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ASTM Selected Technical Papers
Manual on Low Cycle Fatigue Testing
By
RM Wetzel
RM Wetzel
1
Ford Motor Co.
Search for other works by this author on:
LF Coffin, Jr Jr
LF Coffin, Jr Jr
2
Metallurgy and Ceramics Laboratory, General Electric Co.
,
Schenectady, N.Y.
;
Chairman
, Subcommittee VIII, ASTM Committee E-9
Search for other works by this author on:
ISBN-10:
0-8031-0035-3
ISBN:
978-0-8031-0035-0
No. of Pages:
209
Publisher:
ASTM International
Publication date:
1969

A test method for performing uniaxial low cycle thermal fatigue tests on ductile metals is described. The test method is built around the Instron testing machine. Both temperature and crosshead extension are programmed and the test cycle can be designed for either tensile or compressive loading at the maximum temperature.

The test method is described for hollow, tubular, threaded-end specimens, resistance heating and compressed air cooling, linear heating and cooling rates, and air environment. The stress dependence of the thermal coefficient of expansion causes no special problem in the determination of the strain values.

A strain measuring system is described that eliminates the thermal component of strain from strain record. Employment of such a system allows a direct recording of load versus mechanical deformation. From these hysteresis loops the pertinent information of the cycle can be determined.

1.
Thielsch
,
H.
, “
Thermal Fatigue and Thermal Shock
,”
Bulletin No. 10
,
Welding Research Council, WRCBA
,
1952
.
2.
Coffin
,
L. F.
, Jr.
and
Wesley
,
R. P.
, “
Apparatus for the Study of Effects of Cyclic Thermal Stresses on Ductile Metals
,”
Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, TASMA
 0097-6822, Vol.
76
,
1954
, p. 923.
3.
Coffin
,
L. F.
, Jr.
, “
A Study of the Effects of Cyclic Thermal Stresses on a Ductile Metal
,”
Transactions, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, TASMA
 0097-6822, Vol.
76
,
1954
, p. 931.
4.
Yen
,
T. C.
, “
Thermal Fatigue—A Critical Review
,”
Bulletin No. 72
,
Welding Research Council, WRCBA
,
1961
.
5.
Glenny
,
E.
, “
Thermal Fatigue
,”
Metallurgical Reviews, MREVA
, Vol.
6
, No.
24
,
1961
, p. 387.
6.
Carden
,
A. E.
, “
Thermal Fatigue—Part I. An Analysis of the Conventional Experimental Method
,”
Proceedings, American Society for Testing and Materials, ASTEA
, Vol.
63
,
1963
, p. 735.
7.
Foley
,
D. D.
,
Hallander
,
I. M.
and
Horton
,
K. E.
, “
Thermal Stress and Low Cycle Fatigue Data on Typical Materials
, Preprint 65-GTP-13,
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
,
1965
.
8.
Kawamoto
,
M.
,
Tanaka
,
T.
and
Nakajima
,
H.
, “
Effects of Several Factors on Thermal Fatigue
,”
Journal of Materials, JMLSA
, Vol.
1
, No.
4
,
1966
, pp. 719–758.
9.
Glenny
E.
and
Taylor
,
T. A.
, “
A Study of the Thermal Fatigue Behavior of Metals
,”
Journal of the Institute of Metals, London
, Vol.
88
, 1959–60, p. 449.
10.
Rostoker
,
W.
, “
Thermal Fatigue Resistance of Martensitic Steels
,”
Journal of Materials, JMLSA
, Vol.
4
, No.
1
,
1969
, pp. 117–144.
11.
Aramayo
,
G. A.
, “
A Study of the Thermal Fatigue Behavior of Thin Circular Discs
,” Thesis,
University of Alabama
,
1965
.
12.
Doughty
,
L. E.
, “
An Investigation of the Thermal Fatigue Failure of Circular Discs by Cyclic Thermal Stress
,” Thesis,
University of Alabama
,
1965
.
13.
Keyes
,
J. J.
, Jr.
and
Krakoviak
,
A. I.
, “
High Frequency Surface Thermal Fatigue Cycling of Inconel at 1405 F
,”
Nuclear Science and Engineering, NSENA
 0029-5639, Vol.
9
,
1961
, p. 462.
14.
Forest
,
P. G.
and
Penfold
,
A. B.
, “
New Approach to Thermal Fatigue Testing
,”
Engineering, ENGNA
, Vol.
192
,
1961
, pp. 522–523.
15.
Stetson
,
A. R.
, “
Thermal Fatigue Tests of Diffusion Coated Alloys
,” Report to Ad Hoc Committee of ASTM-C22 RDR-1399,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
1966
.
16.
Avery
,
L. R.
,
Carayanis
,
G. S.
and
Michky
,
G. L.
, “
Thermal-Fatigue Tests of Restrained Combustor-Cooling Tubes
,”
Experimental Mechanics, EXMCA
, Vol.
7
, No.
6
,
1967
, pp. 256–264.
17.
Harman
,
D. G.
,
Thermal Fatigue of Rocket Nozzle Cooling Tubes
,
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
, ORNL TM 2089,
1969
.
18.
King
,
R. H.
and
Smith
,
A. I.
,
Thermal and High-Strain Fatigue
, International Conference Metals and Metallurgy Trust of the Institute of Metals and the Institution of Metallurgists,
London
,
1969
, pp. 364–378.
19.
Carden
,
A. E.
,
Bibliography of the Literature on Thermal Fatigue
, N68-23652 (NASA-CR-94605),
University of Alabama
,
1967
. (Available from Clearinghouse for Federal Scientific and Technical Information, Springfield, Va.)
20.
Bibliography on Low Cycle Fatigue
, ASTM STP 449,
American Society for Testing and Materials
,
1969
.
21.
Rosenfield
,
A. R.
and
Averbach
,
B. L.
, “
Effects of Stress on the Expansion Coefficient
,”
Journal of Applied Physics, JAPIA
 0021-8979, Vol.
27
, No.
2
,
1956
, pp. 154–156.
22.
Wang
,
A. J.
and
Prager
,
W.
, “
Thermal and Creep Effects in Work-Hardening Elastic-Plastic Solids
,”
Journal of the Aeronautical Sciences, JASCA
 0095-9812, Vol.
21
, No.
5
,
1954
, pp. 343–344, 360.
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