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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Testing
By
JR Kearns
JR Kearns
1
Allegheny Ludlum Corporation
,
Backenridge, PA
;
symposium co-chair and co-editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
BJ Little
BJ Little
2
Naval Research Laboratory, Stennis Space Center
,
MS
;
symposium co-chair and co-editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1892-9
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1892-8
No. of Pages:
312
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1994

Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) has received increasing attention from engineers, materials scientists, and corrosion specialists. In field and laboratory studies, basic surface analytical examinations must be correlated to knowledge of the overall corroding system in order to conclude the presence of MIC. Preliminary observations and microbiological, chemical, microscopic, and metallurgical techniques are discussed.

1.
Characklis
,
W. G.
and
Marshall
,
K. C.
Biofilms: A Basis for an Interdisciplinary Approach
, ”
Biofilms
,
Wiley Interscience
,
New York, NY
,
1990
, p. 4.
2.
Ehrlich
,
H. L.
and
Brierly
,
C. L.
,
Microbial Mineral Recovery
,
McGraw-Hill
,
New York, NY
,
1990
.
3.
Characklis
,
W.
,
Turakhia
,
M.
, and
Zelver
,
N.
, “
Transport and Interfacial Transfer Phenomena
,”
Biofilms
,
Wiley Interscience
,
New York, NY
,
1990
, p. 265.
4.
Moreton
,
B. B.
and
Glover
,
T. G.
, “
New Marine Industry Applications for Corrosion and Bio- fouling Resistant, Copper-Nickel Alloys
,”
Biologia Marina
,
Graficas Orbe
,
Madrid, Spain
,
1980
, p. 267.
5.
Mansfeld
,
F.
and
Little
,
B.
, “
A Technical Review of Electrochemical Techniques Applied to Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
,”
Corrosion Science
 0010-938X, Vol.
3
,
1991
, p. 247.
6.
Corrosion Basics
,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1984
, p. 49.
7.
Borenstein
,
S. W.
, “
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion of Austenitic Stainless Steel Weld- ments
,”
Materials Performance
, Vol.
30
, No.
1
,
1991
, p. 52.
8.
Dowling
,
N.J.E.
,
Guezennec
,
J.
,
Bullen
,
J.
,
Little
,
B.
and
White
,
D. C.
, “
Effect of Photosynthetic Biofilms on the Open-Circuit Potential of Stainless Steel
,”
Biofouling
,
1992
, p. 6.
9.
Little
,
B.
,
Ray
,
R.
,
Wagner
,
P.
,
Lewandowski
,
Z.
,
Lee
,
W. C.
,
Characklis
,
W. G.
, and
Mansfeld
,
F.
, “
Impact of Biofouling on the Electrochemical Behaviour of 304 Stainless Steel in Natural Seawater
,”
Biofouling
, Vol.
3
,
1991
, p. 45.
10.
Borenstein
,
S. W.
, “
Why Does Microbially Influenced Corrosion Occur Preferentially at Welds?
” Proceedings, Corrosion/91, Paper 286,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1991
.
11.
Pope
,
D. H.
,
Duquette
,
D.
,
Wayner
,
P.
,
Johannes
,
A.
, and
Freeman
,
A.
,
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: A State-of-the-Art Review, Materials Technology Institute, MTI 13
,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1989
.
12.
Kobrin
,
G.
, “
Corrosion by Microbiological Organisms in Natural Waters
,”
Materials Performance
, Vol.
15
, No.
7
,
1976
, p. 38.
13.
Tatnall
,
R. E.
, “
Case Histories: Bacteria-Induced Corrosion
,” Proceedings, Corrosion/81, Paper 130,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1981
.
14.
Tatnall
,
R. E.
, “
Fundamentals of Bacteria-Induced Corrosion
,”
Materials Performance
, Vol.
20
, No.
9
,
1981
, p. 32.
15.
Costerton
,
J. W.
,
Geesey
,
G. G.
, and
Jones
,
P. A.
, “
Bacterial Biofilms in Relation to Internal Corrosion Monitoring and Biocide Strategies
,”
Materials Performance
, Vol.
27
, No.
4
,
1988
, p. 49.
16.
Maki
,
J. S.
,
Little
,
B. J.
,
Wagner
,
P.
, and
Mitchell
,
R.
, “
Biofilm Formation on Metal Surfaces in Antarctic Waters
,”
Biofouling
, Vol.
2
,
1992
, p. 27.
17.
Tunnicliffe
,
V
, “
Hydrothermal-Vent Communities of the Deep Sea
,”
American Scientist
, Vol.
80
, July–Aug., 1992, p. 336.
18.
Soracco
,
R. J.
,
Pope
D. H.
,
Eggars
,
J. M.
, and
Effinger
,
T. N.
, “
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Investigations in Electric Power Generating Stations
,” Proceedings, Corrosion/88, Paper 83,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1988
.
19.
Stoecker
,
J. G.
, “
Guide for the Investigation of Microbiologically Induced Corrosion
,”
Materials Performance
, Vol.
23
, No.
8
,
1984
, p. 48.
20.
Postgate
,
J. R.
,
The Sulphate Reducing Bacteria
,
Cambridge University Press
,
Cambridge, United Kingdom
,
1979
, p. 26.
21.
Little
,
B.
and
Wagner
,
P.
, “
Standard Practices in the United States for Quantifying and Qualifying Sulphate Reducing Bacteria in Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
,” Proceedings Symposium Redefining International Standards and Practices for the Oil and Gas Industry,
London, United Kingdom
, sponsor, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, TX,
1992
.
22.
American Petroleum Institute
,
API Recommended Practice for Biological Analysis of Subsurface Injection Waters
,
American Petroleum Institute (API)
,
New York, NY
,
1965
.
23.
Tatnall
,
R. E.
,
Stanton
,
K. M.
, and
Ebersole
,
R. C.
, “
Methods of Testing for the Presence of Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria
,” Proceedings, Corrosion/88, Paper 88,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1988
.
24.
Boivin
,
J.
,
Laishley
,
E. J.
,
Bryant
,
R. D.
, and
Costerton
,
J. W.
, “
The Influence of Enzyme Systems on MIC
,” Proceedings, Corrosion/90, Paper 128,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1990
.
25.
Pope
,
D. H.
, “
Development of Methods to Detect Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria Agents of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion
,” MTI 37,
Materials Technology Institute of the Chemical Process Industries, Inc.
, sponsor, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston, TX,
1990
.
26.
Hogan
,
J. J.
, “
A Rapid, Non-Radioactive DNA Probe for the Detection of SRBs
,” presented at the Institute of Gas Technology Symposium on Gas, Oil, Coal and Environmental Biotechnology,
New Orleans, LA
,
1990
.
27.
Littman
,
E. S.
, “
Oilfield Bactericide Parameters as Measured by ATP Analysis
,” Paper 5312,
International Symposium of Oilfield Chemistry, Preprints
,
Society of Petroleum Engineers of the American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers (AIME)
,
New York, NY
,
1975
, pp. 171–181.
28.
Rosser
,
H. R.
and
Hamilton
,
W. A.
, “
Simple Assay for Accurate Determination of [35S] Sulfate Reduction Activity
,”
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
 0099-2240, Vol.
45
,
1983
, p. 1956.
29.
Blunn
,
G.
, “
Biological Fouling of Copper and Copper Alloys
,”
Biodeterioration VI
,
CAB International
,
Slough, United Kingdom
,
1986
, p. 567.
30.
Little
,
B.
,
Wagner
,
P.
,
Ray
,
R.
, and
McNeil
,
M.
, “
Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in Copper and Nickel Seawater Piping Systems
,”
Marine Technology Society Journal
 0025-3324, Vol.
24
, No.
3
,
1990
, p. 10.
31.
Little
,
B.
,
Wagner
,
P.
,
Ray
,
R.
,
Pope
,
R.
, and
Scheetz
,
R.
, “
Biofilms: An ESEM Evaluation of Artifacts Introduced During SEM Preparation
,”
Journal of Industrial Microbiology
,
1991
, p. 213.
32.
McNeil
,
M. B.
,
Jones-Meehan
,
J.
, and
Little
,
B.J.
, “
Production of Sulfide Minerals by Sulfate Reducing Bacteria during Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion of Copper
,”
Corrosion
, Vol.
47
, No.
9
,
1991
, p. 674.
33.
Baak
,
J.
,
Thunnissen
,
F.
,
Oudejans
,
C.
, and
Schipper
,
N.
, “
Potential Clinical Uses of Laser Scan Microscopy
,”
Applied Optics
 0003-6935, Vol.
26
, No.
16
,
1987
, p. 3413.
34.
McCormick
,
D.
and
McCormick
,
L.
, “
Applications of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy to Biological Materials
,”
Biotechnology Laboratory
,
1990
, p. 55.
35.
Bremer
,
P.
,
Geesey
,
G.
, and
Drake
,
B.
, “
Atomic Force Microscopy Examination of the Topography of a Hydrated Bacterial Biofilm on a Copper Surface
,”
Current Microbiology
, Vol.
24
,
1992
, p. 223.
36.
Lee
,
R. N.
,
Norr
,
M. K.
,
Jacobus
,
O. J.
,
Little
,
B. J.
, and
Wagner
,
P. A.
, “
Composition Variations in Copper-Nickel Butt Welds
,”
Corrosion
, Vol.
47
, No.
8
,
1991
, p. 645.
37.
Baas-Becking
,
G. M.
and
Moore
,
D.
, “
Biogenic Sulfides
,”
Economic Geology
, Vol.
56
,
1961
, p. 259.
38.
Little
,
B.
Wagner
,
P.
, and
Jones-Meehan
,
J.
, “
Sulfur Isotope Fractionation by Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria in Corrosion Products
,”
Biofouling
, Vol.
6
,
1993
, p. 279.
39.
VanHoudt
,
P.
,
Lewandowski
,
Z.
, and
Little
,
B.
, “
Iridium Oxide pH Microelectrode
,”
Biotechnology and Bioengineering
 0006-3592, Vol.
40
,
1992
, p. 601.
40.
Kearns
,
J. R.
,
Clayton
,
C. R.
,
Halada
,
G. P.
,
Gillow
,
J. B.
, and
Francis
,
A. J.
, “
The Application of XPS to the Study of MIC
,” Proceedings, Corrosion/92, Paper 178,
National Association of Corrosion Engineers
,
Houston, TX
,
1992
.
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