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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Testing: Second Symposium
By
RA Conway
RA Conway
1
Union Carbide Corp.
,
South Charleston, WV 25303
;
symposium cochairman and co-editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
WP Gulledge
WP Gulledge
2
Chemical Manufacturers Association
,
Washington, D.C., 20037
;
symposium cochairman and co-editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0246-1
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0246-0
No. of Pages:
349
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1983

An analytical laboratory scheme has been designed specifically to support the rapid and cost effective characterization of complex hazardous waste materials. Rapid analysis includes “compatibility” testing of the gross characteristics of the material, identification and quantitation of metals, and the identification and semi-quantitation of organic compounds in water, soil, sludge, and organic matrixes. Organic compounds can be screened by gas chromatography and characterized by halogen or nonhalogen content. The former includes poly(chlorinated biphenyls) (PCBs), which are quantitated using a novel basic computer program. Other halogenated compounds are identified using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) with the aid of a halogen isotope cluster survey program. Nonhalogenated compounds are identified by fingerprint chromatograms or searching the GC/MS spectral library.

1.
(a)
Manual of Methods for Chemical Analysis of Water and Wastes
,
Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
,
Cincinnati, OH
,
1979
;
(b)
Federal Register
, 40 CFR 136, Vol.
44
, No. 233,
03
12
1979
;
(c)
Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste
, SW-846,
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Water and Waste Management
,
Washington, DC
, Aug. 1980 and Revision B, July 1981.
2.
Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater
, 15th ed.,
American Public Health Association
,
Washington, DC
,
1980
.
3.
Dymerski, P. P., in progress.
4.
(a)
Sax
,
N. Irving
,
Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials
,
1979
;
(b)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Occupational Safety and Health Administration
,
Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards
,
1981
;
(c)
Department of Transportation and U.S. Coast Guard
,
CHRIS-Hazardous Chemical Data
,
1974
;
(d)
Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances in Workroom Air Adopted by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists
,
1981
.
5.
Dahlgran
,
J. D.
,
Journal of High Resolution Chromatography and Chromatography Communications
, Vol.
4
,
08
1981
, pp. 393-397.
6.
MacDougall
,
D.
 et al
,
Analytical Chemistry
 0003-2700, Vol.
52
, No.
14
,
12
1980
, pp. 2242, 2249.
7.
Beynon
,
J. H.
,
Mass Spectrometry and its Applications to Organic Chemistry
,
Elsevier Publishing Co.
,
1960
, pp. 297-299.
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