Because of being important structural elements in many engineering applications on one hand, and presenting inherent complicated coupling effects on the other hand, pretwisted rods have attracted the interest of many researchers. During the years, as a result of engineering breakthroughs, like the introduction of composite materials or operating at very high temperatures, the problems associated with pretwisted rods became more complicated. The present review will present the research during the last fifty years. It will be divided into three main subjects: static analysis, dynamic analysis and stability problems. The review will concentrate on the structural and dynamic aspects of pretwisted rods. Derivations of models and solution techniques will be addressed.

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