A formulation of statistical linearization for multi-degree-of-freedom (M-D-O-F) systems subject to combined mono-frequency periodic and stochastic excitations is presented. The proposed technique is based on coupling the statistical linearization and the harmonic balance concepts. The steady-state system response is expressed as the sum of a periodic (deterministic) component and of a zero-mean stochastic component. Next, the equation of motion leads to a nonlinear vector stochastic ordinary differential equation (ODE) for the zero-mean component of the response. The nonlinear term contains both the zero-mean component and the periodic component, and they are further equivalent to linear elements. Furthermore, due to the presence of the periodic component, these linear elements are approximated by averaging over one period of the excitation. This procedure leads to an equivalent system whose elements depend both on the statistical moments of the zero-mean stochastic component and on the amplitudes of the periodic component of the response. Next, input–output random vibration analysis leads to a set of nonlinear equations involving the preceded amplitudes and statistical moments. This set of equations is supplemented by another set of equations derived by ensuring, in a harmonic balance sense, that the equation of motion of the M-D-O-F system is satisfied after ensemble averaging. Numerical examples of a 2-D-O-F nonlinear system are considered to demonstrate the reliability of the proposed technique by juxtaposing the semi-analytical results with pertinent Monte Carlo simulation data.

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