The present study is concerned with the deformation response of an architectured material system, i.e., a 2D-material system created by the topological interlocking assembly of polyhedra. Following the analogy of granular crystals, the internal load transfer is considered along well-defined force networks, and internal equivalent truss structures are used to describe the deformation response. Closed-form relationships for stiffness, strength, and toughness of the topologically interlocked material system are presented. The model is validated relative to direct numerical simulation results. The topologically interlocked material system characteristics are compared with those of monolithic plates. The architectured material system outperforms equivalent size monolithic plates in terms of toughness for nearly all possible ratios of modulus to the strength of the material used to make the building blocks and plate, respectively. In addition, topologically interlocked material systems are shown to provide better strength characteristics than a monolithic system for low strength solids.