley, AIA, SE
1
Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.
,
Chicago, IL 60606
;
editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-2006-0
ISBN:
978-0-8031-2006-8
No. of Pages:
454
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1996

The Hôtel du Breuil St. Germain in Langres is a town house constructed in the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, now used as a museum. The architectural study for restoration of the house began with archival research and archaeological investigation. It was essential to understand the chronology of construction of the house, including both sixteenth and eighteenth century construction and alterations made during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, before a program for the restoration could be designed. It was decided to retain the eighteenth century work as well as the original sixteenth century house in the restoration. The restoration of the garden was included in the program after sketches of the original planting scheme were discovered during the archival research.

The Marché à Reims (Reims Market) is a thin-shell, catenary barrel vaulted structure composed of reinforced concrete. It was constructed in 1927 and designed by engineer Eugene Freyssinet, a pioneer in the use of reinforced concrete, with architect Emile Maigrot. Mr. Gatier's investigative methodology for this structure included archaeological as well as architectural and structural study. Archival research included the study of old photographs showing the construction process. These photos permitted the investigators to understand the original form marks found in the concrete. The selected restoration technique will retain these original marks of construction.

Through these case studies, Mr. Gatier will address the theme that whether restoration deals with old or modern structures the same methodology is required. There is no gap between preservation of the old and the new. And only with appropriate archival research and archaeological investigation can the restoration be properly designed.

1.
Gatier
,
P.-A.
,
Historic Structure Report
, Breuil de St. Germain Mansion, Ministry of Culture, Communication and Public Works, Patrimony Department, Paris,
05
1992
, (unpublished).
2.
Androuet du Cerceau
,
J.
,
Livre d'Architecture contenant les plans et dessaings de 50 baftimens tous differens
, Paris,
1589
.
3.
Serlio
,
S.
, “
Delle habitationi di tutti li gradi degli homini
,”
Treaty on Architecture
, Volume
6
,
Avery Library
,
New York
,
1540
.
4.
Androuet du Cerceau
,
J.
,
Book of Architecture
, Paris,
1559
.
5.
Babelon
,
J. P.
, “
Du Grand Ferrare a Carnavalet—Naissance de l'Hotel Classique
,”
Revue de l'Art
, pp. 83–108.
6.
Chastel
,
A.
, “
La maison de ville a la Renaissance, (recherche sur l'Habitat en Europe au XV et XVI)
,”
Centre d'Etudes Superieures de la Renaissance, Actes du Colloque
,
Tours
,
Paris
, 10–14 May 1983.
7.
Marcel
L. E.
,
Chanoine
, “
l'Hotel du Breuil de St. Germain
,”
Memoire de la Societe Historique et Archeologique de Langres
, Vol.
IV
,
1909
, pp. 215–259.
8.
Perouse de Montclos
,
J. -M.
,
Histoire de L'Architecture Francaise de la Renaissance a la Revolution
,
Editions Menges
,
Paris
,
1989
.
9.
Gatier
,
P.-A.
Historic Structure Report
,
General Study Reims Central Market, Ministry of Culture, Communication and Public Works, Patrimony Department
, Paris,
07
1991
, (unpublished).
10.
Reims Central Market, Ministry of Culture, Communication and Public Works, Patrimony Department
, Paris,
09
1992
, (unpublished).
11.
Caseau
,
M.
, “
Vilème Section, Reims Réunion du 27 Nov. 1927
,” Bulletin de l'Association des Ames de l'Ecole des Travaux Publics,
01
1928
, p. 24.
12.
Margret
,
E.
,
Halles Centrales et Marché, Notice Descriptive
,
Limousin et Campagnie
,
Paris
,
12
1926
, p. 24.
13.
Bedarida
,
M.
and
Rigaud
,
O.
,
Reims: Reconstruction 1920–1930
,
Reims
,
1988
.
14.
Lemoine
,
H.
and
Xercavins
,
P.
,
Eugene Freyssinet—Un Amour Sans Limite
, (notes by B. Marrey),
Editions du Linteau
,
Paris
,
1993
.
15.
Deswarte
,
S.
and
Lemoine
,
B.
,
L'Architecture et les Ingeniers; Deux Siecle de Construction
, Collection of “
Architecture: Les Hommes
,”
Editions du Moniteur
,
Paris
,
1979
.
16.
Coney
,
W. B.
, ''
Preservation of Historic Concrete; Problems and General Approaches
,''
Preservation Briefs
, No. 15, U.S. Dept. of the Interior,
National Park Service, Rocky Mountain Regional Office, Division of Cultural Resources
.
Washington, DC
,
1993
.
17.
Deneux
,
H.
, “
Les Halles de Reims
,”
L'Architecture
, Vol.
XLI
, No.
7
,
15
07
1928
, pp. 223–224.
18.
Mainstone
,
R. J.
,
Developments in Structural Form
,
The MIT Press
,
Cambridge, MA
,
1983
.
19.
Institut Francais d'Architecture (IFA-AN)
,
Archives d'Architecture du Vingtieme Siecle
,
Fonds Emile Maigrot
,
Paris
, (not inventoried).
20.
Forestier
,
M.
, “
Construction des Halles Centrales de Reims
,”
La Technique des Travaux
,
01
1928
, pp. 21–27.
21.
Forestier
,
M.
, “
Les Halles Centrale de Reims
,”
La Technique des Travaux
, No.
2
,
02
1929
, pp. 81–90
22.
Lavedan
,
P.
, “
Les Halles de Reims, plans et planches
,”
L'Architecture
, Vol.
XLIV
, No.
2
,
15
02
1931
, pp. 49–60.
23.
Causse-Fouqueray
,
L.
, “
Eugene Freyssinet et les Halles Centrales de Reims
,”
Connaissance des Ouvrages d'Art
, No.
1
,
1986
, pp. 13–19.
24.
Fernandez-Ordonez
,
J. A.
,
Eugene Freyssinet
,
2 C Editiones
,
Barcelona
,
1978
, French-English ed.,
1979
.
25.
Reinforced Concrete: Ideologies and Forms from Hennebique to Hilberseimer
,”
Rassegna 49
,
Ravenal
L.
,
Culot
M.
, and
Delhumeau
G.
. Eds., Vol.
XIV
,
49/1
, Milan,
03
1992
.
26.
Fonds, Henri Deneux, Ministère de la Culture, Service des Archives Photographiques, DNX 2586N.
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