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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Behavior of Deep Foundations
By
R Lundgren
R Lundgren
1
Regional Managing Principal, Executive Vice President
,
Woodward-Clyde Consultants
,
San Francisco, Calif. 94111
;
editor
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0291-7
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0291-0
No. of Pages:
622
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1979

This paper presents a limited review of the standard and code provisions relating to timber piles from the turn of the century to the present. The provisions relative to axial stress in ASTM Establishing Design Stresses for Round Timber Piles (D 2899-74) are discussed and compared to some of the background experimental data. The conclusion is drawn that ASTM Method D 2899-74 is generally satisfactory regarding axial stresses but has specific weaknesses requiring changes. While no changes are forseen in the immediate future in the use of timber piles for 335 to 445 KN (40 to 50 ton) loads, it is suggested that timber piles may be utilized for higher capacity requirements. The view is expressed that limitations on pile material stresses are not proper in a building code, that such limitations are more appropriately placed in guidelines for foundation engineers selecting piles for specific applications.

1.
International Library of Technology
,”
International Text Book
,
Scranton, Pennsylvania
,
1905
, p. 57.
2.
Uniform Building Code
,” International Conference of Building Officials,
Los Angeles
,
1927
.
3.
National Design Specification for Wood Construction
,” 1977 ed.,
National Forest Products Association
,
Washington, D.C.
,
1977
, p. 27.
4.
The BOCA Basic Building Code/1975
,”
Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc.
,
Chicago
,
1975
.
5.
National Building Code 1976
,”
American Insurance Association
,
New York
,
1976
.
6.
Wilkinson
,
T. L.
, “
Strength Evaluation of Round Timber Piles
,” FPL 101,
U.S. Forest Products Laboratory
,
Madison, Wisconsin
,
12
1968
.
7.
Madsen
,
B.
,
Forest Products Journal
 0015-7473, Vol.
23
, No.
2
, Feb.
1973
, pp. 21–28.
8.
Bendtsen
,
B. A.
, “
Bending Strength and Stiffness of Bridge Piles After 85 Years in Milwaukee River
,” FPL Research Note 0229,
U.S. Forest Products Laboratory
,
Madison, Wis.
,
1974
.
9.
Pile Load Test Results, Wastewater Treatment Facility, Provo, Utah
,”
Rollins, Brown and Gunnell, Inc.
,
01
1976
.
10.
Keating
,
D. J.
, “
Lovelock-Winnemucca Test Pile Study Interim Report
,”
Nevada Highway Department
,
07
1974
.
11.
Davisson
,
M. T.
, “
Pile Load Capacity
,” Seminar,
Design Construction and Performance of Deep Foundation
,
Berkeley, Calif.
,
1975
, p. 14.
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