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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Strength Testing of Marine Sediments: Laboratory and In-Situ Measurements
By
RC Chaney
RC Chaney
1
Telonicher Marine Laboratory Humboldt State University
?
Trinidad, CA 95570
;
cochairman and coeditor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
KR Demars
KR Demars
2
The University of Connecticut
?
Storrs, CT 06268
;
cochairman and coeditor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0431-6
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0431-0
No. of Pages:
568
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1985

This paper describes a remotely operated, bottom resting cone penetrometer for testing to soil depths of 12 m (40 ft) in un-cemented sands, silts, and soft to medium stiff clays. It is lightweight (less than 4.5 kN [10 000 lb]) and can achieve 12-m penetration with a 4.5 kN (10 000 lb). The force necessary to push the cone rod into the seafloor was reduced by jetting.

The device is called the XSP for experimental static penetrometer. It is capable of performing electric friction-cone penetration tests to 12-m depths in soils at water depths of 60 m. The XSP is 15 m (50 ft) tall, weighs about 4.5 kN (10 000 lb), and uses an electric friction cone conforming to ASTM Method for Deep, Quasi-Static, Cone and Friction-Cone Penetration Tests of Soil (D 3441). Friction on the push rod has been sharply reduced by using a water-jet to flush sediment away from it.

Test results from four different soil types are presented. Comparison is made between side by side tests conducted with and without the water jet. Core data are also presented for comparison with the cone data.

1.
Lee
,
H. J.
, “
Geotechnical Properties of Marine Cohesionless Sediments: Evaluaton of Several Candidat Exploration Techniques
,”
Technical Memorandum
 M-42-78-8,
Civil Engineering Laboratory
,
Port Hueneme, CA
,
10
1979
.
2.
Woodward-Clyde Consultants
, “
Conceptual Design of the Test Probe for Offshore Cohesionless Soils
,” P.O. N62583/79 M R575,
Civil Engineering Laboratory
,
Port Hueneme, CA
,
03
1980
.
3.
Fugro-Gulf, Inc.
, XSP documentation,
Report of Civil Engineering Laboratory
, Port Hueneme, CA,
07
1981
.
4.
Corps of Engineers
, “
San Francisco Bay barriers, Appendix ‘E’, Barrier Plans: Geology, Soils, and Construction Materials
,” technical report,
U.S. Army Engineers District, San Francisco Corps of Engineers
, San Francisco, CA,
03
1969
.
5.
Beard
,
R. M.
and
Johnson
,
B. A.
, “
XSP Cone Penetrometer: A Performance Evaluation
,” Technical Report R-911,
Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory
, Hort Hueneme, CA,
10
1984
.
6.
Begeman
,
H. K.
, “
The Friction Jacket Cone as an Aid in Determining the Soil Profile
,”
Proceedings, 6th International Conference of SM and FE
, Vol.
1
,
1965
, pp. 17-20.
7.
Beringen
,
F. L.
,
Kolk
,
H. J.
, and
Windle
,
D.
, “
Cone Penetration and Laboratory Testing in Marine Calcareous Sediments
,”
Geotechnical Properties, Behavior, and Performance of Calcareous Soils
, ASTM STP 777,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1982
, pp. 179-209.
8.
Clukey
,
E. C.
,
Cacchione
,
D. A.
, and
Nelson
,
C. H.
, “
Liquifaction Potential of Yukon Prodelta
,”
Proceedings of the Offshore Technology Conference
, Paper 3733,
Houston, TX
,
1980
.
9.
deRuiter
,
J.
, “
The Static Cone Penetration Test—State-of-the-Art Report
,”
Proceedings of the Second European Symposium of Penetration Testing
,
A. A. Balkema
,
Roterdam, The Netherlands
, pp. 389-405.
10.
deRuiter
,
J.
and
Beringen
,
F. L.
, “
Pile Foundations for Large North Sea Structures
,”
Marine Geotechnology
, Vol.
3
, No.
3
,
1979
, pp. 267-314.
11.
Douglas
,
B. J.
and
Olsen
,
R. S.
, “
Soil Classification Using the Electric Cone Penetrometer
,
Cone Penetration Testing and Experience
,
Norris
G. M.
and
Holtz
R. D.
, Eds.,
Geotechnical Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers
,
10
1981
.
12.
Durgunoglu
,
H.
and
Mitchell
,
J. K.
, “
Static Penetration Resistance of Soils: I-Analysis, II-Evaluation of Theory and Implications for Practice
,”
ASCE Specialty Conference on In-Situ Measurement of Soil Properties
, Vol.
I
,
American Society of Civil Engineers
,
New York
,
1975
, pp. 151-189.
13.
ESOPT
,
Proceedings of the European Symposium on Penetration Testing
,
National Swedish Building Research
,
Stockholm, Sweden
,
1975
.
14.
ESOPT
,
Proceedings of the European Symposium on Penetration Testing
,
A. A. Balkema
,
Rotterdam, The Netherlands
,
1982
.
15.
Mitchell
,
J. K.
,
Guzikowski
,
F.
, and
Villet
,
W. C. B.
, “
Measurement of Soil Properties In-Situ, Present Methods—Their Applicability and Potential
,” Report LBL 6363,
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, University of California
,
03
1978
.
16.
Norris
,
G. M.
and
Holtz
,
R. D.
, “
Cone Penetration Testing and Experience
,”
Geotechnical Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers
,
New York
,
1981
.
17.
Nothingham
,
L. C.
, “
Use of Quasi-Static Cone Penetrometer Data for Predict Load Capacity of Displacement Piles
,” Ph.D. dissertation,
Department of Civil Engineering, University of Florida
, Gainesville, FL,
1975
.
18.
Schmertmann
,
J. H.
, “
Guidelines for Cone Penetration Test Performance and Design
,” Report FHWA-TS-78-209,
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Offices of Research and Development
,
1978
.
19.
Schmertmann
,
J. N.
, “
Study of Feasibility of Using Wissa-Type Piezometer Probe to Identify Liquifaction Potential of Saturated Fine Sands
,” Contract Report S-78-2,
U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experimental Station
,
1978
.
20.
Sennest
,
K.
,
Janber
,
N.
, and
Svan
,
G.
, “
Strength and Deformation Parameters from Cone Penetration Tests
,”
Proceedings of the 2nd European Symposium on Penetration Testing
,
A. A. Balema
,
Rotterdam, The Netherlands
,
1982
.
21.
Villet
,
W. C. B.
and
Mitchell
,
J. K.
, “
Cone Resistance, Relative Density and Friction Angle, Cone Penetration Testing and Experience
,”
Geotechnical Engineering Division, American Society of Civil Engineers
,
New York
,
10
1981
.
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