Compressibility effects on the evolution of turbulence are obtained from direct numerical simulation of homogeneous shear flow. It is found that when the gradient Mach number - a parameter based on the mean shear rate, integral length scale and speed of sound - increases, the growth of turbulent kinetic energy is inhibited. The reduced ‘efficiency’ of production is shown to lead to the inhibited growth of turbulent kinetic energy. Implications for inhomogeneous shear flows are discussed.

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