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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Air Quality Meteorology and Atmospheric Ozone
By
AL Morris
AL Morris
1
Ambient Analysis, Inc.
,
Boulder, Colo.
;
symposium chairman and editor
Search for other works by this author on:
RC Barras
RC Barras
2
Bible Science Study Center
,
Stone Harbor, N.J.
;
symposium cochairman and coeditor
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0275-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0275-0
No. of Pages:
646
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1978

Beginning in the late 16th century, when Fludd and Galileo resurrected the thermoscope and started using it as a thermometer, standards in meteorology became essential. It was necessary to adopt standard materials, manufacturing techniques, and scales if one instrument was to be compared with another. When it became practical to collect weather observations rapidly enough to assemble them into weather maps, another step toward standardization became necessary. Observations had to be taken in a standard way at a standard time. Since weather does not respect national boundaries, it was important that these standards be accepted internationally. With the development of concern about the quality of the atmosphere, engineers and chemists became increasingly interested in meteorological measurements, and a new branch of meteorology developed with attendant new measurement requirements. New instruments evolved. These need to be described and used in standard ways if they are to be most effective. Subcommittee D22.11 on Meteorological Measure|ments, of ASTM Committee D-22 on Methods of Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres, is writing new ASTM standards to meet these needs.

1.
Scoffern
,
Orr's Circle of the Sciences, Astronomy, Navigation, Meteorology
, Vol.
5
,
Richard Griffin and Co.
,
London and Glasgow
,
1860
, pp. 473–474.
2.
Landsberg
,
H. E.
,
Weather
, Vol.
19
, No.
1
, Jan., 1964, pp. 2–7.
3.
World Meteorological Organization
,
International Cloud Atlas
, Vol.
1
, WMO No. 407,
Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization
,
Geneva, Switzerland
,
1975
.
4.
World Meteorological Organization
,
International Cloud Atlas
,
Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization
,
Geneva, Switzerland
,
1956
, reprinted
1969
.
5.
World Meteorological Organization
,
World Meteorological Organization Guide to Meteorological Instrument and Observing Practices
, WMO No. 8 TP. 3,
Secretariat of the World Meteorological Organization
,
Geneva, Switzerland
,
1971
.
6.
Breeding
,
R. J.
,
Lodge
,
J. P.
 Jr.
,
Pate
,
J. B.
,
Sheesley
,
D. C.
,
Klonis
,
H. B.
,
Fogle
,
B.
,
Anderson
,
J. A.
,
Englert
,
T. R.
,
Haagenson
,
P. L.
,
McBeth
,
R. B.
,
Morris
,
A. L.
,
Pogue
,
R.
, and
Wartburg
,
A. F.
,
Journal of Geophysical Research
 0148-0227, Vol.
78
, No.
30
,
20
10
1973
, pp. 7057–7064.
7.
Haagenson
,
P. L.
and
Morris
,
A. L.
,
Journal of Applied Meteorology
, Vol.
13
, No.
8
, Dec., 1974, pp. 901–909.
8.
Breeding
,
R. J.
,
Klonis
,
H. B.
,
Lodge
,
J. P.
 Jr.
,
Pate
,
J. B.
,
Sheesley
,
D. C.
,
Englert
,
T. R.
,
Sears
,
D. R.
,
Atmospheric Environment
 1352-2310, Vol.
10
,
1976
, pp. 181–194.
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