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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Cyclic Deformation, Fracture, and Nondestructive Evaluation of Advanced Materials: Second Volume
By
MR Mitchell
MR Mitchell
1
Rockwell International Science Center
,
Thousand Oaks CA 91360
;
symposium chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
O Buck
O Buck
2
Iowa State University, Ames Laboratory
,
Ames, IA 50011
;
symposium chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1989-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1989-5
No. of Pages:
405
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1994

The static and dynamic response of fiber-reinforced composite coupons with various levels of fiber surface treatments was investigated using the classical approach of strain measurement (stiffness degradation using an extensometer), as well as a dynamic phase and dynamic gain (dynamic compliance) response measurement method proposed by Elahi et al. [1]. From the experimental results, the property data are shown to correlate with the classical method of damage monitoring and demonstrate the advantages of the phase and gain response analysis. The proposed approach makes it possible to monitor continuously the fatigue damage evolution in any material system in real time without the use of an extensometer or strain gages, making it an ideal candidate for studying damage under high temperature or extremely corrosive environments where the usage of extensometers is either not practical or not possible.

1.
Elahi
,
M.
,
Razvan
,
A.
, and
Reifsnider
,
K. L.
, “
Characterization of Composite Materials Dynamic Response Using Load/Stroke Frequency Response Measurement
,”
Composite Materials: Fatigue and Fracture
, ASTM STP 1156, Vol.
4
,
Stinchcomb
W. W.
and
Ashbaugh
N. E.
, Eds.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
1993
.
2.
Lorenzo
,
L.
and
Hahn
,
H. T.
, “
Fatigue Failure Mechanisms in Unidirectional Composites
,”
Composite Materials: Fatigue and Fracture
, ASTM STP 907,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1986
, pp. 210–232.
3.
Rotem
,
A.
, “
Fatigue and Residual Strength of Composite Laminates
,”
Engineering Fracture Mechanics
, Vol.
25
, No.
516
,
1986
, pp. 819–827.
4.
Tsai
,
S. W.
and
Hahn
,
H. T.
,
Introduction to Composite Materials
,
Technomic
,
Westport, CN
,
1980
.
5.
Talrefa
,
R.
,
Fatigue of Composite Materials
,
Technomic Publishing Co. Inc.
,
Westport, CN
,
1987
, Chapter 5.
6.
Herakovich
,
C. T.
, “
On the Relationship Between Engineering Properties and Delamination of Composite Materials
,”
Journal of Composite Materials
, Vol.
15
,
07
1981
, pp. 338–348.
7.
Razvan
,
A.
and
Reifsnider
,
K. L.
, “
Fiber Fracture and Strength Relationship in Unidirectional Graphite/Epoxy Composite Materials
,”
Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics
, Vol.
16
, No.
1
,
1991
, pp. 81–89.
8.
Piggot
,
M. R.
, “
The Interface—An Overview
,”
Proceedings
, 36th International SAMPE Symposium, 15–18 April 1991, pp. 1773–1786.
9.
Herakovich
,
C. T.
, “
Influence of Layer Thickness on the Strength of Angle-ply Laminates
,”
Journal of Composite Materials
, Vol.
16
,
05
1982
, pp. 216–227.
10.
Pagano
,
N. J.
and
Pipes
,
R. B.
, “
The Influence of Stacking Sequence on Laminate Strength
,”
Journal of Composite Materials
, Vol.
5
,
01
1971
, pp. 55–57.
11.
Razvan
,
A.
,
Bakis
,
C. E.
,
Wagnecz
,
L.
, and
Reifsnider
,
K. L.
, “
Influence of Cyclic Load Amplitude on Damage Accumulation and Fracture of Composite Laminates
,”
Journal of Composite Technology and Research
, Vol.
10
, No.
1
, Spring
1988
, pp. 3–10.
12.
Dan-Jumbo
,
E.
,
Zhou
,
S. G.
, and
Sun
,
C. T.
, “
Load-Frequency Effect on Fatigue Life of IMP6/APC-2 Thermoplastic Composite Laminates
,”
Advances in Thermoplastic Matrix Composite Materials
, ASTM STP 1044,
Newaz
G. M.
, Ed.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1989
, pp. 113–132.
13.
Curtis
,
D. C.
,
Moore
,
D. R.
,
Slater
,
B.
, and
Zahlan
,
N.
, “
Fatigue Testing of Multi-Angle Laminates of CF/PEEK
,”
Composites
, Vol.
19
, No.
6
,
11
1988
.
14.
Drzal
,
L. T.
,
Rich
,
M. J.
, and
Lloyd
,
P. F.
, “
Adhesion of Graphite Fibers to Epoxy Matrices: I. The Role of Fiber Surface Treatment
,”
Journal of Adhesion
 0021-8464, Vol.
16
, No.
1
,
1983
, pp.1–30.
15.
Drzal
,
L. T.
,
Rich
,
M. J.
, and
Koenig
,
M. F.
, “
Adhesion of Graphite Fibers to Epoxy Matrices: II. The Effect of Fiber Finish
,”
Journal of Adhesion
 0021-8464, Vol.
16
, No.
2
,
1983
, pp. 133–152.
16.
Madhukar
,
M. S.
and
Drzal
,
L. T.
, “
Effect of Fiber-Matrix Adhesion on the Longitudinal Compressive Properties of Graphite/Epoxy Composites
,”
Proceedings
,
Fifth Technical Conference of the American Society for Composites
,
1990
, pp. 849–858.
17.
Madhukar
,
M. S.
and
Drzal
,
L. T.
, “
Fiber-Matrix Adhesion and its Effects on Composite Mechanical Properties, I. In-Plane and Interlaminar Shear Behavior of Graphite/Epoxy Composites
,”
Journal of Composite Materials
, Vol.
25
,
08
1991
, pp. 932–957.
18.
Madhukar
,
M. S.
and
Drzal
,
L. T.
, “
Fiber-Matrix Adhesion and its Effects on Composite Mechanical Properties, II. Tensile and Flexural Behavior of Graphite/Epoxy Composites
,”
Journal of Composite Materials
, Vol.
25
,
08
1991
, pp. 958–991.
19.
Curtis
,
P. T.
and
Morton
,
J.
, “
The Effect of Fiber Surface Treatment on the Compressive Strength of CFRP Laminates
,”
Progress in Science and Engineering of Composites
,
Hayashi
T.
,
Kawata
K.
, and
Umekawa
S.
, Eds.,
ICCM-IV
,
1982
, pp. 219–226.
20.
Vincent
,
L.
,
Fiore
,
L.
, and
Fournier
,
P.
, “
Fatigue Behavior of GFRP: Some Considerations about Interfaces
,”
Developments in the Science and Technology of Composite Materials
: ECCM3,
Bunsell
A. R.
,
Lamicq
P.
, and
Massiah
A.
, Eds.,
1988
, pp. 609–614.
21.
Shih
,
G. C.
and
Ebert
,
L. J.
, “
The Effect of the Fiber/Matrix Interface on the Flexural Fatigue Performance of Unidirectional Fiberglass Composites
,”
Composites Science and Technology
, Vol.
28
,
1987
, pp. 137–161.
22.
Chua
,
P. S.
, “
Dynamic Mechanical Analysis Studies of the Interphase
,”
Polymer Composites
, Vol.
8
, No.
5
,
1987
, pp. 308–313.
23.
Banerjee
,
A.
,
Ogale
,
A. A.
, and
Edie
,
D. D.
, “
Interfacial Characterization of Composites by Dynamic Mechanical Analysis
,”
Tomorrow's Materials Today
, Proceedings of the 34th International SAMPE symposium,
1989
, pp. 1395–1399.
24.
Ke
,
Y.
,
Wang
,
S.
,
Meng
,
X.
,
Su
,
B.
,
Tian
,
X.
,
Qi
,
Z.
, and
Wu
,
R.
, “
Effects of Cyclic Loading on the Dynamic Viscoelastic Properties of Epoxy Composites
,”
Proceedings
, the International Symposium on Composite Materials and Structures,
Loo
T. T.
, and
Sun
C. T.
, Eds.,
1986
, pp. 676–681.
25.
Osiroff
,
R.
and
Stinchcomb
,
W. W.
, “
Damage Mechanical Analysis as a Complementary Damage Characterization Technique for Composite Materials
,”
Damage Detection and Quality Assurance in Composites
, ASTM STP 1128,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1991
.
26.
Swain
,
R. E.
, “
The Role of the Fiber/Matrix Interphase in the Static and Fatigue Behavior of Polymeric Matrix Composite Laminates
,” Doctor of Philosophy dissertation,
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
, Blacksburg, VA,
02
1992
.
27.
The Fundamentals of Signal Analysis
,” Application Note 243,
Hewlett Packard Co.
,
1989
.
28.
Aklonis
,
J. J.
and
Macknight
,
W. J.
,
Introduction to Polymer Viscoelasticity
, 2nd ed.,
Wiley-Interscience
,
New York
.
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