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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Distillate Fuel Stability and Cleanliness
By
LL Stavinoha
LL Stavinoha
1
Southwest Research Institute
,
editor
Search for other works by this author on:
CP Henry
CP Henry
2
Research associate
,
Petroleum Laboratory, E. I. duPont de Nemours and Company
,
Wilmington, Del.
;
symposium cochairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0762-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0762-5
No. of Pages:
177
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1981

This paper reviews the general topic of fuel deterioration. Primary emphasis is on diesel fuels used in compression ignition engines, which power the majority of Army tactical and combat vehicles. Field problems regarding the fuel stability and related problems are summarized, and the status of on-going research and development programs is outlined. This information places in perspective the background which has prompted current research activities to detect, predict, and prevent fuel stability-associated equipment failures. Concern for anticipating deleterious product formation in current and future fuel formulations composed of diverse petroleum crude and synthetic (shale or coal) crude oils, fuel/equipment interactions, diverse storage conditions, and the increased desire for prolonged storage periods provides the driving factors in defining the Army's fuel stability research programs. While placing these concerns in perspective, the Army's present and future needs for diesel fuel stability and cleanliness control are identified.

1.
Stavinoha
,
L. L.
and
LePera
,
M. E.
, “
A Review of Diesel Fuel Deterioration and Related Problems
,” AFLRL Report No. 88, AD A043566,
U.S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory, Southwest Research Institute
, San Antonio, Tex.,
05
1977
.
2.
Stability of Distillate Fuel Oils
, ASTM STP 244,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
06
1958
.
3.
Navy-CRC Barge Storage Program
,”
Coordinating Research Council (CRC) Report
, New York,
07
1957
.
4.
Distillate Fuel Storage Stability
,” Summary Report No. 2,
Western Petroleum Refiners Association
, Tulsa, Okla.,
10
1958
.
5.
Ritchie
,
J.
,
Journal of the Institute of Petroleum
 0020-3068, Vol.
51
,
09
1965
.
6.
Allbright
,
C. S.
,
Schwartz
,
F. G.
, and
Ward
,
C. C.
, “
Diesel Fuel Stability Testing
,” Project Serial No. SR-001-06-02 (BuShips),
Bartlesville Energy Research Center
,
Bartlesville, Okla.
,
10
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.
7.
Kleiger
,
L. J.
, “
The Effect of Petroleum Fuel Storage Stability on Prepositioning Costs
,” Memorandum Report RM-6181-PR,
The Rand Corporation
, Santa Monica, Calif.,
01
1970
.
8.
Annual Book of Standards
, Part 24,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
1976
, p. 291.
9.
LePera
,
M. E.
and
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,
J. G.
,
Hydrocarbon Processing
 0887-0284,
09
1973
, pp. 111-115.
10.
Creason
,
A.
,
Miller
,
Q. A.
,
Keller
,
P.
, and
Foster
,
W. E.
, “
Diesel Fuel Filterability Study
,”
Technical Report
,
MFA Oil Co.
,
Columbia, Mo.
, presented to the
American Petroleum Institute Forum 22
,
02
1973
.
11.
Russell
,
J. A.
,
Tosh
,
J. D.
,
Newman
,
F. M.
,
Greenberg
,
M. K.
, and
Frazer
,
J. H.
, “
Definition of Aviation Turbine Fuel Contamination Under Simulated Combat Conditions
,” AFLRL Report No. 90, AD A047223,
U.S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory, Southwest Research Institute
, San Antonio, Tex.,
09
1977
.
12.
LePera
,
M. E.
, “
Thermal-Oxidative Stability Automotive Diesel Fuels
,” Interim Report No. 321, Project No. 1T062105A106,
U.S. Army Mobility Equipment Research and Development Command, Coating and Chemical Laboratory
, Fort Belvoir, Va.,
02
1973
.
13.
Rodgers
,
M. R.
, “
Microbiological Contamination of Diesel Fuel and Filters Associated With M60A1 Tanks and MSS1 Vehicles
,” Memorandum Report No. 77-F-6,
U.S. Army Natick Research and Development Command
, Natick, Mass.,
25
10
1977
.
14.
Comptroller General of the United States
, “
Better Management of Spare Equipment Will Improve Maintenance Productivity and Save the Army Millions
,” LCD-76-442,
Report to the Congress
,
05
04
1977
.
15.
Frame
,
E. A.
and
Bowden
,
J. N.
, “
Evaluation of Biocides Effects on Diesel Fuel Under Prolonged Storage
,” AFLRL Report No. 61, AD No. A012779,
U.S. Army Fuels and Lubricants Research Laboratory, Southwest Research Institute
, San Antonio, Tex.,
04
1979
.
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