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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Deep Foundation Improvements: Design, Construction, and Testing
By
MI Esrig
MI Esrig
1
Woodward-Clyde Consultants
?
Wayne, New Jersey
Search for other works by this author on:
RC Bachus
RC Bachus
2
Geosyntec Consultants
?
Norcross, GA
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1392-7
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1392-3
No. of Pages:
343
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1991

The vibro replacement technique for constructing stone columns was first used in Europe in the late 1950's and has been used extensively for ground improvement work in the United Kingdom for over twenty five years. Testing of ground improvement work is a vital ingredient of the construction process, and this paper sets out current British developments.

1.
Hughes
,
J.M.O.
and
Withers
,
N.J.
, “
Reinforcing of soft soils with stone columns
,”
Ground Engineering
 0017-4653, Vol
7
, No
3
,
05
1974
, pp42–49.
2.
The Institution of Civil Engineers
,
Specification for Ground Improvement
,
Thomas Telford
,
London
,
1987
.
3.
Mitchell
,
J.K.
, “
Soil improvement-State of the Art Report
,” Proc.10th Int. Conf. on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering,
Stockholm
, Vol.
4
,
1981
, pp509–565.
4.
Greenwood
,
D.A.
and
Kirsch
,
K.
, “
Specialist ground treatment by vibratory and dynamic methods
,” Proc. Conf. on Piling and Ground Treatment,
London
,
Thomas Telford
,
1984
, pp17–45.
5.
Mitchell
,
J.K.
and
Huber
,
T.R.
, “
Performance of a stone column foundation
,”
Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, ASCE
, Vol.
111
,No
2
, February, 1985, pp205–223.
6.
Priebe
,
H.
, “
Assessment of the settlement of a soil improved by vibro replacement
,” (German),
Bautechnik
 0340-5044 
65
, H1,
1988
, pp23–26.
7.
Brauns
,
J.
, “
The initial bearing capacity of stone columns in cohesive soils
,” (German),
Bautechnik
 0340-5044 
55
, H8,
1978
, pp263–271.
8.
Kirsch
,
K.
,
Heere
,
D.
and
Schumacher
,
N.
, “
Settlement performance of storage tanks and similar large structures on soft alluvial soils improved by stone columns
,” Proc. Conf. on Marginal and Derelict Land,
Glasgow
,
Thomas Telford
,
1987
, pp651–663.
9.
Bell
,
A.L.
,
Kirkland
,
D.A.
and
Sinclair
,
A.
, “
Vibro replacement ground improvement at General Terminus Quay
,” Proc. Conf. on Marginal and Derelict Land,
Glasgow
,
Thomas Telford
,
1987
, pp697–712.
10.
Bell
,
A.L.
,
Slocombe
,
B.C.
,
Nesbitt
,
A.M.
and
Finey
,
J.T.
, “
Vibro compaction densification of a deep hydraulic fill
,” Proc. Conf. on Marginal and Derelict Land,
Glasgow
,
Thomas Telford
,
1987
, pp791–797.
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