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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Marine Geotechnology and Nearshore/Offshore Structures
By
RC Chaney
RC Chaney
1
Telonicher Marine Laboratory, Humboldt State University
,
Trinidad, CA 95570
;
editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
HY Fang
HY Fang
2
Lehigh University
,
Bethlehem, PA 18015
;
symposium, cochairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0490-1
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0490-7
No. of Pages:
382
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1986

The first part of this paper is an account of the typical layers of Shanghai soils, with empirical formulas correlating different soil parameters. Such has been the result of the writers' effort in geotechnical engineering consultative service and in researches for preparation and revision of foundation engineering codes of practice. It is hoped that these may be useful for others and also for future developments in marine geotechnology in the Donghai Sea (East China Sea) since the seabed soils are in close kindred relationship to land area deposits.

The second part of the paper begins with studies on horizontal permeability and increase of undrained strength with effective overburden pressure for typical soil layers. On these soils, design of the shallow foundation of a 20 000-ton oil tank with scheduling for a water test pre-loading period has resulted in considerable economic savings.

1.
Gao
,
D.-Z.
and
Wei
,
D.-D.
Statistical Characteristics of Geotechnical Properties of Shanghai Soft Soils
,” unpublished work,
1983
, in Chinese.
2.
Skempton
,
A. W.
and
Henkel
,
D. J.
, “
The Post-Glacial Clay of the Thames Estuary at Tilbury and Shaelheaven
,
Proceedings of the IIIrd ICSMFE Conference
, Vol.
1
,
1953
.
3.
Terzaghi
,
K.
and
Peck
,
R. B.
, “
Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice
,”
John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
,
New York
,
1948
.
4.
Xu
,
Z.-Y.
, “
Measurement of Coefficient of at-Rest Pressure of Soils
,”
Journal of the China Civil Engineering Society
, Vol.
4
, No.
2
,
1957
.
5.
Hogentogler
,
C. A.
,
Engineering Properties of Soils
,
McGraw Hill
,
New York
,
1937
.
6.
Geuze
,
E. E. W. A.
and
Kie
,
T. T.
, “
The Shearing Properties of Soils
,”
Geotechnique
, Vol.
2
, No.
2
,
1950
.
7.
de Beer
,
E. E.
, “
The Cell Test
,”
Geotechnique
, Vol.
2
, No.
2
,
1950
.
8.
Wei
,
D.-D.
and
Da-Tong
,
Z.
, “
On Methods of Calculating Settlement of Foundations in Shanghai
,” Research Paper,
Tongji University
,
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
,
1964
, in Chinese.
9.
Yang
,
X.-Z.
and
Wei
,
D.-D.
, “
Development of an Automatized Measuring Apparatus for the At-Rest Earth Pressure Coefficient
,”
Journal of Tongji University
, Vol.
3
, No.
3
,
1981
.
10.
Wei
,
D.-D.
and
Yang
,
X.-Z.
, “
Laboratory Studies of Coefficients of ‘at-Rest’ Pressure of Shanghai Soils
,”
Tongji University
,
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
,
1983
, in Chinese.
11.
Ladd
,
C. C.
,
Foott
,
R.
, and
Ishihara
,
K.
, “
Stress-Deformation and Strength Characteristics
,
Proceedings of the IXth ICSMFE Conference
, Vol.
2
,
1977
.
12.
Shanghai Code of Practice for Foundation Design
, 1st and 2nd eds.,
Shanghai, People's Republic of China
,
1962
and
1975
, in Chinese.
13.
Krynine
,
D. P.
,
Soil Mechanics
,
New Haven, CT
,
03
1941
.
14.
Darragh
,
R. D.
, “
Controlled Water Test to Preload Tank Foundations
,”
Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers
, Vol.
90
, No.
SM5
,
1964
.
15.
Lee
,
L. K.
,
White
,
W.
, and
Ingles
,
O. G.
,
Geotechnical Engineering
,
Pitman
,
Boston, MA
,
1983
.
16.
Lu
,
Y.
, “
Settlement of Saturated Clayey Foundation Varved with Thin Layers of Silt and Sand
,”
Journal of Tongji University
,
1956
, in Chinese.
17.
Taytovich
,
N.
,
Soil Mechanics (Concise Course)
, English translation for Russian, by V. Afansyev,
Mir Publishers
,
Moscow, U.S.S.R.
,
1976
.
18.
Fan
,
L.-B.
, “
Stress and Displacement in Saturated Clayey Soils Due to Pile Driving
,” M. Eng. thesis,
Tongji University
, Shanghai, People's Republic of China,
1981
, in Chinese.
19.
Hu
,
Z.-X.
, “
Notes of Increase of Bearing Capacity of Driven Piles in Soft Clay
,”
Chinese Journal of Geotechnical Engineering
, Vol.
7
, No.
3
,
1985
.
20.
Leonards
,
G. A.
, Ed.,
Foundation Engineering
,
McGraw Hill
,
New York
,
1962
.
21.
Pilot
,
G.
, “
Stability of Embankments on Soft Soils
,”
Annales de l'Institut Technique du Batiment et des Travaux Publics
, No.
321
,
1974
, in French.
22.
Lin
,
K.-Z.
, “
Studies of In-situ Vane Strength of Marine Ooze Foundation and Stability of Embankments
, in Chinese.
23.
Hydraulic and Power Engineering Research Institute
,
Notes on Stability and Settlement of Embankments on Peat and Soft Clay
,
Beijing, People's Republic of China
, in Chinese.
24.
Standard Procedure for Soil Testing for Engineering Purposes
,
Ministry of Hydraulic and Electric Power Engineering
, SDS 79,
Beijing, People's Republic of China
,
1979
, in Chinese.
25.
Lui
,
J.-B.
, “
Settlement and Stability Analysis for Oil Tank Foundation
,” M.Eng. thesis,
Tongji University
, Shanghai, People's Republic of China,
1984
, in Chinese.
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