The ring-core method is often used in residual stress analysis. It is applied to macro- and microscale stress analysis and has a unique advantage of releasing the residual stress across the core instead of at a single point, which makes it possible to measure an uneven residual stress field within a limited area, especially when the area is too small to be measured by other techniques. We developed a new layer-by-layer stress analysis method based on the ring-core method to retrieve the uneven in-plane stress, in which a nonuniform load that surrounds the core is approximated by discrete loading and then used to reveal the stress distribution within the core. The displacement–stress relationship is calibrated through finite element simulation. Because of the difficulty of preparing a standard specimen with an accurate high-gradient in-plane field stress in an area of several micrometers, the performance of the method was tested by a finite element simulation experiment. Good matches were achieved when comparing the calculated stress fields and the stress fields in the simulation experiments, including the biaxial, uniaxial and high-gradient cases. The method was applied to a piece of superconductor stand with a highly nonuniform stress by using a 4 μm-diameter-area ring core cut with focused ion beam.

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