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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Concrete Pipe and The Soil-Structure System
By
M Bealey
M Bealey
1
Vice president
,
American Concrete Pipe Association
,
Vienna, Va. 22180
;
symposium chairman and editor of this publication
.
Search for other works by this author on:
JD Lemons
JD Lemons
2
Deputy city engineer
,
City of Los Angeles
,
Los Angeles, Calif. 90012
;
symposium chairman and editor of this publication
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0311-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0311-5
No. of Pages:
144
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1977

A piece-wise linear finite-element model of a buried concrete pipe and the surrounding soil is used to analyze the behavior of a soil-pipe system for both a trench and an embankment installation. Soil moduli for the various soils comprising each installation were determined from uniaxial strain tests, and they are considered to be functions of the major principal stress and the initial dry density. Values of Poisson's ratio were determined from triaxial tests with lateral strain measurements. Based on an extensive set of data from uniaxial strain tests on compacted and undisturbed soils, formulations are proposed to predict the constrained modulus from a knowledge of various soil index properties. Predicted soil stresses and deformations, interface stresses, and pipe deformations were compared to actual measured values from two field installations, and the results substantiate the adequacy of the approach.

1.
Krizek
,
R. J.
and
Corotis
,
R. B.
,
Proceedings
, ASCE Specialty Conference on In Situ Measurement of Soil Properties,
American Society of Civil Engineers
,
Raleigh, N. C.
,
1975
, pp. 225–240.
2.
Salazar Espinosa
,
J. H.
,
Krizek
,
R. J.
, and
Corotis
,
R. B.
,
Transportation Research Record
, No. 537,
1975
, pp. 59–68.
3.
Farzin
,
M. H.
,
Corotis
,
R. B.
, and
Krizek
,
R. J.
,
Journal of Testing and Evaluation, American Society for Testing and Materials
. Vol.
3
, No.
1
,
1975
, pp. 51–61.
4.
Farzin
,
M. H.
,
Krizek
,
R. J.
, and
Corotis
,
R. B.
,
Transportation Research Record
, No. 537,
1975
, pp. 69–80.
5.
Janbu
,
N.
.
Proceedings
, European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering,
Weisbaden, Germany
, Vol.
1
,
1963
, pp. 19–25.
6.
Corotis
,
R. B.
,
Azzouz
,
A. S.
, and
Krizek
,
R. J.
,
Proceedings
, Second International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Soil and Structural Engineering,
Aachen, Germany
,
1975
, pp. 273–294.
7.
Krizek
,
R. J.
,
Corotis
,
R. B.
, and
Wenzel
,
T. H.
,
Proceedings
, Specialty Conference on Methods of Structural Analysis,
American Society of Civil Engineers
,
Madison, Wis.
,
1976
, pp. 607–643.
8.
Spangler
,
M. C.
,
Proceedings, Highway Research Board
, Vol.
28
,
1948
, pp. 249–259.
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