Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Behavior of Deep Foundations
By
R Lundgren
R Lundgren
1
Regional Managing Principal, Executive Vice President
,
Woodward-Clyde Consultants
,
San Francisco, Calif. 94111
;
editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0291-7
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0291-0
No. of Pages:
622
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1979

Field conditions to which steel piles are exposed during installation and service, along with strain measurements made during driving, are presented. The mechanical properties of the steel in the pile butt after driving were determined to see if impact of the ram affected the steel. A review of existing data on the strength of mild steels subjected to high strain rates showed that, in the range of strain rates imposed by impact drivers, the steel yield strength varies from 1.4 to 1.7 times the specification yield strength. The relationship between the specified steel strength and that of a fullsize specimen was reviewed. It is concluded that (a) the driving stress may vary from 1.4 times the yield strength to the ultimate strength of the steel, (b) creep phenomena do not affect mild steels at ground temperatures, and (c) the strength of rolled specimens may be determined using specification strength.

1.
Penrod
,
E. B.
,
Walton
,
W. W.
, and
Terrell
,
D. V.
,
Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division
 0044-7994, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol.
84
, No.
SMI
, 1537,
02
1958
, pp. 1537–1–21.
2.
High Capacity Steel H-Piles,
American Iron and Steel Institute
, Washington, D. C,
1976
.
3.
Farid
,
M. U.
, “
An Investigation of the Dynamic and Static Stresses in Universal Bearing H-Piles
,” Report No. T/PROD/858/77/C,
British Steel Corporation, Teeside Laboratories
,
24
03
1977
.
4.
Goble
,
G. G.
,
Litkins
,
G.
, and
Teferra
,
W.
, “
Tests on H Piles Driven to Rock with Five Different Hammers
,” Piletalk Seminar,
Associated Pile & Fitting Corporation
,
Miami Beach
,
1978
, pp. 85–98.
5.
Hanna
,
T. H.
,
Canadian Geotechnical Journal
 0008-3674, Vol.
5
,
1968
, pp. 150–172.
6.
Rao
,
N. R. N.
,
Lohrmann
,
M.
, and
Tall
,
L.
,
Journal of Materials
 0022-2453, Vol.
1
, No.
1
,
03
1966
, pp. 241–262.
7.
Beedle
,
L. S.
and
Tall
,
L.
,
Transactions
 0066-0604, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol.
127
, Part II,
1962
.
8.
Tebedge
,
N.
, and
Tall
,
L.
,
Construction Métallique
 0045-8198, No.
2
,
1974
, pp. 37–48.
9.
Horger
,
O. J.
in
Metals Engineering Design
, 1st ed.,
Horger
O. J.
, Ed.,
American Society of Mechanical Engineers Handbook
,
McGraw-Hill, New York
,
1953
, Chapter 4, pp. 42–62.
10.
Manjoine
,
M. J.
,
Transactions
 0097-6822, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Vol.
66
,
1944
, pp. A211–A218.
11.
Smith
,
R. C.
,
Pardue
,
T. E.
, and
Vigness
,
I.
,
Proceedings
, Society of Experimental Stress Analysis, Vol.
13
, No.
2
,
1956
, pp. 183–197.
12.
Davidson
,
T.
, and
Meier
,
J. H.
,
Proceedings
, Society of Experimental Stress Analysis, Vol.
4
, No.
1
,
1946
, pp. 88–111.
13.
Protective Construction
,”
Defense Civil Preparedness Agency
, Technical Report 20, Vol.
4
,
05
1977
.
14.
Garner
,
R. R.
,
Journal of Materials
 0097-6822, Vol.
5
, No.
3
,
09
1970
, pp. 618-632.
15.
Galambos
T. V.
, in
Structural Steel Design
, 2nd ed.,
L. Tall
, Ed.,
Ronald
,
New York
,
1974
, Chapter II, pp. 369–405.
16.
Campus
,
F.
, “
Creep and Relaxation of Steel at Room Temperature
,” International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, Conference,
Portugal
,
1957
, pp. 312–15.
17.
Romanoff
,
M.
, and
Schwardtfeger
,
W. J.
,
NBS Papers on Underground Corrosion of Steel Piling, 1962–1971
,
NBS Monograph 127, National Bureau of Standards
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1972
.
18.
Proctor
,
R. P. M
in
Metal/Enviroments Interactive
,
Shreer
L. L.
, Ed., Vol.
1
,
Newnes-Butterworth
,
London
,
1976
, p. 1.47.
19.
Rausche
,
F.
, and
Goble
,
G. G.
,
Journal of the Construction Division
 0569-7948, American Society of Civil Engineers, Vol.
98
, No.
C02
, 9188,
09
1972
, pp. 201–218.
20.
Darragh
,
R. D.
, and
Bell
,
R. A.
in
Load Tests on Long Bearing Piles, ASTM STP 444
,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
03
1969
, pp. 41–67.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal