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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Building Security
By
J Stroik
J Stroik
1
Research architect
, Environmental Design Research Division—Center for Building Technology,
National Bureau of Standards
,
Washington, D.C., 20234
;
symposium chairman and editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0606-8
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0606-2
No. of Pages:
221
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1981

Recently, throughout the crime prevention field, there has been a great deal of discussion concerning the advantages of strategies that prevent crime by reducing the opportunity for criminal occurrence. These discussions encompass Crime Prevention through Environmental Design, Community Crime Prevention Planning, Police Role in Crime Prevention, and, the topic of this paper, Security Code Implementation. This topic encompasses the advantages of establishing minimum security standards, increasing citizen awareness of security, and legitimizing crime prevention as a responsibility of the community.

This paper will discuss the types of building security codes and the processes by which they are implemented and complied with. The evaluation of a code's effectiveness will be elaborated upon, and sources of resistance to code implementation outlined. Finally, recommendations are made for successful adoption of security codes in your community.

1.
Crime in the U.S.
,”
Federal Bureau of Investigation
,
1975
,
United States Government Printing Office
,
Washington, D.C.
, p. 55.
2.
Atlas
,
Randy
, “
Police Role in Crime Prevention
,”
Florida State University
,
Tallahassee, Fla.
,
American Society of Criminology Conference
,
1978
.
3.
Building Security Costs
,”
National Crime Prevention Institute Hotline
,
02
1977
, pp. 2-4.
4.
Community Crime Prevention
,”
Governor's Commission on Crime Prevention and Control
,
St. Paul, Minnesota
,
05
1977
, pp. 231-290.
5.
Community Crime Prevention, An Exemplary Project, Seattle, Washington
,”
Office of Technology Transfer, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Department of Justice
,
09
1977
.
6.
Crime Prevention Security Surveys
,” Series A and B,
National Evaluation Program
,
1977
, p. 14.
7.
Schmidt
,
J.
,
Lewis
,
W.
, and
Bennett
,
H.
,
Construction, Principles, Materials, and Methods
,
American Savings and Loan Press
,
Chicago, Ill.
,
1970
, pp. 602-603.
8.
National Advisory Commission on Community Crime Prevention
, Washington, D.C.,
1974
, pp. 197-198.
9.
Morris
,
N.
and
Hawkins
,
G.
,
Honest Politicians's Guide to Crime Control
,
Chicago Press
,
Chicago, Ill.
,
1970
, pp. 5, 78.
10.
Jeffrey
,
C. R.
,
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
,
Sage Publishing, Inc.
,
Beverly Hills, Cal.
1977
.
11.
Minimum Building Security Guidelines and Cost Estimates for the Security Features
,” initial draft,
National Alliance for Safer Cities
,
Washington, D. C.
,
1976
.
12.
Edgar
,
J. M.
, “
Home Security: Basic Techniques of Home Guardmanship
,”
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, U.S. Department of Justice
,
1978
, p. 2.
13.
Grzybeh
,
Pat
,
Security World Magazine
, Vol.
16
, No.
1
,
01
1979
, p. 27.
14.
Atlas
,
Randy
, “
Security Addendum to B.O.A.C. Code
,” Master's thesis,
University of Illinois, Department of Architecture
, Champaign, Ill.,
1976
.
15.
Illinois Crime Prevention Officers' Association
, Bureau Broadcaster,
12
1978
, pp. 2-3.
16.
Rudoff
,
B.
, telephone interview, Dade County Public Safety Department, Miami, Fla.,
10
01
1979
.
17.
Biderman
,
A. D.
 et al
, “
Report on a Pilot Study in the District of Columbia on Victimization and Attitudes Toward Law Enforcement
,”
U.S. Government Printing Office
,
1967
,
Washington, D.C.
, p. 37.
18.
Bell
,
Larry
, “
Portland Commercial Crime Prevention Report
,”
Barton Aschman Associates
,
Chicago, Ill.
,
1975
.
19.
A National Strategy to Reduce Crime
,”
National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1974
.
20.
Police Burglary Prevention Programs
,”
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
,
09
1975
.
21.
South Florida Building Code
, Security Addendum,
11
1973
.
22.
Boston
,
G. D.
, “
Community Crime Prevention, A Selected Bibliography
,”
National Criminal Justice Reference Service, National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement Assistance Administration, U.S. Department of Justice
,
Washington, D.C.
,
09
1977
.
23.
Bromberg
,
G.
, “
Commentary of Security Code
,”
International Association of Chiefs of Police
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1972
.
24.
Burglary Prevention Ordinance
,
City of Oakland, Oakland Cal.
25.
Burglary Security Code
,”
Ordinance
 G28-75, Article 21,
Building Official Code Administrators
, 1976 Code,
Elgin, Ill.
26.
California Officers' Handbook
,
California Crime Prevention Institute, Department of Justice
,
1973
, Chapter 8.
27.
County of Los Angeles Building Code Ordinance No. 10163
,
Los Angeles, Cal.
28.
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design—Philosophy and Concepts
,”
Westinghouse Corporation
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1974
.
29.
Edwards
,
George
,
The Police on the Urban Frontier
,
Institute of Human Relations Press
,
New York
,
1968
.
30.
Fabbri
,
John
,
F.B.I. Law Enforcement Bulletin
, Vol.
42
, No.
1
,
01
1973
, pp. 20-24.
31.
Fairfax
,
Virginia
,
Help Stop Burglary
,
California Council on Criminal Justice
.
32.
Improving Productivity in Police Services
,”
National Commission on Productivity
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1973
.
33.
Initial Federal Security Code
,
Washington, D.C.
34.
Jacobs
,
Jane
,
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
,
Random House
,
New York
,
1961
.
35.
Keopsell-Girad and Associates
,
Crime Prevention Handbook
,
Motorola Teleprograms, Inc.
,
01
1975
.
36.
Martinson
,
R.
, “
Rehabilitation, Recidivism and Research
,”
National Council on Crime and Deliquency
,
1976
.
37.
Minimum Building Security Outlines
,
National Alliance for Safer Cities
.
38.
Model Security Code
,
International Association of Chiefs of Police
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1972
.
39.
Newman
,
Oscar
,
Defensible Space
,
Macmillan Company
,
New York
,
1972
.
40.
Newman
,
O.
and
Johnston
,
S.
, “
Model Security Code for Residential Areas
,”
Institute for Community Design Analysis
,
New York
,
1974
.
41.
Oak Forest Burglary Prevention Ordinance No. 768
,
Oak Forest, Ill.
42.
Ordinance 919
,
City of Concord, Concord, Cal.
43.
Police
,
National Advisory Commission of Criminal Justice Standards and Goals
,
1973
, p. 66.
44.
Residential Burglary Prevention Program
,
State of Florida
.
45.
Safe at Home: A Guide to Residential Security
,
ADT Security Systems
.
46.
San Diego Municipal Code Section 91.0701–91.0715
,
San Diego, Cal.
47.
Security Ordinance
,
Stockton, Ill.
48.
Seattle Security Code Ordinance No. 98900
,
Seattle, Wash.
49.
Shlomo
,
Angel
, “
Discouraging Crime Through City Planning
,”
University of California
at
Berkely
,
02
1968
.
50.
South Florida Building Code, Chapter 51
.
Miami, Fla.
51.
Springfield Burglary/Security Code, Chapter 10
,
Springfield, Ill.
52.
Understanding Crime Prevention
, Vol.
1
,
The National Crime Prevention Institute Press
,
Lexington, Ky.
53.
Uniform Crime Report
,”
Department of Justice
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1975
.
54.
Whisenand
,
Paul
,
Crime Prevention
,
Holbrook Press, Inc.
,
Boston, Mass.
,
1977
. p. 303.
55.
Wilson
,
J. Q.
,
Varieties of Police Behavior
,
Harvard University Press
,
Cambridge, Mass.
,
1968
, pp. 18, 415.
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