Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination
ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing
By
L Raymond
L Raymond
1
The Aerospace Corporation
,
El Segundo, Calif. 90245
;
symposium chairman
.
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0373-5
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0373-3
No. of Pages:
280
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1974

Hydrogen embrittlement is classified into three types: internal reversible hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen reaction embrittlement, and hydrogen environment embrittlement. Characteristics of and materials embrittled by these types of hydrogen embrittlement are discussed. Hydrogen environment embrittlement is reviewed in detail. Factors involved in standardizing test methods for detecting the occurrence of and evaluating the severity of hydrogen environment embrittlement are considered. The effects of test technique, hydrogen pressure, gas purity, strain rate, stress concentration factor, and test temperature are discussed. Additional research is required to determine whether hydrogen environment embrittlement and internal reversible hydrogen embrittlement are similar or distinct types of embrittlement.

1.
McPherson
,
W. B.
and
Cataldo
,
C. E.
, “
Recent Experience in High Pressure Gaseous Hydrogen Equipment at Room Temperature
,” Technical Report No. D 8-14.1,
American Society for Metals
, Metals Park, Ohio,
10
1968
.
2.
Laws
,
J. S.
,
Frick
,
V.
, and
McConnell
,
J.
, “
Hydrogen Gas Pressure Vessel Problems in the M-1 Facilities
,” NASA Report CR-13O5,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
, Washington, D. C.,
03
1969
.
3.
Klima
,
S. J.
,
Nachtigall
,
A. J.
, and
Hoffman
,
C. A.
, “
Preliminary Investigation of Effect of Hydrogen on Stress-Rupture and Fatigue Properties of an Iron-, a Nickel-, and a Cobalt-Base Alloy
,” NASA Report TN D-1458,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
, Cleveland, Ohio,
12
1962
.
4.
Williams
,
D. P.
and
Nelson
,
H. G.
,
Metallurgical Transactions
 0026-086X, Vol.
1
, No.
1
,
01
1970
, pp. 63–68.
5.
Nelson
,
H. G.
,
Williams
,
D. P.
, and
Tetelman
,
A. S.
,
Metallurgical Transactions
 0026-086X, Vol.
2
, No.
4
,
04
1971
, pp. 953–959.
6.
Chandler
,
W. T.
and
Walter
,
R. J.
, “
Hydrogen Effects in Refractory Metals
,” presented at the Symposium on Metallurgy and Technology of Refractory Metal Alloys,
American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers and National Aeronautics and Space Administration
,
Washington, D. C.
, 25–28 April 1968.
7.
Lorenz
,
P. M.
, “
Effect of Pressurized Hydrogen upon Inconel 718 and 2219 Aluminum
,” Technical Report D2-114417-1, NASA CR-100208,
The Boeing Company
, Seattle, Wash.,
02
1969
.
8.
Campbell
,
J. E.
, “
Effect of Hydrogen Gas on Metals at Ambient Temperature
,” Technical Report DMIC S-31,
Battelle Memorial Institute
, Columbus, Ohio,
1970
.
9.
Walter
,
R. J.
,
Hayes
,
H. G.
, and
Chandler
,
W. T.
, “
Influence of Gaseous Hydrogen on Metals
,” Technical Report R-8719, NASA CR-119917,
Rocketdyne, Division of North American Rockwell Corp.
, Canoga Park, Calif.,
05
1971
.
10.
Harris
,
J. A.
, Jr.
, and
VanWanderham
,
M. C.
, “
Properties of Materials in High Pressure Hydrogen at Cryogenic, Room, and Elevated Temperatures
,” Technical Report PWA-FR-4566, NASA CR-119884,
Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Div., United Aircraft Corp.
, West Palm Beach, Fla.,
06
1971
.
11.
Walter
,
R. J.
and
Chandler
,
W. T.
,
Materials Science and Engineering
 0025-5416, Vol.
8
,
1971
, pp. 90–97.
12.
Frick
,
V.
,
Janser
,
G. R.
, and
Brown
,
J. A.
in
Space Shuttle Materials
, Vol.
3
,
Society of Aerospace Materials and Process Engineers
,
Azusa, Calif.
,
1971
, pp. 597–634.
13.
Harris
,
J. A.
, Jr.
, and
VanWanderham
,
M. C.
, “
Influence of Elevated Temperature on Metals in Gaseous Hydrogen
,” Technical Report PWA-FR-5129,
Pratt and Whitney Aircraft Div., United Aircraft Corp.
, West Palm Beach, Fla.,
06
1972
.
14.
Jewett
,
R. P.
,
Walter
,
R. J.
,
Chandler
,
W. T.
, and
Frohmberg
,
R. P.
, “
Hydrogen-Environment Embrittlement of Metals
,” NASA CR-2163,
Rocketdyne, Division of North American Rockwell Corp.
, Canoga Park, Calif.,
1973
.
15.
Cavett
,
R. H.
and
Van Ness
,
H. C.
,
Welding Journal, Welding Research Supplement
, Vol.
42
,
07
1963
, pp. 316s–319s.
16.
Hofman
,
W.
and
Rauls
,
W.
,
Welding Journal, Welding Research Supplement
, Vol.
44
,
05
1965
, pp. 225s–230s.
17.
Hancock
,
G. G.
and
Johnson
,
H. H.
,
Transactions, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
 0096-4778, Vol.
236
, No.
4
,
04
1966
, pp. 513–516.
18.
Fidelle
,
J.-P.
,
Allemand
,
L. R.
,
Roux
,
C.
, and
Rapin
,
M.
in
Hydrogen in Metals
,
Fidelle
J. P.
and
Rapin
M.
, Eds., Valduc Colloquim, Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique,
France
,
09
1967
, pp. 131–172.
19.
Vennett
,
R. M.
and
Ansell
,
G. S.
,
Transactions Quarterly, American Society for Metals
 0096-7416, Vol.
60
, No.
2
,
06
1967
, pp. 242–251.
20.
Benson
,
R. B.
, Jr.
,
Dann
,
R. K.
, and
Roberts
,
L. W.
, Jr.
,
Transactions, American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical, and Petroleum Engineers
 0096-4778, Vol,
242
, No.
10
,
10
1968
, pp. 2199–2205.
21.
Spitzig
,
W. A.
,
Talda
,
P. M.
, and
Wei
,
R. P.
,
Engineering Fracture Mechanics
 0013-7944, Vol.
1
,
1968
, pp. 155–165.
22.
Vennett
,
R. M.
and
Ansell
,
G. S.
,
Transactions Quarterly, American Society for Metals
 0096-7416, Vol.
62
, No.
4
,
12
1969
, pp. 1007–1013.
23.
Walter
,
R. J.
,
Jewett
,
R. P.
, and
Chandler
,
W. T.
,
Materials Science and Engineering
 0025-5416, Vol.
5
, No.
2
,
01
1970
, pp. 98–110.
24.
Fricke
,
E.
,
Stuwe
,
H. P.
, and
Vibrans
,
G.
,
Metallurgical Transactions
 0026-086X, Vol.
2
, No.
9
,
09
1971
, pp. 2697–2700.
25.
Marcus
,
H. L.
and
Stocker
,
P. J.
in
Specialists Meeting on Stress Corrosion Testing Methods
, Conference Proceedings No. 98,
Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and Development
,
Paris, France
,
01
1972
, pp. 16-1 to 16-6.
26.
Jolly
,
N.
,
LeGallo
,
P.
,
Bretin
,
L.
, and
Fidelle
,
J.-P.
, “
Extensometric Measurements on 35NCD16 Steel Disks Ruptured by Hydrogen
,” TA-1336,
Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique
,
France
,
1970
.
27.
Groeneveld
,
T. P.
,
Fletcher
,
E. E.
, and
Elsea
,
A. R.
, “
A Study of Hydrogen Embrittlement of Various Alloys
,” Technical Report NASA CR-77374,
Battelle Memorial Institute
, Columbus, Ohio,
06
1966
.
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal