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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Advances in Multiaxial Fatigue
By
DL McDowell
DL McDowell
1
George M. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology
,
Atlanta, GA 30332-0405
;
symposium co-chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
JR Ellis
JR Ellis
2
NASA Lewis Research Center
,
MS 49/7, 21000 Brookpark Road, Cleveland, OH 44135
;
symposium co-chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1862-7
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1862-1
No. of Pages:
463
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1993

An investigation of thermomechanical testing and deformation ehavior of tubular specimens under torsional loading is described. Experimental issues concerning test accuracy and control specific to thermomechanical loadings under a torsional regime are discussed. A series of shear strain-controlled tests involving the nickel-base superalloy Hastelloy X were performed with various temperature excursions and compared to similar thermomechanical uniaxial tests. The concept and use of second invariants of the deviatoric stress and strain tensors as a means of comparing uniaxial and torsional deformations is presented and critiqued for its applicability to the present data. The hardening behavior of the torsional specimens is also briefly presented and discussed in light of previous thermomechanical tests conducted under uniaxial conditions.

1.
Castelli
,
M. G.
,
Miner
,
R. V.
, and
Robinson
,
D. N.
, “
Thermomechanical Deformation Behavior of a Dynamic Strain Aging Alloy, Hastelloy X
,”
Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Behavior of Materials, STP 1186
, in press,
Sehitoglu
H.
, Ed.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1993
, pp. 000–000.
2.
Murakami
,
S.
,
Kawai
,
M.
, and
Ohmi
,
Y.
, “
Effects of Amplitude-History and Temperature-History on Multiaxial Cyclic Behavior of Type 316 Stainless Steel
,”
Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Transactions of ASME
, Vol.
111
,
1989
, pp. 278–285.
3.
Bhattachar
,
V.
and
Stouffer
,
D. C.
, “
A Constitutive Model for the Thermomechanical Fatigue Response of René 80
,” Sixth TMF Workshop, 5–6 June 1991,
NASA LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
.
4.
Castelli
,
M. G.
and
Ellis
,
J. R.
, “
Improved Techniques for Thermomechanical Testing in Support of Deformation Modeling
,”
Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue Behavior of Materials
, in press,
Sehitoglu
H.
, Ed.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1993
, pp.
5.
Hopkins
,
S. W.
, “
Low-Cycle Thermal Mechanical Fatigue Testing
,”
Thermal Fatigue of Materials and Components, STP 612
,
Spera
D. A.
and
Mowbray
D. F.
, Eds.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1976
, pp. 157–169.
6.
Jones
,
W. B.
,
Schmale
,
D. T.
, and
Bourcier
,
R. J.
, “
A Test System for Computer-Controlled Thermomechanical Fatigue Testing
,” SAND-88-2183C,
Sandia National Laboratories
, Albuquerque, NM,
1988
.
7.
Ellis
,
J. R.
and
Robinson
,
R. N.
, “
Some Advances in Experimentation Supporting Development of Viscoplastic Constitutive Models
,” NASA CR-174855,
LeRC
, Cleveland, OH,
04
1985
.
8.
Jordan
,
E. H.
, “
Biaxial Thermo-Mechanical Fatigue
,”
Proceedings
, 4th Annual Hostile Environments and High Temperature Measurements Conference, 24–25 March 1987,
Windsor Locks, CT
,
Society for Experimental Mechanics
,
Bethel, CT
, pp. 1–6.
9.
Bonacuse
,
P. J.
and
Kalluri
,
S.
, “
Axial-Torsional Fatigue: A Study of Tubular Specimen Thickness Effects
,” NASA TM-103637,
LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
,
12
1990
.
10.
Ellis
,
J. R.
and
Bartolotta
,
P. A.
, “
Adjustable Induction Heating Coil
,”
NASA Tech Brief
, Vol.
14
, No.
11
,
11
1990
, p. 50.
11.
Miner
,
R. V.
and
Castelli
,
M. G.
, “
Hardening Mechanisms in a Dynamic Strain Aging Alloy, Hastelloy X, During Isothermal and Thermomechanical Cyclic Deformation
,”
Metallurgical Transactions
 0026-086X, Vol.
23A
,
02
1992
, pp. 551–562.
12.
Bartolotta
,
P. A.
and
McGaw
,
M. A.
, “
A High Temperature Fatigue and Structures Testing Facility
,” NASA TM-100151,
LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
,
08
1987
.
13.
Bonacuse
,
P. J.
and
Kalluri
,
S.
, “
Results of Inphase Axial-Torsional Fatigue Experiments on 304 Stainless Steel
,” NASA TM-101464,
LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
,
03
1989
.
14.
Castelli
,
M. G.
,
Bakis
,
C. E.
, and
Ellis
,
J. R.
, “
Experimental Investigation of Cyclic Thermomechanical Deformation in Torsion
,” NASA TM-105938,
LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
, November, 1992.
15.
Mendelson
,
A.
,
Plasticity: Theory and Application
,
Krieger
,
Malabar, FL
,
1983
.
16.
Robinson
,
D. N.
, “
A Unified Creep-Plasticity Model for Structural Metals at High Temperature
,” ORNL/TM-5969,
Engineering Technology Division, ORNL
,
Oak Ridge, TN
,
10
1978
.
17.
Robinson
,
D. N.
and
Swindeman
,
R. W.
, “
Unified Creep-Plasticity Constitutive Equations for Structural Alloys at Elevated Temperatures
,” ORNL/TM-8444,
Engineering Technology Division, ORNL
,
Oak Ridge, TN
,
10
1982
.
18.
Kalluri
,
S.
and
Bonacuse
,
P. J.
, “
A Data Acquisition and Control Program for Axial-Torsional Fatigue Testing
,”
Applications of Automation Technology to Fatigue and Fracture Testing, STP 1092
,
Braun
A. A.
,
Ashbaugh
N. E.
, and
Smith
F. M.
, Eds.,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1990
, pp. 269–287.
19.
Poynting
,
J. H.
,
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A
, Vol.
82
,
1909
, pp. 546–559.
20.
Poynting
,
J. H.
,
Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series A
, Vol.
86
,
1912
, pp. 543–561.
21.
Swift
,
H. W.
,
Engineering
, Vol.
163
,
1947
, pp. 253–257.
22.
Wack
,
B.
, “
The Torsion of a Tube (or a Rod): General Cylindrical Kinematics and Some Axial Deformation and Ratchet Measurements
,”
Acta Mechanica
 0001-5970, Vol.
80
,
1989
, pp. 39–59.
23.
Bonacuse
,
P. J.
and
Kalluri
,
S.
, “
Elevated Temperature Axial and Torsional Fatigue Behavior of Haynes 188
,” NASA TM-105396,
LeRC
,
Cleveland, OH
,
06
1992
.
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