Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials: 1981
By
HE Bennett
HE Bennett
1
Naval Weapons Center
?
China Lake, California 93555
Search for other works by this author on:
AH Guenther
AH Guenther
2
Air Force Weapons Laboratory Kirtland Air Force Base
,
New Mexico 87117
Search for other works by this author on:
D Milam
D Milam
3
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
?
Livermore, California 94550
Search for other works by this author on:
BE Newnam
BE Newnam
4
Los Alamos National Laboratory
?
Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0708-0
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0708-3
No. of Pages:
655
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1983

1. Introduction

2. Overview

3. Surface alloying with lasers

4. Surface analysis

5. Novel metallic surface alloys

6. Discussion

7. Reference

1.
Oron
,
M.
;
Svendsen
,
L. G.
;
Sorensen
,
G.
Laser-damage resistant copper surfaces with high reflectivity after oxidation
,
NBS Spec. Publ.
 0083-1883 
568
, 187 (
1980
).
2.
Svendsen
,
L. G.
A comparison of the corrosion protection of copper by ion implantation of Al and Cr
.
Corros. Sci.
 0010-938X 
20
, 63 (
1980
).
3.
Baumvol
,
I. J. R.
The influence of tin implantation on the oxidation of iron
.
J. Appl. Phys.
 0021-8979 
52
, 4583 (
1981
).
4.
Bentini
,
G. G.
, et al
The thermal oxidation of ion-implanted zirconium
.
Corros. Sci.
 0010-938X 
20
, 27 (
1980
).
5.
Bennett
,
M. J.
;
Dearnaley
,
G.
;
Houlton
,
M. R.
;
Hanes
,
R. W. M.
;
Goode
,
P. D.
and
Wilkins
,
M. A.
The influence of surface ion implantation upon the oxidation behavior of a 20% Cr-25% Ni, niobium stablized austenitic stainless steel, in carbon dioxide, at 825°C
.
Corros. Sci.
 0010-938X 
20
, 73 (
1980
).
6.
Dearnaley
,
G.
The ion implantation of metals and engineering materials
.
Trans. IMF
56
, 25 (
1978
).
7.
Draper
,
C. W.
and
Sharma
,
S. P.
The effect of laser surface melting on tin modified copper-nickel
.
Thin Solid Films
 0040-6090,
84
, 333 (
1981
).
8.
Buene
,
L.
;
Jacobson
,
D. C.
;
Nakahara
,
S.
;
Poate
,
J. M.
;
Draper
,
C. W.
and
Hirvonen
,
J. K.
Laser irradiation of Ni: Defect structures and surface alloying
.
Gibbons
,
J. F.
;
Hess
,
L. D.
and
Sigmon
,
T. W.
, ed.,
Laser and electron-beam solid interactions and materials processing
.
New York
,
Elsevier North-Holland
;
1981
. 583-590.
9.
Hansen
,
M.
and
Anderko
,
K.
Constitution of binary alloys
.
New York
,
McGraw-Hill
;
1958
. 36-37.
10.
Gibbons
,
J. F.
;
Hess
,
L. D.
and
Sigmon
T. W.
, ed.
Laser and electron-beam solid interactions and materials processing
.
New York
,
Elsevier North-Holland
;
1981
. 629 p.
11.
Benenson
,
B. E.
;
Kaufmann
,
E. N.
;
Miller
,
G. L.
and
Scholz
,
W. N.
, ed.
Ion beam modification of materials
.
Amsterdam
,
North-Holland
;
1981
. 1051 p.
12.
Buene
,
L.
;
Kaufmann
,
E. N.
;
Preece
,
C. M.
and
Draper
,
C. W.
in text of ref. above. 591-597.
13.
Draper
,
C. W.
;
den Broeder
,
F. J. A.
;
Jacobson
,
D. C.
;
Kaufmann
,
E. N.
and
Vandenberg
,
J. M.
Studies of laser-alloyed Zr-containing surface layers
.
Appleton
,
B. R.
and
Celler
,
G. K.
, ed.
Laser and electron beam interactions with solids
.
New York
,
Elsevier North-Holland
;
1982
. in press.
14.
Wampler
,
W. R.
;
Follstraedt
,
D. M.
and
Peercy
P. S.
Pulsed laser annealing of aluminum. in text of ref. above. 567-574.
15.
Draper
,
C. W.
Laser surface alloying: the state of the art
.
Mukherjee
,
K.
and
Mazumder
,
J.
, ed.
Lasers in metallurgy
.
Warrendale, PA
,
TMS-AIME
;
1981
. in press.
16.
Draper
,
C. W.
Regrowth in laser irradiated elemental metals and alloys: surface nonuniformities and coupling phenomena
.
NBS Spec. Publ.
 0083-1883 
620
, 210 (
1981
).
17.
Pendry
,
J. B.
Low Energy Electron Diffraction
,
Academic Press
,
New York
,
1972
.
18.
Williams
,
J. S.
,
Brown
,
W. L.
,
Celler
,
G. K.
,
Rozgonyi
,
G. A.
, and
Sheng
,
T. T.
,
Characterization of Pulsed Nd-YAG Laser Annealed Arsenic Ion implanted Silicon
,
J. Appl. Phys.
 0021-8979 
52
, 1038 (
1981
).
19.
Kennett
,
H. M.
and
Lee
,
A. E.
The Initial Oxidation of Molybdenum, I through V
.
Surf. Sci.
 0039-6028 
48
, 591 (
1975
).
20.
Fairand
,
B. P.
,
Wilcox
,
B. A.
,
Gallagher
,
W. J.
and
Williams
,
P. U.
Laser shock-induced microstructural and mechanical property changes in 7075 aluminum
,
J. Appl. Phys.
 0021-8979 
43
, 3893 (
1972
).
21.
Feldman
,
L. C.
,
MeV Ion Scattering for Surface Structure Determination
,
CRC Critical Reviews in Solid State and Materials Science
 1040-8436,
05
1981
, p. 143.
22.
Benninghoven
,
A.
Surface Investigation of Solids by the Statical Method of Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS)
Surface Sci.
35
, 427 (
1973
).
23.
MacDonald
,
N. C.
and
Waldrop
,
J. R.
Auger Electron Spectroscopy in the Scanning Electron Microscope: Auger Electron Images
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
 0003-6951 
19
 315 (
1971
).
24.
Draper
,
C. W.
,
Sharma
,
S. P.
,
Yeh
,
J. L.
and
Bernasek
,
S. L.
Examination of Elemental Nonuniformities in Laser Surface Melted Ternary Copper Alloys
,
Surf. and Int. Anal.
2
, 179 (
1980
).
25.
Draper
,
C. W.
;
Meyer
,
L. S.
;
Buene
,
L.
;
Jacobson
,
D. C.
and
Poate
,
J. M.
Laser surface alloying of gold films on nickel
.
Appl. Surf. Sci.
 0378-5963,
7
, 276 (
1981
).
26.
Draper
,
C. W.
;
Jacobson
,
D. C.
;
Gibson
,
J. M.
;
Poate
,
J. M.
;
Vandenberg
,
J. M.
and
Cullis
,
A. G.
Laser and ion beam mixing of Cr and Cr + Ni films on Cu. in text of ref. .
27.
Bennett
,
J. M.
;
Wong
,
S. M.
and
Krauss
,
G.
,
Relation between the optical and metallurgical properties of polished molybdenum mirrors
.
Appl. Opt.
 0003-6935 
19
, 3562 (
1980
).
28.
Musal
,
H. M.
Thermomechanical stress degradation of metal mirror surfaces under pulsed laser irradiation
.
NBS Spec. Publ.
 0083-1883 
568
, 159 (
1980
).
29.
Porteus
,
J. O.
;
Decker
,
D. L.
;
Jernigan
J. L.
;
Faith
,
W. N.
and
Bass
,
M.
Evaluation of metal mirrors for high power applications by multithreshold damage analysis
.
IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
 0018-9197 
14
, 776 (
1978
).
30.
Seitel
,
S. C.
;
Porteus
,
J. O.
;
Decker
,
D. L.
;
Faith
,
W. N.
and
Grandjean
,
D. J.
Effect of surface preparation methods on laser-induced pitting of copper mirrors at the 10.6 μm wavelength
.
IEEE J. Quantum Electron
17
, 2072 (
1981
).
31.
Ayers
,
J. D.
;
Schaefer
,
R. J.
;
Bogar
,
F. D.
and
McCafferty
,
E.
Corrosion behavior of laser consolidated titanium coated steel in sea water
.
Corrosion, NACE
37
, 55 (
1981
).
32.
Pangborn
,
R. J.
and
Beaman
D. R.
,
Laser glazing of sprayed metal coatings
.
J. Appl. Phys.
 0021-8979 
51
, 5992 (
1980
).
33.
Kane
,
P. F.
and
Larrabee
,
G. B.
,
Editors, Characterization of Solid Surfaces
,
Plenum Press
,
New York
, (
1974
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal