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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Geotechnics of Waste Fills—Theory and Practice
By
A Landva
A Landva
1Department of Civil Engineering
University of New Brunswick Fredericton
,
New Brunswick
Canada
E3B 5A3
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GD Knowles
GD Knowles
2
Malcolm Pirnie Inc
?
4 Corporate Plaza Washington Avenue Extension Albany, NY
USA
12203
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ISBN-10:
0-8031-1285-8
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1285-8
No. of Pages:
381
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1990

A project to stabilize acidic hydrocarbon sludge lagoons for landfill deposition is described. The sludge will be microencapsulated in a clay matrix, neutralized and cemented with a lime and fly ash pozzolanic mixture. The mechanical improvement and contaminant immobilization provide dimensional stability and low leachate production rates. Two types of clay were used as the aggregate in the stabilization mixture: a spent processing attapulgite and an onsite silty clay. Results of leaching, strength, and compression tests are presented for mixtures using each clay, as is preliminary analysis of the porous monolith response to in-situ stresses.

1.
Smith
,
C.L.
and
Frost
D.J.
, “
Secure Landfilling with Pozzolanic Cementing
”, Proc. 1st Ann Conf. on Hazardous Waste Mgmt.,
Phila, Pa.
, pp 153–160,
1983
.
2.
Morgan
,
D.S.
,
Novoa
,
J.I.
and
Halff
A.H.
, “
Oil Sludge Solidification using Cement Kiln Dust
”,
J. Env. Eng. Div., ASCE
110
(
EE5
), pp 935–949,
1984
.
3.
U.S.EPA
Handbook for Stabilization/Solidification of Hazardous Wastes
” EPA/540/2-86/001,
1981
4.
Yen
,
B.C.
, and
Scanlon
,
S.
, “
Sanitary Landfill Settlement Rates
”,
J. Geotech. Eng. Div., ASCE
 0093-6405 
101
(
GT5
),
1975
.
5.
Murphy
,
W.L.
and
Gilbert
P.A.
Estimation of Maximum Cover Subsidence Expected in Hazardous Waste Landfills
”. Proc., 10th Ann. Research Symp.,
U. S. EPA
,
04
1984
6.
Martin
,
J.P.
,
Felser
,
A.J.
and
Van Keuren
E.L.
, “
Hydrocarbon Waste Stabilization for Landfills
”, Proc. ASCE Specialty Conf. for Waste Disposal,
Ann Arbor MI
,
06
1987
.
7.
Malone
,
P.G.
, and
Larson
R.J.
, “
Scientific Basis for Hazardous Waste Immobilization
”, Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Testing: Second Symp., ASTM STP 805,
Conway
R.A.
and
Gulledge
W.P.
, eds.,
1983
.
8.
Martin
,
J.P.
,
Robinson
,
W.T.
, and
Van Keuren
E.L.
, “
Large Volume Stabilization of Hydrocarbons with Spent Clay and Pozzolans
”, Proc. U.S.Dept. of Energy Oak Ridge Model Conf.,
Oak Ridge TN
,
10
1987
9.
Martin
,
J.P.
,
Biehl
,
F.L.
,and
Robinson
W.T.
, “
Stabilized Petroleum Refining Waste Interaction with Silty Clay Subgrade
” Proc. Conf. on Petroleum Spill Impact on Soil,
Univ. of Mass.
,
Amherst, Mass.
,
09
1988
.
10.
Robinson
,
W.T.
Characterizing the Leaching Potential of Hydrocarbon Wastes from a Stabilized Mixture
” M.S. In Environ. Engineering Thesis,
Drexel Univ
, Phila PA,
1987
11.
Van Keuren
,
E.L.
,
Martino
,
J.
,
Martin
,
J.
and
Defalco
A.
,“
Pilot Field Study of Refinery Waste Stabilization
” Proc. 19th Mid-Atlantic Industrial Waste Conf.,
Bucknell Univ.
,
Lewisburg, PA
,
06
1981
.
12.
Van Keuren
,
E.L.
, “
Advanced Laboratory and Field Study of Hydrocarbon Waste Stabilization with Pozzolans
”, M.S. In Civil Engineering Thesis,
Drexel Univ
, Phila PA,
1987
13.
Webster
,
W. C.
, “
Role of Fixation Practices in the Disposal of Wastes
ASTM Standardization News
,
03
1984
.
14.
Rinaldo-Lee
,
M.B.
,
Kunes
,
T.P.
, and
Nicholas
D.G.
, “
A Comparison of Groundwater Quality at Selected Landfills to Leaching Test Results
”, Hazardous & Solid Waste Testing, First Conf., ASTM STP 760,
1983
15.
Bishop
,
P. L.
Prediction of Heavy Metal Leaching Rates from Stabilized/Solidified Hazardous Wastes
” Toxic and Hazardous Wastes, Proc. 18th Mid-Atlantic Indust. Waste Conf.,
Virginia Polytechnic Inst.
, pp 236–252,
1986
.
16.
Maskarinec
,
M.P.
, and
Brown
D.K.
,“
Batch and Column Extraction Procedures for Organics in Solid Wastes
” Hazard. & Solid Waste Testing, ASTM Second Conf., STP 805,
1985
17.
Daniel
,
D.E.
and
Shackelford
C.
, “
Engineered Barriers Designed to Release Contaminants at Disposal Sites Only by Molecular Diffusion
”. Proc., U. S. Dept. of Energy Oak Ridge Model Conference,
Oak Ridge TN.
,
10
1987
18.
Martin
,
J.P.
Embankment Consolidation from Unsaturated to Saturated Conditions
” PhD in Civil Engineering Dissertation.
Colorado State Univ.
, Ft Collins, CO,
1983
19.
Demetracopoulos
,
A.C.
,
Korfiatis
,
G.P.
,
Bourodimos
,
E.I.
, and
Nawy
E.G.
Modeling for Design of Landfill Bottom Liners
J. Env. Eng., ASCE
Vol
110
, (
EE6
),
1984
20.
Winterkorn
,
H.T.
, “
Soil Stabilization
”, Foundation Eng. Handbook,
Winterkorn
H.F.
and
Fang
H.Y.
, Eds.,
Van Nostrand Reinhold
1975
.
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