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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Fatigue at Elevated Temperatures
By
AE Carden
AE Carden
editor
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AJ McEvily
AJ McEvily
editor
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CH Wells
CH Wells
editor
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ISBN-10:
0-8031-5528-X
ISBN:
978-0-8031-5528-2
No. of Pages:
811
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1973

A design procedure for predicting low-cycle fatigue cracking is developed that is applicable for most mechanical and thermal cycling problems. Included in the procedure are effects due to stress risers and biaxial stress fields. Use is made of the uniaxial low-cycle fatigue curve and the “cyclic ”stress-strain curve, both obtained from standard low-cycle fatigue testing. Major aspects of the analysis include an effective strain parameter which is employed as the cracking criterion and the use of Neuber's equation to estimate stress concentration effects. To illustrate the use and validity of the procedure, data from mechanically and thermally cycled grooved cylinders are presented and compare well with predictions.

1.
Coffin
,
L. F.
, Jr.
, “
Life Prediction of Metals Subjected To High-Temperature Fatigue
,” presented at International Conference on Mechanical Behavior of Materials,
Kyoto, Japan
,
08
1971
.
2.
Ives
,
K. D.
 et al
,
Journal of Basic Engineering
 0021-9223,
12
1966
.
3.
Stowell
,
E. Z.
, “
Poisson's Ratio and Volume Changes for Plastically Orthotropic Material
,” NACA Technical Note 3736,
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
,
1956
.
4.
Nadai
,
A.
,
Theory of Flow and Fracture of Solids
, Vol.
I
, 2nd edition,
McGraw-Hill
,
New York
,
1950
.
5.
Stowell
,
E. Z.
, “
Stress and Strain Concentration at a Circular Hole in an Infinite Plate
,” NACA TN 2073,
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
,
1950
.
6.
Hardrath
,
H. F.
and
Ohman
,
L.
, “
A Study of Elastic and Plastic Stress Concentration Factors Due to Notches and Fillets in Flat Plates
,” NACA Report 1117,
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
,
1953
.
7.
Neuber
,
H.
, “
Research on the Distribution of Tension in Notched Construction Parts
,” WADD TR60-906,
01
1961
.
8.
Papirno
,
R.
,
Experimental Mechanics
 0014-4851,
10
1971
.
9.
Mowbray
,
D. F.
and
McConnelee
,
J. E.
, “
Application of Finite Element Elastic-Plastic Stress Analysis to Notched Fatigue Specimen Behavior
,” First International Conference on Reactor Structural Mechanics,
West Berlin
,
09
1971
.
10.
Isberg
,
L. J.
and
Wozney
,
G. P.
, “
Mechanical and Thermal LCF Tests on Grooved Cylinders
,” Internal General Electric Report,
General Electric Co.
, Schenectady.
11.
Peterson
,
R. E.
,
Stress Concentration Design Factors
,
Wiley
,
New York
,
1953
.
12.
Kremple
,
E.
, “
Low-Cycle Fatigue and Stress Concentrations at Room Temperature and 550°F for Three Low-Strength Structural Steels
,” GEAP Report No. 10170,
03
1970
, available from
Clearinghouse for Federal, Scientific, and Technical Information Center
, Springfield, Va.
13.
Smith
,
R. W.
,
Hirschberg
,
M. H.
, and
Manson
,
S. S.
, “
Fatigue Behavior of Materials Under Strain Cycling in Low and Intermediate Life Range
,” NASA TN O-1574,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
,
1963
.
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