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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Characterization and Toxicity of Smoke
By
HK Hasegawa
HK Hasegawa
1
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
,
Livermore, CA 94550
;
symposium chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1386-2
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1386-2
No. of Pages:
197
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1990

Studies have been undertaken to develop a fire-safe elevator for evacuating handicapped people and for aiding firefighters. Methods were developed for predicting adverse pressure differences across the walls of the elevator shaft and lobbies caused by wind and building stack action and in combination with those caused by a fire. The predictions were verified by tests conducted in a ten-story experimental fire tower. The level of mechanical pressurization required to prevent smoke contamination of elevators could be determined by summing the pressure differences caused by these forces. The tests demonstrated that mechanical pressurization of the elevator shaft or lobbies can be effective in preventing smoke contamination of these shafts and lobbies.

1.
Tamura
,
G. T.
and
Klote
,
J. H.
, “
Experimental Fire Tower Studies on Mechanical Pressurization to Control Smoke Movement Caused by Fire Pressures
,”
Proceedings
, 2nd International Symposium on Fire Safety Science,
Tokyo, Japan
,
1988
.
2.
Klote
,
J. H.
and
Tamura
,
G. T.
, “
Experiments of Piston Effect on Elevator Smoke Control
,”
ASHRAE Transactions
 0001-2505, Vol.
93
, Pt. 2,
1987
, pp. 2217–2228.
3.
Handbook of Fundamentals, Chapter 22, Ventilation and Infiltration
,”
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
,
Atlanta
,
1985
, p. 22.3.
4.
Tamura
,
G. T.
and
Wilson
,
A. G.
, “
Pressure Differences Caused by Chimney Effect in Three High Buildings
,”
ASHRAE Transactions
 0001-2505, Vol.
73
, Part II,
1967
, p. II.1.1–II.1.10.
5.
Handbook of Fundamentals, Chapter 14, Air Flow Around Buildings
,”
American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.
,
Atlanta
,
1985
, p. 14.3.
6.
Tamura
,
G. T.
and
Shaw
,
C. Y.
, “
Air Leakage Data for the Design of Elevator and Stair Shaft Pressurization Systems
,”
ASHRAE Transactions
 0001-2505, Vol.
82
, Part 2,
1976
, pp. 179–180.
7.
Tamura
,
G. T.
and
Shaw
,
C. Y.
, “
Experimental Studies of Mechanical Venting for Smoke Control in Tall Office Buildings
,”
ASHRAE Transactions
 0001-2505, Vol.
84
, Part 1,
1978
, pp. 54–71.
8.
Tamura
,
G. T.
and
Klote
,
J. H.
, “
Experimental Fire Tower Studies of Elevator Pressurization Systems for Smoke Control
,”
ASHRAE Transactions
 0001-2505, Vol.
93
, Pt. 2,
1987
, pp. 2235–2256.
9.
NFPA 92A, “
Recommended Practice for Smoke Control Systems
,”
National Fire Protection Association
,
Quincy, MA
, Section 2-2.1,
1988
.
10.
McGuire
,
J. H.
,
Tamura
,
G. T.
, and
Wilson
A. G.
, “
Factors in Controlling Smoke in High Buildings
,”
Proceedings
, ASHRAE Symposium on Fire Hazards in Buildings,
San Francisco, CA
,
ASHRAE
,
Atlanta, GA
,
1970
, pp. 8–13.
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