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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Computerization and Networking of Materials Data Bases
By
JS Glazman
JS Glazman
1
Combustion Engineering, Inc.
?
Windsor, CT 06095
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
JR Rumble, Jr Jr
JR Rumble, Jr Jr
2
National Institute of Standards and Technology
,
Gaithersburg, MD 20899
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-1191-6
ISBN:
978-0-8031-1191-2
No. of Pages:
363
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1989

Material properties data present numerous challenges that current data base management technology does not address. Major problems include data complexity, naming conventions, measurement units, summary levels of abstraction, and data sparseness. Networks and gateways to multiple material information systems compound these challenges and add others.

Experience from projects such as the Materials Information for Science and Technology (MIST) system prototype suggests several general approaches that address these problems, including modular system architecture; a three-tiered approach to naming materials, properties, and variables; an active data thesaurus; material and variable class hierarchies; structured representation of tables and graphs; and existence tables to indicate data availability by the cross product of materials, properties, and independent variables for any given data base. It also suggests that we need to go beyond the simple relational model to solve our problems and implement solutions.

1.
Northrup
,
C. J. M.
, Jr.
,
McCarthy
,
J. L.
,
Westbrook
,
J. H.
, and
Grattidge
,
W.
,
Materials Information For Science and Technology (MIST): A Prototype Material Properties Data Network System
,
Kaufman
J. G.
, Ed., Materials Properties Data-Applications and Access,
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
,
New York
, (
ASME
),
1986
.
2.
Grattidge
,
W.
,
Westbrook
,
J. H.
,
McCarthy
,
J. L.
,
Northrup
,
C. J. M.
, Jr.
, and
Rumble
,
J.
, Jr.
, “
Materials Information for Science & Technology (MIST): Project Overview. NBS
Special Publication
726
,
1986
3.
Dathe
,
G.
, “
Peculiarities and Problems of Materials Engineering Data
” and
Shoshani
,
A.
,
Olken
,
F.
, and
Wong
,
H. K. T.
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Characteristics of Scientific Databases
” in: The Role of Data in Scientific Progress,
Elsevier, CODATA
,
1985
.
4.
Codd
,
E. F.
, “
Missing Information (Applicable and Inapplicable) in Relational Databases
,”
Sigmod Record
, Vol.
15
, No.
4
,
12
1986
, pp. 53–78.
5.
Grattidge
,
W.
, “
Capture of Published Materials Data
,” see this volume pp. 151–174.
6.
Westbrook
,
J. H.
, “
Designation, Identification, and Characterization of Metals and Alloys
,” see this volume pp. 23–42.
7.
An Architecture for the Chemical Substances Information Network
,” Technical Report CCA-83-02,
Computer Corporation of America Cambridge
, MA,
01
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The National Materials Property Data Network, Inc.
,
07
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,
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and
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,
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, “
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,”
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(
01
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10.
Kroeckel
,
H.
and
Steven
,
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11.
Dobrucki
,
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,
Kasprzyk
,
J. M.
,
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,
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,
Liskowacki
,
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,
Rowski
,
J.
, and
Wroblewski
,
K.
, “
Structural Materials Corrosion Databank
” in
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and
Dubois
J. E.
, Eds.
Computer Science and Databanks: Papers Presented at the 8th International CODATA Conference
,
Jachranka, Poland
, 4–7 October 1982,
1984
Polish Academy of Science
, pp. 147–155.
12.
Coyle
,
T.
and
Little
,
D.
, see this volume pp. 200–210.
13.
Petrisko
,
L.
, see this volume pp. 229–238.
14.
Griethuysen
,
J. H.
, Ed., “
Concepts and Terminology for the Conceptual Schema and the Information Base
,” ISO publication number ISO/TC97/SC5-N695,
ISO
.
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