11R45. Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications. - J Bevan Ott and J Boerio-Goates (Dept of Chem and Biochem, Brigham Young Univ, Provo UT). Academic Press, San Diego. 2000. 664 pp. ISBN 0-12-530990-2. $79.95.
Reviewed by DE Beasley (Dept of Mech Eng, Clemson Univ, 233 Fluor Daniel Bldg, Clemson SC 29634-0921).
The goal of this book is to serve as a textbook and a reference; as such it is directed at both students and researchers. This challenge is addressed by providing two volumes. The first volume is reviewed here and is directed primarily towards an advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate course in chemical thermodynamics. Some prerequisite knowledge is implicitly assumed throughout the text; a beginning student would find an introductory reference a great benefit. The authors correctly assert that thermodynamics cannot be mastered without the use of appropriate exercises and problems. The text contains a variety of examples and end-of-chapter exercises.
A very attractive aspect of this book is the integration of the authors’ experimental backgrounds and expertise throughout the book. Through cogent descriptions accompanied by appropriate references, the book provides insight into the experimental side of thermodynamics. Also, microscopic concepts are integrated throughout, with a formal treatment of statistics thermodynamics provided in Chapter 10. Appendices include a fundamental treatment of mathematics and a summary of the International Temperature Scale-1990.
Chapter 1 provides the classical definitions of properties and a treatment of some mathematical preliminaries. Chapter 2 provides a clear exposition of the first and second laws of thermodynamics, including an excellent treatment of work done against an external restraining force. The authors do an admirable job of making the Caratheodory treatment of the second law accessible, especially in the area of inaccessible states.
Chapter 3 addresses thermodynamic relations, including the Maxwell and Gibbs equations, and provides applications. More emphasis on the goal of expressing energy and entropy quantities in terms of P-V-T behavior and specific heats would have solidified this discussion. Chapter 4 addresses the third law and absolute entropy, and includes some excellent discussion of low temperature thermodynamic experiments. Chapter 6 primarily addresses the requirement for thermodynamic equilibrium with the possibility of chemical reaction. This chapter provides a well-presented classical definition of fugacity and the law of corre-sponding states. The concept of fugacity in a mixture, activity, and the standard state lead to the definition of the ideal solution.
Chapters 7 through 9 apply the fundamentals of thermodynamics to address important problems. Chapter 7 addresses solutions, both non-electrolyte solutions and solutions containing strong electrolyte solutes, change in properties due to mixing, and osmotic effects. The treatment of osmotic effects includes experimental methods associated with determining osmotic properties, and the concept of reverse osmosis.
Chapter 8 uses concepts developed in the previous chapters to analyze phase equilibrium, including the solid phase. Both pure substances and mixtures are addressed. The phase rule, the Clapeyron equation, and are developed and applied to chemical processes. A section is devoted to electrochemical cells.
As a culmination to this treatment of thermodynamics, Chapter 10 presents the microscopic view. The chapter presents quantum energy levels and thermodynamic probability. This leads to the Boltzmann distribution law and the partition function. The partition function is evaluated for the ideal gas, which leads to prediction of thermodynamic properties. More complex molecules are then addressed. This chapter, the last in the book, serves to provide the fundamental understanding from the microscopic view of the concepts presented in the previous chapters.
Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications is appropriate for scientists and engineers seeking to achieve an understanding of chemical thermodynamics beyond the introductory level. Researchers will find a variety of references from the open literature and will benefit from the authors perspective as experimentalists.