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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Deep Foundation Improvements: Design, Construction, and Testing
By
MI Esrig
MI Esrig
1
Woodward-Clyde Consultants
?
Wayne, New Jersey
Search for other works by this author on:
RC Bachus
RC Bachus
2
Geosyntec Consultants
?
Norcross, GA
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1392-7
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1392-3
No. of Pages:
343
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1991

Stone column foundations are often incorrectly regarded as piles and tested accordingly. For single columns load tests are appropriate. However full scale field tests in which stresses on and between columns were measured clearly demonstrate how the performance of columns under widespread loads depends on loading circumstances which cannot be simulated by small scale tests on single columns. Such tests are misleading for contract purposes. A more cost effective approach is to concentrate on high grade site investigation and control during design and construction; supplemented by instrumentation to monitor response to initial loading of the prototype.

1.
Hughes
,
J.M.O.
and
Withers
,
N.J.
, “
Reinforcing of Soft Cohesive Soils with Stone Columns
”,
Ground Engineering
 0017-4653,
05
1974
, pp 42–49.
2.
Priebe
,
H.
, “
Abschatzung des Setzungverhaltens eines durch Stopverdichtung Verbesserten Baugrundes
”,
Die Bautechnik
 0340-5044, H.5.
1976
.
3.
Balaam
,
N.P.
,
Poulos
,
H.G.
, and
Brown
,
P.T.
, “
Settlement analysis of soft clays reinforced with granular piles
”,
University of Sydney, Civil Engineering Laboratories
, Research Report 305,
07
1977
.
4.
Goughnour
,
R.R.
and
Bayuk
,
A.A.
, (a) “
Analysis of stone column and soil matrix interaction under vertical load
”. Colloquium Institute Renforcement des Sols ENPC,
Paris
1970
, pp 271–277.
5.
Goughnour
,
R.R.
and
Bayuk
,
A.A.
A field study of long term settlements of loads supported by stone columns in soft ground
”, Colloquium Institute Renforcement des Sols ENPC,
Paris
1979
, pp 279–285.
6.
Kee
Chin Fung
, “
Estimation of the ultimate load of piles from tests not carried to failure
”, Proceedings 2nd S.E. Asian Conference SM&FE,
1970
, pp 81–90.
7.
McKenna
,
J.M.
,
Eyre
,
W.A.
and
Wolstenholme
D.R.
, “
Performance of an embankment supported by stone columns on soft ground
”,
Geotechnique
 0016-8505,
03
1975
, pp 46–51.
8.
Greenwood
,
D.A.
,
Discussion
, Ground treatment by deep compaction,
Institution of Civil Engineers
,
London, U.K.
1976
, pp 123–125.
9.
Raffle
,
J.F.
and
Greenwood
,
D.A.
, “
The relation between the rheological characteristics of grouts and their capacity to permeate soil
”, 5th International Conference Soil Mech. & Foundation Engineering,
Paris
, Vol
II
,
1961
, pp 789–793.
10.
Greenwood
,
D.A.
and
Kirsch
,
K.
, “
Specialist ground treatment by vibratory and dynamic methods — State of Art
”, Piling & Ground Treatment, International Conference, Inst. Civil Eng.
London U.K.
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, pp 17–45.
11.
Leslie
,
D.D.
, “
Large scale triaxial tests on gravelly soils
”, 2nd Pan American Conference on Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering,
Sao Paulo
,
1963
, pp 181–202.
12.
Hansbo
,
S.
,
Jamiolkowski
,
M.
and
Kok
,
L.
, “
Consolidation by vertical drains
”,
Geotechnique
 0016-8505,
33
,
1
,
03
1981
, pp 45–66.
13.
Morgan
,
J.G.D.
and
Thomson
,
G.H.
, “
Instrumentation methods for control of ground density in deep vibrocompaction
”, 8th European Conference Soil Mechanics & Foundation Engineering,
Helsinki
, Vol.
1
,
1983
, pp 59–64.
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