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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Geotechnics of Waste Fills—Theory and Practice
By
A Landva
A Landva
1Department of Civil Engineering
University of New Brunswick Fredericton
,
New Brunswick
Canada
E3B 5A3
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GD Knowles
GD Knowles
2
Malcolm Pirnie Inc
?
4 Corporate Plaza Washington Avenue Extension Albany, NY
USA
12203
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ISBN-10:
0-8031-1285-8
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1285-8
No. of Pages:
381
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1990

Engineering and compaction characteristics of boiler slag are presented. Laboratory and field compaction tests are conducted in assessment of these characteristics. Field tests are conducted on a slag fill of 0.92 m (3 ft) in thickness. A smooth drum vibratory roller 56 kN (12.5 kips) is used for compaction. The densification is evaluated after 2, 4, 6, 10 and 16 passes of this roller. A methodology is presented for estimating the lift thickness and the number of passes required for a desired level of densification.

1.
Seals
,
R. K.
and
Moulton
,
L.K.
, “
Bottom Ash - An Engineering Material
,”
Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, ASCE
 0044-7994, No.
SM4
,
1972
, pp. 8817.
2.
Dow Chemical Company and Louisiana Gasification Technology, Inc.
, “
Petition for Exemption of Slag from Section 4.2 of Louisiana Solid Waste Rules and Regulations
,”
08
1985
.
3.
Moulton
,
L. K.
, “
Utilization of Ash from Coal-Burning Power Plants in Highway Construction
,”
Highway Research Board
 430, Utilization of Waste Materials and Upgrading of High Quality Aggregates,
National Academy of Sciences
,
1973
.
4.
ASTM D422-63, D2487-85, “
Standard Test Method for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1989
, pp. 288–298.
5.
Seals
,
R. K.
,
Ider
,
H. M.
and
Acar
,
Y. B.
, “
Assessment of Optimum Design Considerations for the Slag Fill Project — Part I. Laboratory Investigation
,” Report No. GE86-04,
Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University
,
1986
, 18 p.
6.
ASTM D698-78, “
Test Methods for Moisture-Density Relations of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures Using 5.5 lb (2.49 kg) Rammer and 12-in (305-mm) Drop
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1988
, pp. 149–153.
7.
ASTM D1557-78, “
Test Methods for Moisture-Density Relations of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures Using 10 lb (4.54 kg) Rammer and 18-in (457-mm) Drop
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1988
, pp. 206–210.
8.
Acar
,
Y. B.
,
lder
,
H.
and
Seals
,
R. K.
, “
Assessment of Optimum Design Considerations for the Slag Fill Project — Part 2. Site Reconnaissance Study and Preliminary Compaction Specifications for the Slag Fill Project
,” Report No. GE87-01,
Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University
,
1987
, 23 p.
9.
ASTM D4254-83, “
Minimum Density of Soils and Calculation of Relative Density
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1989
, pp. 572–578.
10.
ASTM D4253-83, “
Test Methods for Maximum Index Density of Soils Using a Vibratory Table
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1988
, pp. 554–565.
11.
ASTM D2435-80, “
Test Method for One-Dimensional Consolidation Properties of Soils
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1988
, pp. 278–282.
12.
ASTM D1556-82, “
Density of Soil in Place by the Sand-Cone Method
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1989
, pp. 206–210.
13.
ASTM D2487-85, “
Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes
,”
Annual Book of ASTM Standards
, Vol.
4
, Construction,
1988
, pp. 283–292.
14.
Seals
,
R. K.
,
Acar
,
Y. B.
and
Puppala
,
A.
, “
Assessment of Optimum Design Considerations for the Slag Fill Project — Part 3
.
Laboratory Calibration Studies with the Dynamic Penetrometer, Department of Civil Engineering, Louisiana State University
,
1988
, 21 p.
15.
Gibbs
,
H. J.
and
Holtz
,
W. G.
, “
Research on Determining the Density of Sands by Spoon Penetration Testing
,” 4th ICSMFE, Vol.
1
,
1957
, p. 35.
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