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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Lime for Environmental Uses
By
AK Gutschick
AK Gutschick
1
Technical director
,
National Lime Association
,
Arlington, VA
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0499-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0499-0
No. of Pages:
155
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1987

The term “lime” includes a wide variety of materials produced by calcining or burning limestone or dolostone and using the resulting material directly or adding water to form a hydrated lime. Lime and products containing lime have been widely employed in landfills. Examples of the use of lime in landfill covers (caps), wastes, and liners are presented. Lime can provide a valuable chemical barrier to the transport of specific contaminants. Lime-pozzolan cements can be used to improve handling of wastes and decrease waste compaction. Lime-soil mixtures can be employed as low-permeability, chemically reactive liners.

Well-documented demonstration projects are required to obtain data needed for the acceptance of lime-augmented landfill designs. Where waste containing lime is employed, standards should be presented as to the chemical characteristics of waste that make them acceptable.

1.
Boynton
,
R. S.
,
Chemistry and Technology of Lime and Limestone
, 2nd ed.,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1980
.
2.
Lewis
,
C. J.
and
Boynton
,
R. J.
, “
Acid Neutralization with Lime for Environmental Control and Manufacturing Processes
,” National Lime Association,
Bulletin
216
,
1976
.
3.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
, “
Hazardous Waste and Consolidated Permit Regulations
,”
Federal Register
, Vol.
45
, No.
98
, Book 2,
1980
, pp. 33063-33285.
4.
Murphy
,
W. L.
and
Gilbert
,
P. A.
, “
Settlement and Cover Subsidence of Hazardous Waste Landfills
,” EPA-600/2-85-035.
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
,
Cincinnati, OH
,
1984
.
5.
Artiola
,
J.
and
Fuller
,
W. H.
,
Soil Science
 0038-075X, Vol.
129
,
1980
, pp. 167-179.
6.
Opitz
,
B. E.
and
Sherwood
,
D. R.
, “
Neutralizing Barrier for Reducing Contaminant Migration from a Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Pond
,” Reprint of presentation at the
Sixth Annual Management of Uranium Mill Tailings
,
Low-Level Waste, and Hazardous Waste Symposium
,
Fort Collins, CO
, 1–3 Feb. 1984.
7.
Gutschick
,
K. A.
, “
Lime Stabilization under Hydraulic Conditions
,” Reprint of presentation at
4th International Lime Congress
,
Hershey, PA
, 21–22 Sept. 1978.
8.
A Green Hill by the Year 2000
,” (public affairs information),
BASF Aktiengesellschaft
,
Lundwigshafen, West Germany
,
1983
.
9.
Blythe
,
M.
 et al
, “
Characterization of Boliden's Sulfide-Lime Precipitation System
,” EPA-600/S-81-081,
U. S. Environmental Protection Agency
,
Cincinnati, OH
,
1981
.
10.
Crawley
,
W.
,
Brown
,
K. W.
, and
Anderson
,
D.
, “
Inplace Closure of Previously Backfilled and Active Surface Impoundments
,” Paper presented at the
5th National Conference on Management of Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites
,
Washington, DC
, 7–9 Nov. 1984.
11.
Morgan
,
D. S.
,
Novoa
,
J. I.
, and
Haliff
,
A. H.
,
Journal of Environmental Engineering
, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol.
10
, No.
5
,
1984
, pp. 935-948.
12.
Colussi
,
J. J.
and
Mullen
,
H.
, “
The Theory and Design of Structural Landfill as Applied to Stabilized Hazardous Wastes
,” Reprint of paper presented at the
Workshop on Hazardous Waste Stabilization
,
Alberta Environmental Centre
,
Vegreville, Alberta, Canada
, 13–14 Nov. 1983.
13.
Blacklock
,
J. R.
,
Joshi
,
R. C.
, and
Wright
,
P. J.
, “
Pressure Injection Grouting of Landfills Using Lime and Fly Ash
,” Paper presented at the
Conference on Grouting in Geotechnical Engineering
,
New Orlenas, LA
, 10–12 Feb. 1982.
14.
Blacklock
,
J. R.
,
Joshi
,
R. C.
and
Wright
,
P. J.
, “
Pressure Injection Grouting of Landfills
,” Reprint from
Public Work
,
05
1984
.
15.
Francis
,
G. Z.
,
Pollution Engineering
,
09
1984
, pp. 37-39.
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