Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Fire Risk Assessment
By
GT Castino
GT Castino
1
Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
,
Northbrook, Ill. 60062
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
TZ Harmathy
TZ Harmathy
2
National Research Council of Canada
,
Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada
K1A. 0R6
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0724-2
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0724-3
No. of Pages:
111
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1982

The risks of fire, from either natural or man-made causes, can never be completely eliminated. The objective of control of risk from fires is to reduce the probability and consequences of events leading to fires to a level where the residual risks are commensurate with the benefits of society's undertakings. Involuntary and inequitably distributed risks must be considered as well as voluntary ones.

On a systemic level, the causes of fires may be identified and the risk of their occurrence estimated. This need not be done in detail, but major contributors to accidental and purposeful fires can be identified, especially in buildings. A second step is addressing control through prevention and mitigation during and after occurrence. The cost-effectiveness of the risk reduction of these approaches provides a first-level ordering of where to apply resources. The ability to implement such control actions realistically through standards, inspections, building codes, and so on, provides a means for reordering priorities.

The impact of acceptable levels of risk, established by societal requirements through the voluntary standard-setting process, is also addressed. Both acceptance and achievement standards are discussed.

1.
Lowrance
,
W. W.
,
Of Acceptable Risk
,
Kaufman
,
Los Angeles
,
1976
.
2.
Rowe
,
W. D.
,
An Anatomy of Risk
,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1977
.
3.
Okrent
,
D.
and
Whipple
,
H.
, “
An Approach to Societal Risk Acceptance Criteria and Risk Management
,” UCLA-ENG-7746,
University of California
,
Los Angeles
,
06
1977
.
4.
Rowe
,
W. D.
, “
Government Regulation of Societal Risks
,”
The George Washington Law Review
, Vol.
45
, No.
5
,
08
1977
, pp. 944-968.
5.
Krutilla
,
J. V.
and
Fisher
,
A. C.
,
The Economics of Natural Environments
,
Johns Hopkins Press
,
Baltimore, Md.
,
1975
.
6.
Kiesler
,
C. A.
,
Collins
,
B. E.
, and
Miller
,
N.
,
Attitude Change
,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1969
.
7.
Bem
,
D.
,
Beliefs, Attitudes and Human Affairs
,
Brooks/Cole
,
Belmont, Calif.
,
1970
.
8.
Cochrane
,
H. C.
, “
Natural Hazards and Their Distributive Effects
,”
National Technical Information Service
, PB-262-021,
U.S. Department of Commerce
,
Springfield, Va.
,
1975
.
9.
Kates
,
R. W.
,
Risk Assessment of Environmental Hazard, Scope 8
,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1978
.
10.
Kupperman
,
R. H.
,
Wilcox
,
R. A.
, and
Smith
,
H. A.
,
Science
 1095-9203, Vol.
187
,
07
02
1945
.
11.
Dworkin
,
Judith
, “
Global Trends in Natural Disasters, 1947–1973
,”
Working Paper
No. 26,
Natural Hazard Research, University of Colorado
,
Boulder, Colo.
,
1974
.
12.
Rowe
,
W. D.
, “
Assessing Risk to Society
,” presented at the
Symposium on Risk Assessment and Hazard Control
,
American Chemical Society
,
New Orleans, La.
,
03
1977
.
13.
Otway
,
H. J.
and
Fishbein
,
M.
, “
Public Attitudes and Decisionmaking
,”
International Institute of Applied System Analysis Research Memorandum
, RM-77-54,
Loxenburg, Austria
,
1977
.
14.
Otway
,
H. J.
,
Pahner
,
P. D.
, and
Linnerooth
,
J.
, “
Social Values in Risk Acceptance
,”
International Institute of Applied System Analysis Research Memorandum
, RM-75-54,
Loxenburg, Austria
,
1975
.
15.
Otway
,
H. J.
, “
Risk Assessment and Societal Choices
,”
International Institute of Applied System Analysis Research Memorandum
, RM-75-2,
Loxenburg, Austria
,
1975
.
16.
ASTM Directory
,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
Philadelphia
,
1979
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal