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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Air Quality Meteorology and Atmospheric Ozone
By
AL Morris
AL Morris
1
Ambient Analysis, Inc.
,
Boulder, Colo.
;
symposium chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
RC Barras
RC Barras
2
Bible Science Study Center
,
Stone Harbor, N.J.
;
symposium cochairman and coeditor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0275-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0275-0
No. of Pages:
646
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1978

Ozone concentrations at sites downwind of the New York City metropolitan region decrease on weekends. Concentrations within and upwind of the region are very nearly the same on weekdays and weekends, which agrees with earlier analyses of data in this region. For concentrations above the Federal Standard of 80 ppb, the reduction in Connecticut, which has the highest ozone concentrations in the Northeast, is approximately 20 percent. This weekend reduction carries over into Monday, which has concentrations approximately the same as those on weekends. This is then followed by a gradual increase from Tuesday to Friday. The reductions in ozone concentrations on Saturdays, Sundays, and Mondays correspond to reductions in traffic which occur on these days of the week. The fitting of a time series model with periodic means, variances, and autocorrelations shows the observed reductions are statistically significant.

1.
Farrow
,
L. A.
,
Graedel
,
T. E.
, and
Weber
,
T. A.
,
Proceedings
, International Ozone Conference,
Environmental Protection Agency
,
Research Triangle Park, N.C.
,
1976
, p. 137.
2.
Graedel
,
T. E.
,
Farrow
,
L. A.
, and
Weber
,
T. A.
,
Atmospheric Environment
 1352-2310, Vol.
10
,
1976
, p. 1095.
3.
Graedel
,
T. E.
,
Farrow
,
L. A.
, and
Weber
,
T. A.
, “
Urban Kinetic Chemical Calculations with Altered Source Conditions: Nitrogen Oxides, Hydrocarbons, and Ozone
,”
Atmospheric Environment
(in press).
4.
Altschuller
,
A. P.
,
Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association
 0002-2470, Vol.
25
,
1975
, p. 19.
5.
Bruntz
,
S. M.
,
Cleveland
,
W. S.
,
Graedel
,
T. E.
,
Kleiner
,
B.
, and
Warner
,
J. L.
,
Science
 0036-8075, Vol.
18
,
1974
, p. 257.
6.
Cleveland
,
W. S.
,
Graedel
,
T. E.
,
Kleiner
,
B.
, and
Warner
,
J. L.
,
Science
 0036-8075, Vol.
186
,
1974
, p. 1037.
7.
Cleveland
,
W. S.
,
Kleiner
,
B.
,
McRae
,
J. E.
, and
Warner
,
J. L.
,
Science
 0036-8075, Vol.
191
,
1976
, p. 179.
8.
Cleveland
,
W. S.
,
Kleiner
,
B.
,
Guarino
,
R.
,
McRae
,
J. E.
, and
Warner
,
J. L.
in
Ozone/Oxidants—Interactions With the Total Environment
,
Air Pollution Control Association
,
Pittsburgh
,
1976
, p. 109.
9.
Coffey
,
P. E.
and
Stasiuk
,
W. N.
,
Environmental Science and Technology
 0013-936X, Vol.
9
,
1975
, p. 59.
10.
Jacobson
,
J. S.
and
Salottolo
,
G. D.
,
Atmospheric Environment
 1352-2310, Vol.
9
,
1975
, p. 321.
11.
Martinez
,
E. L.
and
Meyer
,
E. L.
in
Ozone/Oxidants—Interactions With the Total Environment
,
Air Pollution Control Association
,
Pittsburgh
,
1976
, p. 221.
12.
Wolff
,
G. T.
,
Lioy
,
P. J.
,
Wight
,
G. D.
,
Meyers
,
R. E.
, and
Cederwall
,
R. T.
,
Proceedings
, International Ozone Conference,
Research Triangle Park, N.C.
,
1976
, p. 307.
13.
Westberg
,
H.
,
Allwine
,
K. J.
, and
Elias
,
D.
in
Ozone/Oxidants—Interactions With the Total Environment
,
Air Pollution Control Association
,
Pittsburgh
,
1976
, p. 84.
14.
Wolff
,
G.
,
Stasiuk
,
W.
,
Coffey
,
P.
, and
Pasceri
,
R.
, “
Aerial Ozone Measurements Over New Jersey, New York, and Connecticut
,” Paper No. 75-58.6, Air Pollution Control Association Annual Meeting,
Boston
,
1975
.
15.
Tiao
,
G. C.
,
Phadke
,
M. S.
, and
Box
,
G. E. P.
,
Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association
 0002-2470, Vol.
26
,
1976
, p. 485.
16.
Elkus
,
B. E.
and
Wilson
,
K. R.
,
Atmospheric Environment
 1352-2310, Vol.
11
,
1977
, p. 897.
17.
Wilk
,
M. B.
and
Gnanadesikan
,
R.
,
Biometrika
 0006-3444, Vol.
55
,
1968
, p. 1.
18.
Gifford
,
F. A.
and
Hanna
,
S. R.
,
Atmospheric Environment
 1352-2310, Vol.
7
,
1973
, p. 131.
19.
Box
,
G. E. P.
and
Jenkins
,
G. M.
,
Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control
,
Holden-Day
,
San Fransicso, Calif.
,
1976
.
20.
Huber
,
Peter, J.
,
Annals of Mathematical Statistics
 0003-4851, Vol.
43
,
1976
, p. 1041.
21.
Bach
,
W. D.
,
Decker
,
C. E.
,
Hamilton
,
H. L.
,
Matus
,
L. K.
,
Ripperton
,
L. A.
,
Royal
,
T. M.
, and
Worth
,
J. J. B.
, “
Investigation of High Ozone Concentration in the Vicinity of Garnett County, West Virginia
,” Report of Project 410–764,
Environmental Studies Center, Research Triangle Institute
, Research Triangle Park, N.C.,
1973
.
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