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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
The Pressuremeter and its Marine Applications: Second International Symposium
By
J-L Briaud
J-L Briaud
1Civil Engineering Department,
Texas A&M University
?
College Station, TX 77843 Symposium cochairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
JME Audibert
JME Audibert
2
Earth Technology Corporation
?
7020 Portwest Drive, Suite 150 Houston, TX 77024 Symposium cochairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0454-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0454-9
No. of Pages:
506
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1985

The self-boring pressuremeter test is ideally suitable for determining in-situ engineering properties of sand. A new method for the determination of the friction angle is presented that accounts for the non-linear volume change behaviour of loose sands. The determination of shear modulus from small unloading-reloading cycles is discussed. A method is presented that allows the shear modulus values to be normalized with respect to stress level. A rational method is also presented to allow the ‘elastic’ shear modulus measured from small unloading-reloading cycles to be applied to engineering design problems where the loading may induce strains larger than the ‘elastic’ level.

1.
Gibson
,
R. E.
and
Anderson
,
W. F.
,
1961
, “
In-situ Measurement of Soil Properties with the Pressuremeter
”,
Civil Engineering and Public Works Review
, Vol.
56
, pp. 615-618.
2.
Ladanyi
,
B.
,
1963
, “
Evaluation of Pressuremeter Tests in Granular Soils
”,
2nd Panamerican Conference Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering
, Vol.
1
.
3.
Vesic
,
A. S.
,
1972
, “
Expansion of Cavities in Infinite Soil Masses
”,
Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division
, ASCE, Vol.
98
,
SM3
, pp. 265-290.
4.
Hughes
,
J. M.O.
,
Wroth
,
C. P.
and
Windle
,
D.
,
1977
, “
Pressuremeter Tests in Sands
”,
Geotechnique
27
, No.
4
, pp. 455-477.
5.
Rowe
,
P. W.
,
1962
, “
The Stress-Dilatancy Relation for Static Equilibrium of an Assembly of Particles in Contact
”,
Proceedings of the Royal Society
, Vol.
269
, Series
A
, pp. 500-527.
6.
Vaid
,
Y. P.
,
Byrne
,
P. M.
and
Hughes
,
J. M.P.
,
1981
, “
Dilation Angle and Liquefaction Potential
”,
Geotechnical Engineering Division
, ASCE, Vol.
107
,
GT7
,
07
1981
.
7.
Stroud
,
M. A.
,
1971
, “
Sand at Low Stress Levels in the Simple Shear Apparatus
”, Ph.D. Thesis,
University of Cambridge
.
8.
Jewell
,
R. J.
,
Fahey
,
M.
and
Wroth
,
C. P.
,
1980
, “
Laboratory Studies of the Pressuremeter Test in Sand
”,
Geotechnique
,
30
, No.
4
, pp. 507-531.
9.
Fahey
,
M.
and
Randolph
,
M. F.
,
1984
, “
Effect of Disturbance on Parameters Derived from Self-boring Pressuremeter Tests in Sand
”,
Geotechnique
34
, No.
1
, pp. 81-97.
10.
Wroth
,
C. P.
,
1982
, “
British Experience with the Self-Boring Pressuremeter
”,
Proceedings of the Symposium The Pressuremeter and Its Marine Applications
,
Paris
.
11.
Hughes
,
J. M.O.
,
1982
, “
Interpretation of Pressuremeter Tests for the Determination of the Elastic Shear Modulus
”,
Engineering Foundation Conference on Updating Subsurface Sampling of Soils and Rocks and Their In-situ Testing
,
location>Santa Barbara, California
.
12.
Campanella
,
R. G.
,
Robertson
,
P. K.
and
Gillespie
,
D.
,
1983
, “
Cone Penetration Testing in Deltaic Soils
”,
Canadian Geotechnical Journal
, Vol.
20
, No.
1
, February, pg. 23-35.
13.
Eldridge
,
T. L.
,
1983
, “
Pressuremeter Tests in Sand: Effects of Dilation
”, A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the M.A.Sc.,
Department of Civil Engineering, University of British Columbia
.
14.
Denby
,
G. M.
,
1978
, “
Self-boring Pressuremeter Study of the San Francisco Bay Mud
”, Ph.D. Thesis,
Department of Civil Engineering, Stanford University
, California.
15.
Duncan
,
J. M.
and
Chang
,
C-Y
,
1970
, “
Nonlinear Analysis of Stress and Strain in Soils
”,
Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division
, ASCE, Vol.
96
, No.
SM5
, pp. 1629-1651.
16.
Konder
,
R. L.
,
1963
, “
Hyperbolic Stress-Strain Response: Cohesive Soils
”,
Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division
, ASCE, Vol.
89
, No.
SM1
, pp. 115-143.
17.
Ghionna
,
V. N.
,
Jamiolkowski
,
M.
and
Lancellotta
,
R.
,
1982
, “
Characteristics of Saturated Clays as Obtained from SBP Tests
”,
Proceedings Symp. The Pressuremeter and its Marine Applications
,
Paris
.
18.
Hughes
,
J. M.O.
,
1973
, “
An Intrument for the In-situ Measurement of the Properties of Soft Clays
”, Ph.D. Dissertation,
University of Cambridge
.
19.
Hughes
,
J. M.O.
and
Robertson
,
P. K.
,
1985
, “
Full Displacement Pressuremeter Testing in Sands
”,
Canadian Geotechnical Journal
, Vol.
22
, No.
3
.
20.
Robertson
,
P. K.
,
Campanella
,
R. G.
,
Gillespie
,
D.
and
Rice
,
R.
,
1985
, “
Seismic CPT to Measure In-situ Shear Wave Velocity
”,
Specialty Session on Measurement and Use of Shear Wave Velocity for Evaluating Dynamic Soil Properties
,
ASCE Spring Convention
,
Denver, Colorado
.
21.
Seed
,
H. B.
and
Idris
,
I. M.
,
1970
, “
Soil Moduli and Damping Factors for Dynamic Response Analyses
”, Report to EERC 70-10,
Earthquake Engineering Research Center, University of California
, Berkeley.
22.
Wroth
,
C. P.
,
1984
, “
The Interpretation of In-situ Soil Tests
”,
Geotechnique
34
, No.
4
, pp. 449-489.
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